The Stanley Cup ( French La Coupe Stanley , Ugs. The Cup, Lord Stanley's Cup, The Holy Grail or Lord Stanley's Mug ) is considered the most important ice hockey trophy in the world and is awarded annually to the play-off winner of the National Hockey League , which has been 1947 owns the exclusive rights to the Stanley Cup.
The Stanley Cup - made in Sheffield , England - was donated on March 18, 1892 by the British Governor General of Canada Frederik Stanley, Baron Stanley of Preston , after Lord Stanley acquired it from the London silversmith GR Collis and Company (today: Boodle and Dunthorne Jewelers ) would have. The first final for the trophy took place on March 22, 1894 and was initially awarded as a trophy for the best amateur ice hockey team in Canada. Professional teams have been competing since 1910 to win it, and since the 1926/27 season the winner of the cup has been determined exclusively from the NHL teams, as the Western Canada Hockey League was the only remaining competitive league to cease playing. The Stanley Cup was not awarded twice, in 1919 because of an epidemic of the Spanish flu and in 2005 because of the so-called lockout , which fell victim to the entire season.
The names of the players who, according to the league rules, must have participated in at least 41 preliminary round games or in one game of the final series, as well as other responsible persons of the winning team will be engraved on the trophy. The Stanley Cup is next to the Gray Cup of the Canadian Football League , the only North American sports trophy will be engraved on the player name. However, this has only been happening in the Gray Cup since the 1987 season, while the Stanley Cup has been given player names since 1926 and in 1907 for the first time by the Montreal Wanderers . Due to the many names, more rings had to be worked on at the base of the cup. However, this was not possible with the original, so a copy had to be made early on. This will be presented to the Stanley Cup winner today. In addition, players and members of the winning team receive special Stanley Cup rings , which, however , are paid for by their franchise . Since 1958, the base of the trophy has consisted of five rings, which offer space for entries for 13 years each. When one of the rings is fully labeled, the oldest of the rings is removed and displayed in the Hockey Hall of Fame and replaced with a new, unlabelled ring, so that the oldest entry remains in the socket for a maximum of 64 years. The last time a ring was exchanged in 2005, the ring with the engravings from 1941 to 1953 was removed.
History of the Stanley Cup
The history of the Stanley Cup began in 1892 when Frederik Stanley, Baron Stanley of Preston , who was serving as the sixth Governor General of Canada at the time, donated a 18.5 cm high and 29 cm wide silver trophy, which was the first official Stanley Cup was and initially carried the name Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup , which Lord Stanley also had engraved on one side of the outer edge, while On the other side is From Stanley of Preston .
Frederick Arthur Stanley paid ten guineas for the trophy, which is worth $ 75,000 today , which is roughly the equivalent of $ 50 and, due to inflation, would be the equivalent of $ 1,186 today. He first handed this over to Lord Kilcoursie , a player of the Ottawa Rebels , who presented the trophy in trust during a banquet of the Ottawa Amateur Athletic Association to the respected citizens of Ottawa , Sheriff John Sweetland and Philip D. Ross with the following message from Lord Stanley:
I have been thinking for some time that it would be a good thing if there were a challenge cup which should be held from year to year by the champion hockey team in the Dominion (of Canada). There does not appear to be any such outward sign of a championship at present, and considering the general interest which matches now elicit, and the importance of having the game played fairly and under rules generally recognized, I am willing to give a cup which shall be held from year to year by the winning team.
“I've thought several times that it would be a good thing if there were a trophy for the best ice hockey team in Canada every year. At the moment there is no outward symbol of victory for the championship winner and I have been considering giving something suitable, and it is also important that the game is played fairly and with set rules. I am ready to donate a trophy, which is given to the winning team every year. "
Lord Stanley had the following rules for the annual competition:
The winner must return the trophy in perfect condition, if necessary via the trustee, so that it can be presented to the team that won it. Furthermore, he decreed that the names of the franchise , the players and the year of victory be engraved by each winning team on a silver ring, which is to be attached to the trophy, and that the trophy is a challenge cup, which, regardless of the number of victories, is not Team, and that the trustees have full power of disposal over the trophy at all times.
