Ludwig Basnizki

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Ludwig Basnizki ( March 16, 1885 in Odenheim - May 26, 1957 in Sao Paulo ) was a German high school professor and author of a book on the Jewish calendar that is published to this day.


Ludwig Basnizki grew up as the son of the Jewish furniture manufacturer Isak Basnizki (* 1853 in Aleksotas , Lithuania ; † October 31, 1936) and Ernestine nee. Groß (born September 15, 1853 in Odenheim; † March 24, 1933 in Heidelberg ) in Odenheim and Langenbrücken . In 1903 he passed the Abitur at the high school in Karlsruhe . After completing his studies and passing the state examination in 1905, he was accepted into the civil service as a teacher in the civil service. In the following years he taught at secondary schools in Wiesloch , Tauberbischofsheim , Offenburg and Mannheim . During the First World War he was promoted to first lieutenant and received the Iron Cross and the Bavarian Military Merit Order . In 1915 he was appointed high school professor. In 1920 Ludwig Basnizki married Martha Rothschild, the daughter of the Heidelberg doctor Siegmund Rothschild, and settled in Heidelberg. The daughters Dora and Hedwig emerged from this marriage.

From 1922 Ludwig Basnizki taught mathematics, physics and descriptive geometry at the upper secondary school with secondary school in the Kettengasse in Heidelberg. On January 1, 1936, he was forced to retire by the National Socialists . In 1934 he was awarded the Cross of Honor for Frontline Fighters .

Ludwig Basnizki published the book Origin and Structure of the Jewish Calendar in 1938 , which "... has remained the only generally understandable description of this topic in German to this day".

In 1939 he was able to emigrate with his wife via Switzerland to Brazil, where he died in 1957.


Ludwig Basnizki's brother Siegfried (born January 25, 1889 in Langenbrücken), whose wife Margarethe b. Simon (born September 30, 1898 in Pirmasens ), his sister Mina married Lindauer (born June 23, 1887 in Odenheim) and her husband Julius Lindauer (born October 22, 1876 in Esslingen am Neckar ) were murdered by the National Socialists.



  • Günter Heinemann: Dismissed from service in Germany. Ludwig Basnizki, a model of pedagogical incorruptibility . Published by the city of Heidelberg, Heidelberg 1982. (not evaluated)
  • Willy Messmer: Jews from our homeland. History of the Kraichgau Jews from Mingolsheim, Langenbrücken and Malsch , Bad Schönborn 1986, p. 150ff.
  • Basnizki, Ludwig , in: Joseph Walk (ed.): Short biographies on the history of the Jews 1918–1945 . Munich: Saur, 1988, ISBN 3-598-10477-4 , p. 201

Individual evidence

  1. Willy Messmer: Jews of our homeland , p. 151 (accessed on November 21, 2012)
  2. Memorial book of the Federal Archives (accessed on November 21, 2012)
  3. Memorial book of the Federal Archives (accessed on November 21, 2012)
  4. Memorial book of the Federal Archives (accessed on November 21, 2012)
  5. Memorial book of the Federal Archives (accessed on November 21, 2012)