Canadiens de Montréal

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Canadiens de Montréal
Logo of the Canadiens de Montréal
founding 4th December 1909
history Canadiens de Montréal
since 1909
Stadion Center Bell
Location Montreal , Quebec
Team colors Red, white, blue
league National Hockey League
Conference Eastern Conference
division Atlantic Division
Head coach CanadaCanada Claude Julien
Team captain CanadaCanada Shea Weber
General manager CanadaCanada Marc Bergevin
owner CanadaCanada Molson family
Cooperations Rocket de Laval ( AHL )
Stanley Cups 1915/16 , 1923/24 , 1929/30 ,
1930/31 , 1943/44 , 1945/46 ,
1952/53 , 1955/56 , 1956/57 ,
1957/58 , 1958/59 , 1959/60 ,
1964 / 65 , 1965/66 , 1967/68 ,
1968/69 , 1970/71 , 1972/73 ,
1975/76 , 1976/77 , 1977/78 ,
1978/79 , 1985/86 , 1992/93
Conference title 1975/76 , 1976/77 , 1977/78 ,
1978/79 , 1980/81 , 1985/86 ,
1988/89 , 1992/93
Division title 1927/28 , 1928/29 , 1929/30 ,
1930/31 , 1931/32 , 1936/37 ,
1967/68 , 1968/69 , 1972/73 ,
1974/75 , 1975/76 , 1976/77 ,
1977 / 78 , 1978/79 , 1979/80 ,
1980/81 , 1981/82 , 1984/85 ,
1987/88 , 1988/89 , 1991/92 ,
2007/08 , 2012/13 , 2014/15 ,

The Canadiens de Montréal ( IPA : [ɛ̃ də mɔ̃ʁeˈal] ; English Montreal Canadiens , IPA: [ˌmʌntɚiˈɒ: l kəˈneɪdiənz] ; officially Le Club de Hockey Canadien ) are a Canadian ice hockey franchise of the National Hockey League from Montreal in the Quebec Province . It was founded on December 4, 1909 and is one of the founding members of the league , along with the Montreal Wanderers , Ottawa Senators and Quebec Bulldogs . They are also one of the so-called " Original Six " teams. The team colors are red, white and blue. Because of their origins, the team is also known as "Habs" or "Le Canadien" .

The Canadiens play their home games at the Bell Center and, with a total of 24 Stanley Cup wins, are the most successful franchise in NHL history and one of the most successful in North America . They celebrated one of these triumphs as a member of the National Hockey Association and thus before the founding of the NHL. The team had its most successful period between 1952 and 1979, when many of the titles were won with numerous later members of the Hockey Hall of Fame .


The Malone Vezina Era (1909 to 1923)

The owner of the Renfrew Creamery Kings , John Ambrose O'Brien , came to Montreal in 1909 to participate in the Canadian Hockey Association (CHA) for his team as well as the Cobalt Silver Kings and the Haileybury Hockey Club , with whom Renfrew played in a league to apply. Those responsible refused and so it came to a contact with Jimmy Gardner , the owner of the Montreal Wanderers . The Wanderers had also been refused entry and so O'Brien and Gardner considered setting up their own league. In order to have a competitor for the Wanderers in the league in Montreal, the financially strong O'Brien should found a team for the French-speaking part of the citizens of Montreal. O'Brien, who did not have the necessary contacts in Montreal, was convinced that he only had to sign Jack Laviolette and that he would take care of all necessary sporting matters. O'Brien consented, even if he wanted the new team to pass the Canadiens on as soon as possible.

Jack Laviolette was the Canadiens' first trainer and general manager

Laviolette, who acted as player-coach and general manager, was the backbone of the new team's defense on the ice. With Newsy Lalonde and Didier “Cannonball” Pitre he was able to win strong players for the team for the attack . With the National Hockey Association (NHA) started a competition league to the CHA. A few weeks after the start of the 1909/10 season, some CHA teams joined the NHA and the CHA was dissolved.

On January 5th they played their first game and met the Cobalt Silver Kings in their home Jubilee Arena and won 7-6.

The following year the team was sold to George Kennedy . He changed the team color from blue to red.

In 1914 the Canadiens played for the first time as a member of the NHA in their famous red jerseys with the blue chest ring. A red "C" was emblazoned on the chest ring, as is still the case today. The only difference was that the "C" back then had an "A" instead of the current "H".

In the season 1915/16 they won for the first time the Stanley Cup as they the Portland Rosebuds beat in the final. The following year they moved into the finals again, but where they were defeated by the Seattle Metropolitans .

In 1917, today's Canadiens crest appeared on the players' jerseys for the first time, and in the same year they and four other teams left the NHA and founded the NHL. The reason for this was a long-standing dispute with the owner of the Toronto blueshirt Edward J. Livingstone . Canadiens owner Kennedy and his colleagues formed an alliance that would have been enough to expel Livingstone from the NHA, but this would have resulted in long aftermath in court. So it was decided to found a new league and leave Livingstone alone in the NHA. Kennedy was the driving force behind the young NHL. So he gave Tommy Gorman the money to buy the Ottawa Senators who were in trouble.

Newsy Lalonde , wearing the Club Athletique-Canadien jersey, was part of the team as early as 1910

The Canadiens moved from the Jubilee Arena to the Montreal Arena , but returned to the old place of work when the Montréal Arena burned down in January 1918. Outstanding players with the Canadiens in the first year were Joe Malone , who scored 44 goals, which was only achieved again 27 years later, and goalkeeper Georges Vezina , who succeeded in the first shutout in NHL history on February 18, 1918. At the end of the regular season, the Canadiens and the Toronto Arenas were in first place in the table. In the playoffs , however, the Canadiens failed at the arenas. It would have been the first of many playoff series between them and the Arenas, which were later renamed Toronto Maple Leafs .