In addition, determined the trustee that it must act in the playing for the trophy teams to senior teams that revenue will ever split from admissions between two finalists in half, and the final matches each in the stadium will be played the Defender. In addition, only one participant from the same league was allowed to play for the cup during a season .
The first Stanley Cup winner was the master of the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association , the team of the Montréal Amateur Athletic Association , on March 17, 1893 . There was no challenger to win this title. Frederik Arthur Stanley's tenure as Governor General of Canada ended on July 15, 1893, so that he was back in the United Kingdom for the first real final of the Cup he had donated on March 22, 1894 . In the final, the Montréal Amateur Athletic Association defended the Stanley Cup with a 1-0 win each against the Montréal Victorias and the Ottawa Capitals .
Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup era (1893-1910)
At the beginning of the Challenge Cup era , the leagues playing for the trophy did not yet have a regulated play-off system for determining the respective champions. The winner was the team that took first place after the regular season. In 1894, the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada saw that four of the five participating teams were tied at the end of the season and therefore no champions could be determined. After extensive negotiations, the league decided that in a three-team tournament, the Québec Hockey Club waived participation and the champions should be played off. The tournament took place in Montréal and the Ottawa Hockey Club was the only away team that was automatically set for the final. On March 17, 1894, the first play-off game for the Stanley Cup took place, which the Montreal Hockey Club won 3-2 against the Montreal Victorias . Five days later, the first Cup final was played, in which the Montreal Hockey Club 3-1 against Ottawa retained the upper hand.
The award of the cup in 1895 was controversial, as the Queen's University would have been the first official challenger for the trophy, but the Montreal Victorias would have won the championship and thus the Stanley Cup. According to Lord Stanley's specifications, the challenger had to compete against the reigning cup winner, the Montreal Hockey Club. The trustees now decided that the Montreal Victorias the trophy awarded , if the Montreal Hockey Club should win the game against the University of challenging team. The defending champion won the game 5: 1 and thus their city rivals, the Victorias, received the Stanley Cup. In the following year, the Winnipeg Victorias from the Manitoba Hockey League was the first team to win the cup that did not belong to the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada , when they defeated the defending champions 2-0 on February 16, 1896.
As the prestige of winning a Challenge Cup grew, so did the need to professionalize teams, and so in March 1906 the Montreal Wanderers applied for the league alongside amateurs at the annual general meeting of the Eastern Canada Amateur Hockey Association (ECAHA) open to professional players, which was also permitted in consultation with the cup trustees.
The smallest place to ever host a Stanley Cup team is Kenora from Ontario . The community had about 4,000 inhabitants at the time of the Kenora Thistles' Stanley Cup victory in 1907, when they u. a. with Art Ross defeated the Montreal Wanderers in two games. The Thistles managed to defend the trophy once before being defeated by the Wanderers in March 1907.
In 1908 Sir H. Montagu Allan founded the Allan Cup , which replaced the Stanley Cup as the trophy for the best amateur ice hockey team in Canada. Since then, the Stanley Cup has been awarded to professional teams. The first full professional team to win the cup was the Toronto Trolley Leaguers from the Ontario Professional Hockey League in 1908 . A year later, the Montreal Hockey Club and the Montreal Victorias, the last two amateur teams left the ECAHA, which was then converted into a professional league.
