Vladislav Alexandrovich Tretyak

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Soviet UnionSoviet Union  Vladislav Tretyak Ice hockey player
Hockey Hall of Fame , 1989
IIHF Hall of Fame , 1997
Vladislav Tretyak
Date of birth April 25, 1952
place of birth Orudjewo , Moscow Oblast , Russian SFSR
Nickname Man with 1000 hands
size 183 cm
Weight 91 kg
position goalkeeper
Catch hand Left
NHL Entry Draft 1983 , 7th lap, 138th position
Montréal Canadiens
Career stations
1969-1984 HK CSKA Moscow

Vladislav Alexandrovich Tretjak ( Russian Владислав Александрович Третьяк ; born April 25, 1952 in Orudjewo , Moscow Oblast , Russian SFSR ) is a former Russian ice hockey player . With the Soviet national team he was multiple Olympic and world champion. During his active time Tretjak was considered the world's best ice hockey goalkeeper and was nicknamed the "man with a thousand hands" .


Childhood and youth

Vladislav Tretyak was born on April 25, 1952 in a village near Dmitrov . He comes from a Ukrainian family, both of his parents originally came from Sumy . His father was a pilot in the Soviet Air Force for 37 years while his mother worked as a physical education teacher. Like his older brother, he began swimming as a child, but also tried diving and high diving. He and his parents went ice skating in Gorky Park every Sunday .

Later he discovered his mother's old field hockey stick and turned the courtyard and garden of his parents' apartment into an ice hockey practice area. At the age of 11, his mother enrolled him in the children's and youth sports school of the CSKA Moscow , where he was accepted because of his previous knowledge of ice skating. Under coach Witali Jerfilow he first played as a striker. Due to the scarcity of player equipment, he soon switched to the vacant position of goalkeeper, as this immediately gave him a complete set of equipment.

His first injury was at the age of 12 when he was hit in the face by a puck. He did not report the injury immediately for fear of being kicked out of the team.

In the summer of 1967, the head coach of the men's team, Anatoly Tarasov , became interested in Vladimir Tretyak for the first time and made him the fourth goalkeeper to participate in the men's training.

Between December 1967 and the beginning of January 1968, the first U19 European Championship took place in Finland , where Tretjak won the silver medal with the U19 national team. The then U19 national coach, Nikolai Putschkow , characterized Tretjak as an excellent goalkeeper in a newspaper interview: “ In general, I don't compliment young people ... but in this case I make an exception. I have a boy named Wladimir who amazes me with his amazing responsiveness, agility and courage. "

During the 1968/69 season he made his debut in the Soviet championship, the then Class A , for the men's team of CSKA and completed a total of three games by the end of the season. At the same time, he continued to play for the U19 junior team of the Army Sports Club, with which he was awarded the USSR junior championship in 1969 and the best goalkeeper of the U19 juniors. He also took part with the U19 national team at the European Junior Championship in 1969 , where he played two games and won the gold medal.

Promotion to regular goalkeeper at CSKA and Sbornaja

In the 1969/70 season he won his first Soviet championship title with the CSKA and completed 34 of the 44 season games, which sealed his promotion to the goalkeeper - despite his age of 17 years. CSKA ended the season ten points ahead of Spartak Moscow . In December 1969, at the age of 17, he made his debut in the Soviet senior national team , the so-called Sbornaya, at the Izvestia Cup , a national team competition held in Moscow. There the national team competed with two very young goalkeepers - Vladimir Shepovalov at the age of 21 and Wladislav Tretyak. His first international match was the game against Finland , in the further course of the tournament he completed the second half of the game against Canada , the game against Sweden and ten minutes of ice time against Czechoslovakia .

He also won the gold medal at the European Junior Championships in January 1970 . At the Ice Hockey World Championship in Stockholm in 1970 he made his debut in March 1970 as the second goalkeeper behind Wiktor Konovalenko , was used in a total of six games and at the end of the tournament won his first gold medal at the men's world championships with Sbornaja. In January 1971 Tretjak won his third junior European championship, he was also elected to the all-star team of the tournament and named best goalkeeper. At the end of the 1970/71 season he won the Soviet championship with CSKA, was elected to the All-Star Team of the Wysschaya League and won the gold medal at the World Cup in Switzerland . In 1972 Tretjak first took part in the Winter Olympics , which were then held in Sapporo . Over the course of the tournament, the Soviet national team achieved four wins and a 3-3 draw against Sweden, making them their fourth Olympic gold medal since their debut in 1956. For Tretjak it was his first Olympic victory, where he completed four of the five tournament games and thus became the goalkeeper of the Sbornaja.