In 1919 they reached the final of the Stanley Cup as representatives of the NHL, which at that time was between the two best teams in the NHL and the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA). After five games, the winner between Seattle and Montréal should be determined, but both teams had won two games and one ended in a draw. There was no sixth game because of the outbreak of the Spanish flu . Already in the fifth game, almost the entire squad of the Canadiens consisted of sick players. Team owner Kennedy tried raise players for the sixth game, but many former players the Canadiens were in Europe and fought in the First World War . Since not enough players were available, the sixth game was canceled because the Canadiens were forbidden to take players from the Victoria Cougars into the squad. The Seattle Metropolitans were supposed to be declared winners, but their coaches did not accept the victory, which is why the Stanely Cup final in 1919 was officially without a winner. Montréal striker Joe Hall died of the Spanish flu five days after the final series was abandoned.

In addition to this painful loss, the team had also the departure of Joe Malone cope with that during his time in Montreal under contract with the inactive franchise of the Quebec Bulldogs stand, and returned when the team into playing, had to Malone to his old team. In addition, the Jubilee Arena burned down in the summer of 1919 and a new one was built with the Mount Royal Arena .

Team owner George Kennedy died of the consequences of the Spanish flu in 1921 and his widow sold the team to Léo Dandurand , Joseph Cattarinich and Louis Letourneau .

Aurel Joliat was one of the top scorers from 1922 to 1938

Howie Morenz and "Rocket" Richard (1923–1950)

In 1924 the Canadiens were able to win the Stanley Cup again, with players like Howie Morenz , Aurel Joliat and Billy Boucher . In a newly created playoff format, they beat the Calgary Tigers of the Western Canada Hockey League (WCHL) and the Vancouver Maroons of the PCHA. The PCHA then stopped the game and the following year the Canadiens played in the final against the Victoria Cougars from the WCHL, which emerged successfully from the meeting.

At the beginning of the 1925-26 season , goalkeeper Georges Vezina collapsed during a game. He was then diagnosed with advanced tuberculosis , from which he died in March 1926. The Canadiens finished last in the season. He was then replaced by George Hainsworth , who began his NHL career at the age of 31. But he was absolutely convincing and from 1927 to 1929 was awarded the Vezina Trophy created in honor of Georges Vezina for the goalkeeper with the fewest goals conceded.

In 1926/27 , the team moved to the Montréal Forum , where they would play for the next 70 years, as there were problems with the ice in the Mount Royal Arena. It was also the first season in which the Stanley Cup was played exclusively among the teams of the NHL.

In the 1929/30 season , the Canadiens were able to win the Stanley Cup again when they beat the seemingly overpowering Boston Bruins . In 1931 they could celebrate their fourth Stanley Cup triumph after victories over the Bruins, the Ottawa Senators and the Chicago Blackhawks .

At the beginning of the 1930s, the Canadiens superstars weakened and Howie Morenz was transferred to the Chicago Blackhawks after complaining about excessive expectations on the part of the fans. The team reached its low point in 1935/36 , with the worst season result in the history of the franchise. The NHL then gave the Canadiens the rights to all French Canadians for the next two years and Howie Morenz returned to the team. The team immediately recovered from the downturn and finished the regular season in second place. But the season was shaken by tragedy when Howie Morenz died on March 8, 1937. On January 28, he broke several legs in a game. A thrombosis developed in the broken leg, which eventually led to a stroke .

Thereupon came again weaker years for the Canadiens and in the spring of 1940 discussions arose that the franchise might be dissolved. With the owner of the Toronto Maple Leafs Conn Smythe , it was a rather unpopular person in Montréal who helped the Canadiens. Many teams had to be dissolved because of the bad economy and many worried that the league would not survive the dissolution of the most traditional teams. Smythe took over the Canadian Arena Company in 1940, which had bought the Canadiens five years earlier, and hired coach Dick Irvin , who had coached the Maple Leafs very successfully , for the team .

The team in 1942

Irvin quickly led the team back to success and built the "Punch Line" with Maurice Richard , Toe Blake and Elmer Lach , which led the Canadiens to 1944 again to win the Stanley Cup. Richard in particular stood out in the years that followed, succeeding the late Howie Morenz as a great goalscorer and one of the NHL's greatest superstars, dubbed "Rocket". In the 1944/45 season he made NHL history when he became the first player to score 50 goals in 50 games , a mark that could only be reached again over 30 years later.

During the season, the Canadiens lost in the semi-finals of the playoffs against Toronto, but in 1946 the Stanley Cup went back to Montréal. The following year, despite the Hart Memorial Trophy for Maurice Richard as the most valuable player of the 1946/47 season , they again had to admit defeat to the Maple Leafs, this time in the final of the Stanley Cup.

The best team in NHL history (1950 to 1960)

The end of the forties was not very successful, once they even missed the playoffs, but with the beginning of the fifties the most successful phase in the history of Montreal Canada began. From 1951 to 1960 they reached the finals every year and were able to win the Stanley Cup six times, from 1956 to 1960 five times in a row. The composition of the team at the time is considered to be likely the best team that has ever played in the NHL. In 1955, Toe Blake followed Dick Irvin as head coach, with new players such as Jean Béliveau , Dickie Moore , Doug Harvey , Bernie Geoffrion and goalkeeper Jacques Plante , who was one of the first goalkeepers to wear a mask in 1959. Superstar Maurice "Rocket" Richard also belonged to the team, as did his 15 years younger brother Henri Richard , also known as "Pocket Rocket".

In this successful decade, the whole of Montréal was swept away by the team and an obsession developed on the part of the fans. The got out of control when Maurice Richard had attacked a linesman in a game against the Boston Bruins on March 13, 1955 and he was suspended for the rest of the playoffs. After the following game against the Detroit Red Wings on March 17, the Canadiens rioted in the streets of Montréal, causing a million dollar property damage. The Canadiens were then defeated in the final of the playoffs against the Red Wings, who were able to win their last Stanley Cup for the following 42 years.

In 1956, the Canadiens formed a farm team in Peterborough , Ontario . The Peterborough Petes are still active in the Canadian Junior League OHL today .

New era and expansion (1960 to 1970)

Maurice Richard ended his career in 1960, but the team was aiming for the sixth Stanley Cup victory in a row, but they were defeated by the Chicago Blackhawks in the semifinals. In the next three seasons, too, the early end of the season should come in the semi-finals, once again against Chicago and twice against arch rivals from Toronto. In 1965 they won the Stanley Cup again and defended the title the following year.