|season||Challenge Cup winner||More champions during the season|
|1893/94||Montreal Hockey Club ( AHAC )|
|1894/95||Montreal Victorias (AHAC)||Montreal Hockey Club (AHAC)|
|1895/96||Winnipeg Victorias ( MHL )|
|1896/97||Montreal Victorias (AHAC)|
|1897/98||Montreal Victorias (AHAC)|
|1898/99||Montreal Shamrocks ( CAHL )||Montreal Victorias (CAHL)|
|1899/1900||Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL)|
|1900/01||Winnipeg Victorias (MHL)|
|1901/02||Montreal Hockey Club (CAHL)||Winnipeg Victorias (MHL)|
|1902/03||Ottawa Senators (CAHL)||Montreal Hockey Club (CAHL)|
|1905/06||Montreal Wanderers ( ECAHA )||Ottawa Senators (ECAHA)|
|1906/07||Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA)||Kenora Thistles (MHL)|
|1907/08||Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA)|
|1908/09||Ottawa Senators (ECAHA)||Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA)|
|1909/10||Montreal Wanderers ( NHA )||Ottawa Senators (NHA)|
Professional teams play for the Stanley Cup (1910–1927)
In 1910 the National Hockey Association (NHA) was founded, which quickly became Canada's best league and was the cup winner for the next four years. So far it was possible that there were challenges for the Stanley Cup several times a year and thus several cup winners during one year. This possibility was abolished by the trustees in 1912 when they determined that the trophy would only be played after a regular season. In 1915 the professional leagues National Hockey Association (NHA) and the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA) agreed that their respective champions, similar to the World Series in baseball , would play against each other in a final for the Stanley Cup. In 1915, the NHA and the PCHA agreed on a new play-off format, where it was decided that there would be an annual rotation of the final series. The final was held once in the east of Canada (NHA) according to NHA rules and the following year in the west (PCHA) according to PCHA rules. This was also done to strengthen the importance of the trophy through the two best professional leagues, now that the Allan Cup was awarded as the most important trophy to the amateur champions. The Vancouver Millionaires (PCHL) won the first official comparison with the NHA in the best-of-five series with 3-0 victories against the Ottawa Senators . As early as 1914, the Portland Rosebuds (PCHA), the first US team to compete in the final of the Stanley Cup. As a result, a statement was published by the trustees that the Stanley Cup awards are no longer limited to the best Canadian professional team. Three years later, the Seattle Metropolitans became the first US team to win the Stanley Cup with 3-1 wins against the Montréal Canadiens. Two years later, the team faced the Canadiens again in the final, but the series was canceled at a score of 2: 2, as several players of the Canadian team fell ill with the Spanish flu , as a result of which Joe Hall died on April 5. The Stanley Cup was not awarded for the first time this year. The play-off format was changed in 1922 after the Western Canada Hockey League (WCHL) was able to play another professional league for the Stanley Cup. However, after just three seasons, the WCHL merged with the PCHA. After a number of other league mergers and renaming, the PCHA was dissolved after the 1925/26 season and the NHA, which has called itself the National Hockey League since 1917 , has since played the cup winners among its teams. With the Victoria Cougars , a team outside of the NHL won the Stanley Cup for the last time in the 1924/25 season . At the same time, they were the only Stanley Cup winning team that was not part of the NHL since the founding of the NHL in 1917.
National Hockey League teams play for the Stanley Cup (since 1927)
Stanley Cup winner
The Montréal Canadiens are the most successful team with 24 Stanley Cup victories to date - 23 of them since they joined the NHL . Furthermore, they stood nine more times in the final of the Stanley Cup, in which they went off the ice as a loser. Among the field players, Henri Richard won the most with eleven titles - all with Montréal. Ken Dryden and Jacques Plante are the most successful goalkeepers with six trophies; they too won the championships with the Canadiens. Scotty Bowman won nine trophies as a coach, more than anyone else. The name of Jean Béliveau is most often immortalized on the cup. He won the trophy ten times as a player and seven times as a manager.
Since the 1914/15 season, the trophy has been won 96 times by 18 different active and five inactive National Hockey League franchises . Previously, nine different teams won the cup under the former name Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup . Since 1927, since 1927, only NHL teams have played for the Stanley Cup, and by 2012 it had won 42 Canadian and US franchises. Of the current NHL teams, Columbus , Minnesota , Phoenix and Winnipeg have never been in the final of the cup. Six others - Buffalo , Florida , Ottawa , Vancouver , Nashville and Las Vegas - have made it to the Stanley Cup final at least once, from which they emerged as losers. With the Pittsburgh Penguins ( 2009 ), Chicago Blackhawks ( 2010 ), Boston Bruins ( 2011 ) and Los Angeles Kings ( 2012 ) teams won the trophy that took part in their championship season at the NHL season opener in Europe , which took place between 2007 and 2011 .