A few months later, Tretjak won their third national championship in a row with CSKA. At the international level, the national team won the silver medal at the 1972 World Cup after losing to host Czechoslovakia .

International breakthrough at the 1972 Summit Series

Due to the decision of the Canadian Ice Hockey Federation to withdraw from the Ice Hockey World Championships and the Olympic Winter Games in 1970, there was no sporting comparison between the best European team, the Sbornaja, and the best players in the National Hockey League at the beginning of the 1970s . Therefore, a series of eight games between these same opponents was introduced in 1972, which later became known as the Summit Series .

Wladislaw Tretjak was more or less unknown in North America in 1972. He was rated by the Canadian scouts as the weakest link in the Soviet team. This misjudgment is due to the only fact-finding trip by representatives of Team Canada. The scouts Bob Davidson and John McLellan spent only four days in Moscow and saw Tretjak in just a single team-internal game, where he played in the weaker team and allowed a total of eight goals. As Tretjak reported later, he had spent the night before partying because he married the following day and could not really concentrate. He later admitted that maybe this was also a ploy to dup the Canadians .

Before the first game in the series, NHL top goalkeeper Jacques Plante visited Tretyak in the Soviet dressing room to give him tips on how to deal with NHL stars Mahovlich , Esposito , Cournoyer and Henderson . He did so as he expected the Soviet goalkeeper to be humiliated and the Canadians to win a very tall order .

The Canadian team believed their scouts' observations and were confirmed by two early goals at the start of their first game in Montreal. But from the time of the second counter gate itself Tretjak increased, "appeared seemingly out of nowhere," to block to Canadian shots, and frustrated his opponents who constantly him with shots on goal traktierten . Ultimately, the Soviets won the game 7-3.

The Canadian team generated more shots on goal than the Soviets in six of the eight games in the series. In the third third of the fourth game, Tretjak saved all 21 shots on his goal. Tretjak's catch quota of 88.4 percent always gave the Sbornaja the opportunity to win, his actions were spectacular for the conditions at the time. In the last game of the series, Tretjak had to accept a goal from Paul Henderson to make it 6: 5 34 seconds before the end of the game . In retrospect, he described this goal as the "most annoying goal" of his career, as Henderson had recently fallen on the board behind the goal and was only able to appear in front of Tretjak at the right time to take advantage of the ricochet of a previously blocked shot.

Tretjak was celebrated as the outstanding player of the series not only in his home country but also in Canada. His playing style earned him the respect of Canadians and spent hours giving autographs.

International dominance of the Soviet Union in the 1970s

Also in the 1972/73 season , the CSKA was the dominant club in the Soviet league and won the championship with 24 wins, four losses and two draws. Tretyak was again elected to the league's all-star team and was in third place (behind Valery Kharlamov and Vladimir Petrov) in the election for the best player of the season. The 1973 Ice Hockey World Championship took place in Moscow from March 31 to April 15, 1973. The first row of attacks by the Sbornaja, which consisted of CSKA strikers Kharlamov, Petrow and Boris Michailow , dominated the tournament and helped the Soviet Union to score an average of ten goals per game. With only 18 goals conceded in ten games and without a defeat, she ultimately took first place in the world title fights.

In the 1973/74 season , Krylya Sowetow Moscow's team took over the top spot from CSKA in the national championship with an eleven point lead. Tretjak was nevertheless elected to the All-Star-Team and took first place in the election for the best player of the season with 113 points. At the 1974 World Cup, Tretyak won another gold medal with the Sbornaja - with nine wins and one loss against Czechoslovakia. In addition, he was named the best goalkeeper of the tournament, but was not voted into the first all-star team, but rather into the second all-star team by the journalists present.

Tretjak played a total of 482 games for CSKA, in which he allowed 1158 goals.

He played for the USSR 287 times. During this time he and his team won 10 gold, 1 silver and 2 bronze medals at the ice hockey world championships. In 98 games he had conceded an average of only 1.78 goals. His biggest defeat was at the 1980 Winter Olympics in the legendary game ( Miracle on Ice ) against the USA : The game was lost 4-3, and he was replaced by Vladimir Myshkin at the end of the first period from his then coach Viktor Tichonov .

At the Winter Olympics, he and his team won three gold medals and one silver medal. At the Canada Cup in 1981 , which the USSR won, he was voted Most Valuable Player . In 1981, 1982 and 1983 Tretyak was awarded the golden bat by the daily Izvestia as the best European player of the year and, together with Vyacheslav Fetissov , who also won the award three times, is a record winner.