In 1967 the world exhibition EXPO was a guest in Montréal and the Canadiens promised to win the Stanley Cup again to present it in the pavilion of their home province of Québec. They also made it back to the final as the top favorite, but met Toronto there and lost. It should have been the last final of the Maple Leafs so far.

In the summer of 1967, the NHL was increased and the Pittsburgh Penguins , Oakland Seals , Minnesota North Stars , Philadelphia Flyers , St. Louis Blues and the Los Angeles Kings joined the league. The best start to the now twelve-team NHL was the St. Louis Blues, who made it to the Stanley Cup finals in 1968 and 1969 , but the cup went to Montréal both times. In 1970 , the Canadiens narrowly missed the playoffs, level on points with the New York Rangers . In the last game of the regular season, the Boston Bruins led against the Canadiens, who took out their goalkeeper eight minutes before the end of the game to equalize with an attacking storm. The venture failed, however, as they received several hits in their vacant goal and did not even hit a single time.

The Lafleur-Dryden Era (1970 to 1980)

But the team returned to their old strength in the 1970/71 season and won the final of the Stanley Cup against the Chicago Blackhawks. Jean Béliveau played the last season of his career, with Frank Mahovlich they had another star player in their own ranks and goalkeeper Ken Dryden , who spent his first year in the NHL and had only played six games in the regular season, was the sure backing of the Teams in the playoffs and was immediately awarded the Conn Smythe Trophy as MVP of the playoffs. Coach Al MacNeil , however, had to vacate his chair as he was accused of preferring the English-speaking players.

With Guy Lafleur , another talent came into the team in 1972 and in 1973 they again won the most important trophy in ice hockey. In 1974 and 1975 the Canadiens failed in the quarter and semi-finals. But under the leadership of coaching legend Scotty Bowman began another dominant phase of the Montreal Canadiens with the 1975/76 season . Against the Philadelphia Flyers, who won the title in the previous two years, the Canadiens won the final. Led by top scorer Guy Lafleur and other players such as Yvan Cournoyer , Frank Mahovlich , Serge Savard , Steve Shutt , Guy Lapointe , Larry Robinson and goalkeeper Dryden, the team dominated the final series against the Flyers.

Lafleur in particular stood out during the period when he managed more than 100 points each for six consecutive seasons and scored at least 50 goals per season. In 1976/77 the Canadiens lost only eight of 80 games, making NHL history once again. The dominance continued in the playoffs and by 1979 they could still win three Stanley Cups.

In 1979 the World Hockey Association (WHA), a competitive league founded in 1972, disbanded . The Edmonton Oilers , Hartford Whalers , Winnipeg Jets and the Québec Nordiques from the WHA were supposed to be taken over by the NHL, but the Canadiens along with the other two Canadian teams Toronto Maple Leafs and Vancouver Canucks protested because they now have their TV broadcasts should have shared with the Nordiques, the Oilers, and the Jets. The protest was unsuccessful and the four teams became part of the NHL.

Young players, successes and defeats (1980 to 1995)

Many Canadiens players, who were responsible for the successes in previous years, ended their careers in the early 1980s, while others were transferred to other teams. With Bob Gainey , Larry Robinson and Guy Lafleur, the club retained some veterans. New players such as Guy Carbonneau and Mats Näslund have been brought in . Other young talents such as defender Chris Chelios and goalkeeper Patrick Roy joined the team in the mid-1980s. These players formed the basis of the team that played out another Stanley Cup win in the 1985/86 season against the Calgary Flames . It should be the only win of the coveted trophy in that decade. Although the Canadiens reached the final again in 1989 , this time the Flames were the winning team.

After three average seasons, the Canadiens won their 24th Stanley Cup victory in 1993 against the Los Angeles Kings around superstar Wayne Gretzky . The championship team at that time included John LeClair , Éric Desjardins , Denis Savard , Vincent Damphousse and goalkeeper Patrick Roy, who was again named the most valuable player in the playoffs as in 1986.

A low point was reached just two years later when the team missed the playoffs for the first time in 25 years. A few months later in December 1995, the Canadiens lost in their own stadium against the Detroit Red Wings 1:11. As if this defeat wasn't bad enough, goalkeeper Roy also said after the game that he would no longer play for Montréal. The reason for this was the decision by head coach Mario Tremblay Roy to only take it out of the game after conceding the ninth goal. Shortly afterwards he was transferred to the Colorado Avalanche together with Mike Keane , for which Jocelyn Thibault , Andrei Kowalenko and Martin Ručínský came to Montréal. Six months later, Roy was to hold his third Stanley Cup in his hands.

Rebuilding with obstacles (since 1995)

On March 11, 1996, the Canadiens said goodbye to the Montréal Forum, where they had played for 70 years, with a win against the Dallas Stars . The Stars were chosen as opponents for the last game, as the former Canadiens Guy Carbonneau and Bob Gainey were active as players and general managers for the Stars at that time. In a ceremony, almost all of the surviving team captains came out on the ice in their jerseys. Émile Bouchard , who had taken over the office of captain in 1948, handed a torch to his successor Maurice Richard, and so the torch went through Jean Béliveau, Henri Richard, Yvan Cournoyer, Serge Savard, Bob Gainey, Guy Carbonneau to the then acting captain Pierre Turgeon about. Only three of the captains still alive were absent as Chris Chelios , Mike Keane and Kirk Muller had to play with their own teams.

The new home of the Canadiens became the Molson Center, now known as the Center Bell . In their new stadium, the team initially suffered a few failures. After failing early in the playoffs in the first few years, they missed the finals from 1999 to 2001. In 2001 there were even brief conversations that the team would be relocated when the Molson family wanted to sell the team, and there was only one serious buyer, the American George N. Gillett . Gillett eventually won the bid and bought the team, but had to promise the NHL that the franchise would remain in Montréal.

More negative news came in the fall of 2001 when it became known that team captain Saku Koivu had cancer. Koivu underwent cancer treatment but was able to return at the end of the regular season and helped the team reach the second round in the playoffs. Outstanding player in the season was goalkeeper José Théodore , who was recognized as the most valuable player and best goalkeeper in the NHL.

Former captain Saku Koivu talking to the referees

Another bad season you had to accept in 2002/03 when you missed the playoffs again.

On November 22, 2003, it was the Canadiens again who were involved in a historic event . At the Commonwealth Stadium in Edmonton , the NHL Heritage Classic 2003 was the NHL's first outdoor game. In addition to the league game between the Canadiens and the Edmonton Oilers, which Montréal won 4-3, a game between former greats of both teams took place in front of the 55,000 spectators. One of the most famous pictures of the Heritage Classic was the goalie José Théodores, who wore a woolen hat over his goalkeeper mask as the temperatures were well below freezing point.

In January 2006, head coach Claude Julien was dismissed and general manager Bob Gainey took over the post as a temporary solution. Shortly before the end of the transfer window in March, goalkeeper José Théodore was transferred to the Colorado Avalanche. Théodore could not build on the performances of his great 2001/02 season when he was the most valuable player and best goalkeeper and especially in the 2005/06 season he showed significant weaknesses. The Canadiens received Swiss goalkeeper David Aebischer in exchange . The Frenchman Cristobal Huet , who kept his goal clean seven times in 36 games , was able to shine in the season .

In the 2006/07 season the Canadiens started well and were on the playoff course halfway through the season. Defender Sheldon Souray and regular goalkeeper Cristobal Huet stood out in particular , while new signing Sergei Samsonov largely disappointed. But then the team began to falter. An injury to goalkeeper Huet also contributed to the fact that the Canadiens fell out of the playoff ranks and had to fight for participation in the finals. In March 2007 they stabilized again, for which the young substitute goalkeeper Jaroslav Halák was partly responsible. After 81 games, the Canadiens were back on a playoff place and had to compete in the last game against arch rivals from Toronto, who also had a chance of the playoffs. In a dramatic game, the Canadiens were only 1: 3 behind, but turned the game around within a few minutes thanks to a hat trick from Michael Ryder and finally led 5: 3, before the Maple Leafs shortly before the end of the second period to 5: 4 shortened. Due to penalties that were pronounced against the Canadiens, they had to start outnumbered in the last third and the Maple Leafs managed to turn the tide again in a short time to take a 5-6 lead. The rest of the game were only the Canadiens on the offensive, but they did not manage to equalize, which is why they missed the playoffs in the end.


The Bell Center, currently the home of the Canadiens

The Canadiens have played their home games since 1996 in the Center Bell , a multifunctional arena that can hold 21,273 spectators . Until 2002 the hall was named Center Molson , after the Canadian brewery Molson , which is closely associated with the Canadiens. Telecommunications company Bell Canada currently holds the naming rights to the arena and pays 64 million US dollars for the entire duration of 20 years. These are valid until 2023. The arena is the largest hall of all 30 NHL arenas in terms of seats.

From 1909 the games were played in the Jubilee Arena , but later the team also played several games in the Montreal Arena , which burned down in 1918. In 1920 the Canadiens moved to the Mount Royal Arena , which held 10,000 spectators. Six years later, they moved to the Montréal Forum , which was originally built for local rivals, the Montreal Maroons . However, the larger spectator capacity and the better comfort also made the Canadiens move after the contract with the Mount Royal Arena had expired. After the Maroons dissolved, the Canadiens became the sole users of the forum. After more and more teams started playing their games in ultra-modern multifunctional arenas in the 1990s, the Canadiens decided to take this step too, as it was 72 years old by then.


Current jersey design

The Canadiens de Montréal have played in red and white jerseys since the time of the Original Six, which have only changed minimally over the years. Significant for the red jersey is a blue and white stripe on the sleeve at the level of the elbow and a chest stripe in the colors blue and white, on which the team logo is located, which determines the chest area on all NHL teams. The shoulder of the white jersey is red, below the chest logo there is a small stripe in blue, white and red.

The most important change to the jersey design for the 2007/08 season was a league-wide change of supplier, but the design of the Canadiens jerseys, like all other teams in the Original Six, did not change anything apart from minimal deviations. According to the regulations of the league, the home jersey has to be designed in a dark basic color and the away jersey in a light basic color since 2003 . For the equipment of the Canadiens this means that the team plays in the red jerseys for home games and in the white jerseys for away games.

Nickname "Habs"

The name "Habs" is a short form of "les habitants". The first French settlers in North America are called “les habitants”. A connection to the only NHL team from the French-speaking Québec is an obvious one. Despite this obvious connection, the name only became the Canadiens' nickname through a mistake. In 1924, then-owner of Madison Square Garden Tex Rickard told a journalist that the H in the Canadiens logo would stand for Habitants. In fact, the letters in the logo stand for “Club de Hockey Canadien”.

Achievements and honors

Sporting successes

Stanley Cups
1915/16 , 1923/24 , 1929/30 , 1930/31 , 1943/44 , 1945/46 , 1952/53 , 1955/56 ,
1956/57 , 1957/58 , 1958/59 , 1959/60 , 1964 / 65 , 1965/66 , 1967/68 , 1968/69 ,
1970/71 , 1972/73 , 1975/76 , 1976/77 , 1977/78 , 1978/79 , 1985/86 , 1992/93
Conference Championships season
Prince of Wales Trophy 1923/24 , 1924/25 , 1943/44 *, 1944/45 *, 1945/46 *,
1946/47 *, 1955/56 *, 1957/58 *, 1958/59 *, 1959/60 *,
1960 / 61 *, 1961/62 *, 1963/64 *, 1965/66 *, 1967/68 ,
1968/69 , 1972/73 , 1975/76 , 1976/77 , 1977/78 ,
1978/79 , 1980/81 , 1985/86 , 1988/89 , 1992/93
Division Championships season
Canadian Division 1927/28 , 1928/29 , 1930/31 , 1931/32 , 1936/37
Eastern Division 1967/68 , 1968/69 , 1972/73 ,
Norris Division 1974/75 , 1975/76 , 1976/77 , 1977/78 , 1978/79 ,
1979/80 , 1980/81
Adams Division 1981/82 , 1984/85 , 1987/88 , 1988/89 , 1991/92
Northeast Division 2007/08 , 2012/13
Atlantic Division 2014/15 , 2016/17

* In the time of the " Original Six " only one division was played. The best team of the
regular season received the Prince of Wales Trophy .