Tretjak wanted to play in the NHL with the Montréal Canadiens from the Canada Cup . In the NHL Entry Draft 1983 he was drawn by them in the 7th round in 138th place. However, this dream burst due to the Iron Curtain . In 1984 he went on strike at CSKA and in the national team. Tikhonov forbade the change and Tretyak ended his career.

As a trainer and functionary

Tretjak and Irina Rodnina light the Olympic flame at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi

On the occasion of the opening ceremony of the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo , he led the Soviet team as the standard bearer.

In 1989 he was the first Soviet ice hockey player ever to be honored with admission to the Hockey Hall of Fame .

Tretjak was a member of the Athletes' Commission of the International Olympic Committee from 1981 to 1991 and worked as a goalkeeping coach for the Chicago Blackhawks from 1991 to 2003 . He was the assistant coach of the Russian national team at several tournaments, including the 1998 and 2002 Winter Olympics.

Tretjak has been a member of the Russian State Duma for the United Russia party since 2003 .

On April 25, 2006, he was appointed President of the Russian Ice Hockey Federation . Only a few days later, on April 28, 2006, he received the Meritorious Service Medal from the Governor General of Canada . This award was given to him for his efforts in Canada-Russian relations.

At the opening of the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi , Tretjak was together with Irina Rodnina the last runner in the Olympic torch relay , which at the end lit the Olympic flame with a torch.

Achievements and Awards


  • 1969 U19 champions of the USSR and U19 goalkeeper of the year
  • 1970 Soviet champion with CSKA Moscow
  • 1971 Soviet champion with CSKA Moscow
  • 1971 All-Star-Team of the Vysschaya League
  • 1972 Soviet champion with CSKA Moscow
  • 1973 Soviet champion with CSKA Moscow
  • 1973 Soviet cup winner
  • 1974 Player of the Year and All-Star Team of the Vysschaya League
  • 1974 Soviet cup winner
  • 1975 Soviet champion with CSKA Moscow
  • 1975 Wysshaya League Player of the Year
  • 1975 Soviet cup winner
  • 1976 Player of the Year in the Vysschaya League
  • 1976 Soviet cup winner
  • 1977 Soviet champion with CSKA Moscow
  • 1977 Soviet cup winner
  • 1978 Soviet champion with CSKA Moscow
  • 1979 Soviet champion with CSKA Moscow
  • 1979 Soviet cup winner
  • 1980 Soviet champion with CSKA Moscow
  • 1981 Soviet champion with CSKA Moscow
  • 1981 Vysschaya League Player of the Year
  • 1982 Soviet champion with CSKA Moscow
  • 1983 Soviet champion with CSKA Moscow
  • 1983 Player of the Year in the Vysschaya League
  • 1984 Soviet champion with CSKA Moscow

European Cup


Tretjak is awarded the Order of Merit for the Fatherland , III. Degree, honored (2012)
In 2017 Tretjak received the Order of Merit for the Fatherland, II degree

Orders and Medals

Career statistics

( Legend for the goalkeeper statistics: GP or Sp = total games; W or S = wins; L or N = defeats; T or U or OT = draws or overtime or shootout defeats; min. = Minutes; SOG or SaT = shots on goal; GA or GT = goals conceded; SO = shutouts ; GAA or GTS = goals conceded ; Sv% or SVS% = catch quota ; EN = empty net goal ; 1  play-downs / relegation ; italics : statistics not complete)

Vysschaya League

season team league Sp Min S. U N GT GTS SO
1968/69 CSKA Moscow Class A 3 180 2 0.67
1969/70 CSKA Moscow Class A 34 2040 76 2.24
1970/71 CSKA Moscow Vysschaya League 40 2140 32 1 7th 81 2.27 3
1971/72 CSKA Moscow Vysschaya League 30th 1800 78 2.6
1972/73 CSKA Moscow Vysschaya League 30th 1800 80 2.67
1973/74 CSKA Moscow Vysschaya League 27 1620 94 3.48
1974/75 CSKA Moscow Vysschaya League 35 2100 104 2.97
1975/76 CSKA Moscow Vysschaya League 33 1980 100 3.03
1976/77 CSKA Moscow Vysschaya League 35 2100 98 2.8
1977/78 CSKA Moscow Vysschaya League 29 1740 72 2.48
1978/79 CSKA Moscow Vysschaya League 40 2400 111 2.78
1979/80 CSKA Moscow Vysschaya League 36 2160 85 2.36
1980/81 CSKA Moscow Vysschaya League 18th 1080 32 1.78
1981/82 CSKA Moscow Vysschaya League 41 2295 34 3 4th 65 1.7 6th
1982/83 CSKA Moscow Vysschaya League 29 1641 25th 1 3 40 1.46 6th
1983/84 CSKA Moscow Vysschaya League 22nd 1267 22nd 0 0 40 1.89 4th