Furthermore, nine finals, as well as a series of finals 1918/19 against the Seattle Metropolitans , which was canceled when the score was 2 to 2 games after a flu epidemic and the death of the player Joe Hall .

Player trophies

Art Ross Trophy

Bill Masterton Memorial Trophy

Calder Memorial Trophy

Conn Smythe Trophy

Frank J. Selke Trophy

Hart Memorial Trophy

Jack Adams Award

James Norris Memorial Trophy

Lady Byng Memorial Trophy

Lester B. Pearson / Ted Lindsay Award

NHL Plus / Minus Award

Roger Crozier Saving Grace Award

Vezina Trophy

William M. Jennings Trophy

In-team trophies

In addition to the player trophies officially awarded by the National Hockey League , the Montréal Canadiens also award three internal team trophies to their players.

The Molson Cup ( French . Coupe Molson ) is to one of the key team sponsors, the Molson named brewery. At the end of the regular season, each of the six Canadian NHL franchises internally awards the Molson Cup as an internal team trophy to the player who was most frequently chosen among the so-called "three stars" of a game. The Molson Cup has been awarded since the 1972/73 season . The most frequent winners were Guy Lafleur , who won the trophy seven times, as well as Patrick Roy and José Théodore , each with four Molson Cups.

Another team-internal trophy of the Canadiens is the Jacques Beauchamp Trophy (French Trophée Jacques Beauchamp ), which has been awarded since the 1981/82 season to a player of the team who has made a decisive contribution to the team's success without having been specially honored for it. The winner of the Jacques Beauchamp Trophy is chosen by journalists from Montréal. With four awards each, Craig Ludwig and Mike McPhee received the trophy the most. Benoît Brunet and Mark Streit each received the trophy three times.

The Jean Béliveau Trophy (fr. Jean Béliveau Trophy ) is since the 2004/05 season, each awarded in September to the player who has rendered outstanding services through special commitment within the organization. Saku Koivu was the first player to receive the trophy. In 2008 , Alexei Kowaljow received the award.

NHL All-Star Game Nominations

From the ranks of the Canadiens, 96 field players and 14 goalkeepers were in the squad in an all-star game. This also takes into account the three benefit games that were played before the introduction of the NHL All-Star Game . The field players came to 291 missions in which they scored 58 goals and 100 assists. The goalkeepers also bring in 38 missions. It should be noted that the Canadiens competed in the Babe Siebert Memorial Game as well as seven times as Stanley Cup winners with their entire team between 1953 and 1967. 35 players were only used in the Canadiens team. Three Canadiens rookies were in the squad for the YoungStars Game, which was played from 2002 to 2009.

Abbreviations: GP = games, G = goals, A = assists,
Pts = points

Surname from ... to GP G A. Pts
Maurice Richard 1947-1959 13 7th 2 9
Jean Béliveau 1953-1969 13 4th 3 7th
Bernie Geoffrion 1952-1963 11 1 2 3
Claude Provost 1956-1967 11 1 2 3
Henri Richard 1956-1974 10 4th 5 9
Doug Harvey 1951-1960 10 1 6th 7th
Larry Robinson 1974-1989 9 1 8th 9
Tom Johnson 1952-1960 7th 0 2 2
JC Tremblay 1959-1972 7th 0 2 2
Jean-Guy Talbot 1956-1967 7th 0 1 1

With 13 appearances each for the Canadiens, Maurice Richard and Jean Béliveau are the players who can look back on the most appearances in the team's history. Richard represented Montréal in the first 13 All-Star Games in a row, five of which were on the Canadiens-only team. Larry Robinson surpasses him with nine appearances in the All-Star Team, however, by one. Richard and Robinson both had nine scorer points. Richard's seven goals and Robinson's eight assists are records for players from Montréal.

Before the official All-Star Games, there were three benefit games in which players from the Canadiens also took part. In the first, the Ace Bailey Benefit Game , the Canadiens were represented by Howie Morenz and Aurel Joliat . Morenz scored a goal prepared by Joliat. The death of Morenz was the occasion for the Howie Morenz Memorial Game in 1937 in which a selection of players from the Canadiens and the Montreal Maroons competed against the NHL All-Stars. In this game, Babe met Siebert , who drowned in a swimming accident two years later. The third benefit game was organized for him.

In the 1st National Hockey League All-Star Game in 1947, four Canadiens players were on the All-Star team. In addition to goalkeeper Bill Durnan , these were the defenders Émile Bouchard and Ken Reardon and the attacker Maurice Richard. Reardon prepared the first two hits. Richard scored the third goal before assisting the decisive fourth goal.

After two appearances in the charity games, Montréal was not host until the 7th National Hockey League All-Star Game in 1953. From 1956 to 1960, the Canadiens hosted the All-Star Game five times in a row as defending champions. Also in 1965, 1967 and 1969, winning the Stanley Cup brought the game to Montréal. After this rule was repealed, the All-Star-Game appeared again in the city in 1975. It wasn't until 18 years later, in 1993 , that the Montréal Forum hosted an NHL All-Star Game for the 13th and final time. In the current stadium of the Canadiens, the Bell Center , is 2009 for the first time held the All-Star Game.

With five assists in the All-Star Game in 1988 , Mats Näslund set an unprecedented record in All-Star Games.

Since the most valuable player in the All-Star Game was chosen in 1962, he has come from the ranks of the Canadiens five times. In 1964, Jean Béliveau became the first player from Montréal to receive this award. This was followed by Henri Richard in 1967, Pete Mahovlich in 1976, Mark Recchi in 1997 and Alexei Kowaljow in 2009.

In addition to the All-Star Games, there were three other occasions where the NHL provided an All-Star team. At the 1972 Summit Series came from the Canadiens goalkeeper Ken Dryden , the defenders Serge Savard and Guy Lapointe and the strikers Yvan Cournoyer and the brothers Pete and Frank Mahovlich used. At the Challenge Cup 1979 were again Ken Dryden, Guy Lapointe and Serge Savard in the squad. Then there were Larry Robinson, Guy Lafleur , Bob Gainey and Steve Shutt . As with the first two series, at Rendez-vous '87 the Soviet national team was opponent of the NHL team, which had three players from Montréal in its ranks: Rick Green , Chris Chelios and Claude Lemieux .

Season statistics

Franchise records


Maurice Richard scored the most goals in the
Habs shirt
Surname number
Most games Henri Richard 1,256 (in 20 seasons)
Most consecutive games Doug Jarvis 560 (October 8, 1975 to April 4, 1982)
Most goals Maurice Richard 544
Most templates Guy Lafleur 728
Most of the points Guy Lafleur 1,246 (518 goals + 728 assists)
Most penalty minutes Chris Nilan 2,248
Most shutouts George Hainsworth 75


Surname number season
Most goals Steve Shutt 60 1976/77
Guy Lafleur 1977/78
Most templates Pete Mahovlich 82 1974/75
Most of the points Guy Lafleur 136 (56 goals + 80 assists) 1976/77
Most points as a rookie Mats Näslund 71 (26 goals + 45 assists) 1982/83
Kjell Dahlin 71 (32 goals + 39 assists) 1985/86
Most points as a defender Larry Robinson 85 (19 goals + 66 assists) 1976/77
Most penalty minutes Chris Nilan 358 1984/85
Most wins as a goalkeeper Carey Price 44 2014/15


National Hockey Association (1909-1917)

Abbreviations: GC = games, W = wins, L = defeats, T = draws, Pts = points,
Pts% = point quota

Surname season Regular season Playoffs
GC W. L. T Pts Pts% GC W. L.
Jack Laviolette 1909/10 12 2 10 0 4th .167 - - -
Adolphe Lecours 1910/11 16 8th 8th 0 16 .500 - - -
Napoleon Dorval 1911 / 12-1912 / 13 38 17th 21st 0 34 .447 - - -
Jimmy Gardner 1913 / 14-1914 / 15 40 19th 21st 0 38 .475 2 1 1
Newsy Lalonde 1915/16–1916/17 44 26th 17th 1 53 .602 11 5 6th

* Change during the current season

Early NHL Years (1917-1940)

Surname season Regular season Playoffs
GC W. L. T Pts Pts% GC W. L.
Newsy Lalonde 1917/18–1921/22 * 95 51 44 0 102 .537 12 7th 4th
Léo Dandurand 1921/22 * -1925/26 138 66 66 6th 138 .500 12 8th 4th
Cecil Hart 1926 / 27-1931 / 32 268 148 72 48 344 .552 29 13 12
Newsy Lalonde 1932 / 33–1934 / 35 * 112 45 53 14th 104 .464 4th 0 2
Léo Dandurand 1934/35 * 32 14th 15th 3 31 .437 2 0 2
Sylvio Mantha 1935/36 48 11 26th 11 33 .344 - - -
Cecil Hart 1936 / 37–1938 / 39 * 126 48 53 25th 121 .590 8th 3 5
Jules Dugal 1938/39 * 18th 9 6th 3 21st .583 3 1 2
Pit Lépine 1939/40 48 10 33 5 25th .260 - - -

Original Six and Expansion Years (1940 to 1979)

Surname season Regular season Playoffs
GC W. L. T Pts Pts% GC W. L.
Dick Irvin 1940 / 41–1954 / 55 896 431 313 152 1014 .566 115 62 53
Toe Blake 1955 / 56–1967 / 68 914 500 255 159 1159 .634 119 82 37
Claude Ruel 1968 / 69–1970 / 71 * 175 95 49 31 221 .631 14th 12 2
Al MacNeil 1970/71 * 55 31 15th 9 71 .645 20th 12 8th
Scotty Bowman 1971 / 72–1978 / 79 634 419 110 105 943 .744 98 70 28

Post Challenge Cup era (since 1980)

Surname season Regular season Playoffs
GC W. L. T OTL Pts Pts% GC W. L.
Bernie Geoffrion 1979/80 * 30th 15th 9 6th - 36 .500 - - -
Claude Ruel 1979/80 * -1980 / 81 130 77 33 20th - 174 .592 13 6th 7th
Bob Berry 1981 / 82–1983 / 84 * 223 116 71 36 - 268 .520 8th 2 6th
Jacques Lemaire 1983/84 * -1984 / 85 97 48 37 12 - 108 .495 27 15th 12
Jean Perron 1985 / 86-1987 / 88 240 126 84 30th - 282 .525 48 30th 18th
Pat Burns 1988 / 89-1991 / 92 320 174 104 42 - 390 .544 56 30th 26th
Jacques Demers 1992 / 93–1995 / 96 * 220 107 86 27 - 241 .486 27 19th 8th
Jacques Laperrière ** 1995/96 * 1 0 1 0 - 0 .000 - - -
Mario Tremblay 1995/96 * -1996 / 97 159 71 63 25th - 167 .447 11 3 8th
Alain Vigneault 1997 / 98–2000 / 01 * 266 109 118 35 4th 257 .410 10 4th 6th
Michel Therrien 2000/01 * - 2002/03 * 190 77 77 23 13 190 .405 12 6th 6th
Claude Julien 2002/03 * –2005/06 * 159 72 62 10 15th 169 .453 11 4th 7th
Bob Gainey ** 2005/06 * 41 23 15th 0 3 49 .561 6th 2 4th
Guy Carbonneau 2006 / 07–2008 / 09 * 230 124 83 - 23 271 .589 12 5 7th
Bob gainey 2008/09 * 16 6th 6th - 4th 16 .500 4th 0 4th
Jacques Martin 2009 / 10–2011 / 12 * 196 96 75 - 25th 217 .553 26th 12 14th
Randy Cunneyworth ** 2011/12 * 50 18th 23 - 9 45 .450 - - -
Michel Therrien 2012 / 13–2016 / 17 * 352 194 121 - 37 425 .604 34 17th 17th
Claude Julien since 2016/17 * 188 89 77 - 22nd 200 .532 6th 2 4th