year team event result Sp Min S. U N GT GTS SO
1968 USSR U19 European Championship silver 1 20th 1 3.00 0
1969 USSR U19 European Championship gold 2 2
1970 USSR U19 European Championship gold 2 120 2 0 0 4th 2.00 0
1970 USSR WM gold 6th 215 2 0 0 4th 1.12 1
1971 USSR U19 European Championship gold 3 180 5 1.67
1971 USSR WM gold 5 241 6th 1.49
1972 USSR Olympia gold 4th 240 10 2.50
1972 USSR WM silver 8th 430 15th 2.09
1972 USSR Summit Series - 8th 480 3 1 4th 31 3.88 0
1973 USSR WM silver 7th 420 14th 2.00
1974 USSR WM silver 8th 440 12 1.64
1974 USSR Summit Series - 7th 420 3 3 1 25th 3.57 0
1975 USSR WM gold 8th 449 18th 2.41
1976 USSR Olympia gold 4th 240 10 2.50
1976 USSR WM silver 10 577 19th 1.98
1976 USSR Canada Cup place 3 5 300 2 1 2 14th 2.80 1
1977 USSR WM bronze 9 482 17th 2.12
1978 USSR WM gold 8th 480 21st 2.63
1979 USSR Challenge Cup 2 120 8th 4.00
1979 USSR WM gold 7th 407 12 1.77
1980 USSR Olympia silver 5 220 9 2.45
1981 USSR WM gold 7th 420 13 1.86
1981 USSR Canada Cup 1st place 6th 360 5 1 0 8th 1.33 0
1982 USSR WM gold 8th 464 19th 2.46
1983 USSR WM gold 7th 420 4th 0.57
1984 USSR Olympia gold 6th 360 4th 0.67


Web links

Commons : Wladislaw Tretjak  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. The "man with a thousand hands" now rules Russian ice hockey. In: hockeyweb.de. 2006, accessed August 26, 2019 .
  2. a b "Биография / Детство" ( memento of March 24, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) on tretyak.ru
  3. a b c d e f Legends of Hockey - Spotlight - One on One with Vladislav Tretiak. In: hhof.com. May 18, 2004, accessed August 14, 2019 .
  4. Владислав Третьяк отмечает юбилей. In: ria.ru . April 25, 2007, Retrieved August 14, 2019 (Russian).
  5. Championnat junior d'URSS 1968/69 at hockeyarchives.info (French)
  6. Tournoi des Izvestia (du 1er au 8 decembre 1969 à Moscou, URSS) at hockeyarchives.info (French)
  7. Championnat d'Europe 1971 des moins de 19 ans at hockeyarchives.info (French)
  8. a b Dave Stubbs: After 1972 Summit Series, Vladislav Tretiak keeps Montreal close to his heart. In: nationalpost.com. September 2, 2012, accessed August 23, 2019 .
  9. a b c Vladislav Tretiak: 1972 Summit Series. In: 1972summitseries.com. April 25, 1952. Retrieved August 23, 2019 .
  10. a b SOVIET MASTER: Tretiak May Have Been Greatest Goaltender in History of Hockey. In: latimes.com . February 13, 1987, accessed August 23, 2019 .
  11. Günter Klein: From class struggle to "cool tournament". In: ovb-online.de. Retrieved August 23, 2019 .
  12. Championnats du monde 1973 at hockeyarchives.info (French)
  13. Championnats du monde 1974 at hockeyarchives.info (French)
  14. ^ Stephan Müller: International Ice Hockey Encyclopaedia 2005, p. 8
  15. The Canadian Dream ; Der Spiegel 15/1983 com April 11, 1983, pp. 212-215; Retrieved September 25, 2013
  16. a b c IIHF - Vladislav Tretiak. In: iihf.com. April 25, 1952, accessed August 26, 2019 .
  17. ^ Governor General announces 14 Meritorious Service Decorations ( Memento of May 10, 2006 in the Internet Archive ); Notice from the Office of the Governor General of Canada dated March 27, 2006; Retrieved September 25, 2013.
  18. ^ IIHF Centennial All-Star Team. In: webarchive.iihf.com. Retrieved on August 16, 2019 .
  19. Congratulations to Vladislav Tretyak on his 60th birthday. In: en.kremlin.ru. April 25, 2012, accessed August 26, 2019 .