** Interim trainer

General manager

Surname season
Jack Laviolette 1909/10
Joseph Cattarinich
George Kennedy 1910 / 11–1920 / 21
Léo Dandurand 1921 / 22-1934 / 35
Ernes Savard 1935/36 *
Cecil Hart 1935/36 * -1938/39
Jules Dugal 1939/40
Tommy Gorman 1940 / 41–1945 / 46
Surname season
Frank J. Selke 1946 / 47–1963 / 64
Sam Pollock 1964/65–1977/78
Irving Grundman 1978 / 79-1982 / 83
Serge Savard 1983 / 84–1995 / 96 *
Réjean Houle 1995/96 * –2000 / 01 *
André Savard 2000/01 * - 2002/03
Bob Gainey 2003 / 04–2009 / 10 *
Pierre Gauthier 2009 / 10–2011 / 12 *
Marc Bergevin since 2011/12

* Change during the current season


Squad of the 2018/19 season

Status: February 24, 2020

No. Nat. player Item Date of birth in org. since place of birth
39 United StatesUnited States Charlie Lindgren G 18th December 1993 2016 Lakeville , Minnesota , USA
31 CanadaCanada Carey Price G August 16, 1987 2007 Anahim Lake , British Columbia , Canada
8th CanadaCanada Ben Chiarot D. 0May 9, 1991 2019 Hamilton , Ontario , Canada
20th CanadaCanada Cale Fleury D. November 19, 1998 2018 Regina , Saskatchewan , Canada
32 SwedenSweden Christian Folin D. 0February 9, 1991 2019 Gothenburg , Sweden
77 CanadaCanada Brett Kulak D. 0January 6, 1994 2018 Edmonton , Alberta , Canada
53 CanadaCanada Victor Mete D. 0June 7, 1998 2017 Toronto , Ontario , Canada
26th United StatesUnited States Jeff Petry D. 0December 9, 1987 2015 Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA
6th CanadaCanada Shea WeberC. D. August 14, 1985 2016 Sicamous , British Columbia , Canada
40 FinlandFinland Joel Armia RW May 31, 1993 2015 Pori , Finland
41 CanadaCanada Paul ByronA. LW April 27, 1989 2015 Ottawa , Ontario , Canada
24 CanadaCanada Phillip Danault LW February 24, 1993 2016 Victoriaville , Quebec , Canada
13 CanadaCanada Max Domi LW 0March 2, 1995 2018 Winnipeg , Manitoba , Canada
92 CanadaCanada Jonathan Drouin Injured.svg LW March 27, 1995 2017 Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts , Québec , Canada
11 CanadaCanada Brendan GallagherA RW 0May 6, 1992 2011 Edmonton , Alberta , Canada
15th FinlandFinland Jesperi Kotkaniemi C. 0July 6, 2000 2018 Pori , Finland
62 FinlandFinland Artturi Lehkonen LW 04th July 1995 2016 Piikkiö , Finland
14th CanadaCanada Nick Suzuki C. August 10, 1999 2018 London , Ontario , Canada
90 SlovakiaSlovakia Tomáš tartare LW 0December 1, 1990 2018 Ilava , Czechoslovakia
43 CanadaCanada Jordan Weal C. April 15, 1992 2019 North Vancouver , British Columbia , Canada

Team captains

NHA (1909-1917)

year Surname
1909-1910 Jean-Baptiste Laviolette
1910-1911 Newsy Lalonde
1911-1912 Jean-Baptiste Laviolette
1912-1913 Newsy Lalonde
1913-1915 Jimmy Gardner
1915-1916 Howard McNamara
1916-1917 Newsy Lalonde

NHL (since 1917)

year Surname
1917-1922 Newsy Lalonde
1922-1925 Sprague Cleghorn
1925-1926 Billy Coutu
1926-1932 Sylvio Mantha
1932-1933 George Hainsworth
1933-1936 Sylvio Mantha
1936-1939 Babe Siebert
1939-1940 Walter Buswell
1940-1948 Toe Blake
1948 Bill Durnan
1948-1956 Émile Bouchard
1956-1960 Maurice Richard
1960-1961 Doug Harvey
1961-1971 Jean Béliveau
1971-1975 Henri Richard
1975-1979 Yvan Cournoyer
year Surname
1979-1981 Serge Savard
1981-1989 Bob Gainey
1989-1990 Chris Chelios
Guy Carbonneau
1990-1994 Guy Carbonneau
1994-1995 Kirk Muller
1995 Mike Keane
1995-1996 Pierre Turgeon
1996-1999 Vincent Damphousse
1999-2009 Saku Koivu
2009-2010 vacant
2010-2014 Brian Gionta
2014-2015 four assistant captains
2015-2018 Max Pacioretty
since 2018 Shea Weber

* Interim captain

Members of the Hockey Hall of Fame

Blocked jersey numbers

No. Surname Blocking date
1 Jacques Plante 7th October 1975
2 Doug Harvey October 26, 1985
3 Émile Bouchard 4th December 2009
4th Jean Béliveau October 9, 1971
5 Bernie Geoffrion March 11, 2006
Guy Lapointe November 8, 2014
7th Howie Morenz November 2, 1937
9 Maurice Richard October 6, 1960
10 Guy Lafleur February 16, 1985
12 Dickie Moore November 12, 2005
Yvan Cournoyer
No. Surname Blocking date
16 Henri Richard December 10, 1975
Elmer Lach 4th December 2009
18th Serge Savard November 18, 2006
19th Larry Robinson November 19, 2007
23 Bob Gainey February 23, 2008
29 Ken Dryden January 29, 2007
33 Patrick Roy November 22, 2008
99 Wayne Gretzky February 6, 2000 (league-wide)

In their franchise history, the Montréal Canadiens have officially banned 15 jersey numbers so far, most recently in November 2014. These are by far the most in the NHL. In addition, another one is no longer officially awarded.

These shirt numbers are no longer given to any Montréal Canadiens player and are displayed as banners in the Bell Center .

Howie Morenz banned number 7 as early as November 2, 1937 after the then 35-year-old top scorer of the Canadiens died six weeks later in hospital as a result of an injury. In 1960, Maurice Richard with his number 9 was also given this honor . In the 1970s, the Canadiens honored three players from the successful times of the " Original Six " , to which two more were added in 1985.

A number of numbers have been withdrawn from circulation since 2006. The Canadiens often chose a game day for the day of the ceremony, on which the calendar day coincides with the shirt number to be blocked.

In 2005, the Montréal Canadiens hung a banner with the blocked numbers 8 ( Gary Carter ), 10 ( Andre Dawson and Rusty Staub ) and 30 Tim Raines of the Montreal Expos baseball team, which moved to Washington in 2005, in the Bell Center. In Washington these numbers were released again.

The shirt number 99 has generally been blocked in the NHL in honor of Wayne Gretzky .

Top 10 voting rights in the NHL Entry Draft

Surname year Draft position
Réjean Houle 1969 1.
Marc Tardif 2.
Ray Martyniuk 1970 5.
Chuck Lefley 6th
Guy Lafleur 1971 1.
Chuck Arnason 7th
Steve Shutt 1972 4th
Michel Larocque 6th
Dave Gardner 8th.
Bob Gainey 1973 8th.
Cam Connor 1974 5.
Doug Risebrough 7th
Rick Chartraw 10.
Robin Sadler 1975 9.
Surname year Draft position
Mark Napier 1976 10.
Dan Geoffrion 1978 8th.
Doug Wickenheiser 1980 1.
Mark Hunter 1981 7th
Petr Svoboda 1984 5.
Shayne Corson 8th.
Terry Ryan 1995 8th.
Mike Komisarek 2001 7th
Andrei Kaszitsyn 2003 10.
Carey Price 2005 5.
Alex Galchenyuk 2012 3.
Mikhail Sergachev 2016 9.
Jesperi Kotkaniemi 2018 3.

Players from the early draft years 1963 to 1968 are not listed here.

Since 1969, the Montréal Canadiens had 64 draft rights in the first round of the NHL Entry Draft , until 1978 known as the NHL Amateur Draft. They were able to select a player 25 times as one of the first ten teams and three times they had the first right to vote in the draft.

Franchise top point collector

The ten best points collectors in the history of the franchise by the end of the 2018/19 regular season and the 2019 playoffs .

Abbreviations: Pos = position, GP = games, G = goals, A = assists, Pts = points, P / G = points per game

Regular season

Surname Item season GP G A. Pts P / G
Guy Lafleur RW 1971 / 72-1984 / 85 962 518 728 1246 1.30
Jean Béliveau C. 1952 / 53-1970 / 71 1125 507 712 1219 1.08
Henri Richard F. 1955 / 56–1974 / 75 1259 358 688 1046 0.83
Maurice Richard RW 1942 / 43-1959 / 60 978 544 422 966 0.99
Larry Robinson D. 1972 / 73-1988 / 89 1202 197 686 883 0.73
Yvan Cournoyer F. 1963 / 64–1978 / 79 968 428 435 863 0.89
Jacques Lemaire F. 1967 / 68–1978 / 79 853 366 469 835 0.98
Steve Shutt LW 1972 / 73-1984 / 85 871 408 368 776 0.89
Bernie Geoffrion RW 1950 / 51–1963 / 64 766 371 388 759 0.99
Saku Koivu C. 1995 / 96-2008 / 09 792 191 450 641 0.81


Surname Item GP G A. Pts P / G
Jean Béliveau C. 162 79 97 176 1.09
Jacques Lemaire F. 145 61 78 139 0.96
Larry Robinson D. 203 25th 109 134 0.66
Guy Lafleur RW 124 57 76 133 1.07
Henri Richard F. 180 49 80 129 0.72
Yvan Cournoyer F. 147 64 63 127 0.86
Maurice Richard RW 133 82 44 126 0.95
Bernie Geoffrion RW 127 56 59 115 0.91
Steve Shutt LW 96 50 48 98 1.02
Dickie Moore LW 112 38 56 94 0.84

TSN's Ultimate Canadiens Team

For the 100th birthday of the Canadiens in 2009, the Canadian television station TSN put together a team consisting of 20 players. In contrast to the usual procedure of choosing the best and best-known players for such a team, the decisive committee attached great importance to putting together a realistic squad with appropriate role players.

The team consisted of a total of 20 of over 1,000 players who had been on the ice for the Franco-Canadian franchise in the 100 years of existence . Among them were twelve strikers spread over four rows, six defenders of three pairs each and two goalkeepers . In addition, the electoral committee was only allowed to select eight members of the Hockey Hall of Fame - divided into four forwards, three defenders and one goalkeeper. This rule fell victim to Guy Lafleur , Henri Richard and Patrick Roy , among others .

line striker
1 Dickie Moore Jean Béliveau Maurice Richard
2 John Ferguson Saku Koivu Bobby Rousseau
3 Bob Gainey Guy Carbonneau Claude Provost
4th André Pronovost Brian Skrudland Jimmy Roberts
line defender
1 Doug Harvey Mike Komisarek
2 Larry Robinson Serge Savard
3 Ted Harris Craig Ludwig
Jacques Plante
Michel Larocque



  • William Brown: The Montreal Maroons - The Forgotten Stanley Cup Champions Vehicule Press, 1999. ISBN 1-55065-128-5 (English)

Web links

Commons : Canadiens de Montréal  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. The Montreal Maroons , pp. 23-24
  2. The Montreal Maroons , pp. 24-25
  3., NHL Arena Naming Rights ( Memento from May 23, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
  4., TSN picks The Ultimate Canadiens Team
  5., The Ultimate Canadiens Team