The Supreme Court in Ottawa ruled in 2006 that the de facto exclusive rights to the Stanley Cup to the NHL since 1947 by the trustees PD Ross and Cooper Smeaton violate the provisions established by Frederick Arthur Stanley. The NHL then decided that teams from other ice hockey leagues may also play for the trophy if the NHL should not play in the future, as in the case of the lockout in the 2004/05 season . In 2006 there was already a petition from ice hockey fans to the trustees with the wish to return to the original "Challenge Cup format". On the other hand, the proposal by the Canadian Governor General Adrienne Clarkson to award the cup to the best women's team during the lockout season was rejected , as they contested their season. Since this idea was not realized, it donated the Clarkson Cup as a counterpart to the Stanley Cup as a championship trophy for the Canadian Women's Hockey League .
|space||team||Victories||Final defeats||Final participation||first title||last title|
|2.||Toronto Maple Leafs||13||8th||21st||1918||1967|
|3.||Detroit Red Wings||11||13||24||1936||2008|
|8th.||New York Rangers||4th||6th||10||1928||1994|
|9.||New York Islanders||4th||1||5||1980||1983|
|11.||New Jersey Devils||3||1||4th||1995||2003|
|13.||Los Angeles Kings||2||1||3||2012||2014|
|16.||St. Louis Blues||1||3||4th||2019||2019|
|18th||Tampa Bay Lightning||1||1||2||2004||2004|
Versions of the Stanley Cup
There are currently three official versions of the Stanley Cup - the original trophy ("Original Stanley Cup") , an authentic version ("Presentation Cup") and a copy ("Replica Cup") . The authentic version was made by silversmith Carl Petersen in Montreal in 1963 after NHL President Clarence Campbell requested a duplicate of the cup because the original cup was too thin and fragile. This version of the trophy was made in secret and its existence was only announced three years later. The “Presentation Cup” is authenticated by the seal of the Hockey Hall of Fame on the underside, which can be seen when the cup winners hold it above their heads in the victory pose after the final. The "Original Stanley Cup" has not been awarded since 1969 and has since been exhibited in a glass cabinet with safety glass in the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto and has since been replaced by the authentic version. The original trophy was awarded 111 times to 30 different teams from 13 cities, in 1917 with the Seattle Metropolitans for the first time to a team from the United States and in 1969 for the last time to the record winner Montréal Canadiens .
The "Replica Cup" was made in Montreal in 1993 by the silversmith Louise St. Jacques so that it can be exhibited in the Hockey Hall of Fame in case the "Presentation Cup" , which can normally be seen there, is on the road. This is the case, for example, if the trophy for the Stanley Cup final is given to the winning team or if the cup winner's players are allowed to keep it for one day. The authentic version is on the road an average of 250 days a year.
There are very few differences between the authentic version and the replica version. The easiest way to distinguish one version from the other is to engrave the 1984 cup winners, the Edmonton Oilers . In the authentic version, Basil Pocklington's name is engraved with 16 “X”, while his name is completely missing from the “Replica Cup” .
Today the Stanley Cup weighs around 20 kilograms and is 90 centimeters high.
Traditions and anecdotes
One of the oldest traditions is drinking champagne from the cup at the head of the cup. The Winnipeg Victorias were the first to do so in 1896. Another tradition is handing over the cup to the captain of the winning team. This practice has existed since the 1950s, as before the cup was not always presented immediately after the game, although this was first done in 1932 at the Toronto Maple Leafs . The victory pose with the cup over the head is also a familiar ritual, which is celebrated by the cup winners. Each player runs one lap along the boards on the ice with the trophy over their heads. The team captain usually starts first, followed by the other players. In 1950, Ted Lindsay was the first team captain to carry the trophy over the ice in this pose with the trophy, according to his own statement, so that the fans can see the trophy better. In the Cupgewinn the Colorado Avalanche in 2001 captain gave Joe Sakic teammate Ray Bourque as a "nice gesture" the privilege of the first round with the trophy since Bourque, who previously 21 seasons without Stanley Cup victory exclusively with the Boston Bruins playing his career after the success with Colorado ended. In 1998 it was Steve Yzerman who, as team captain of the Detroit Red Wings, had the trophy handed over to his teammate Wladimir Konstantinow , who had suffered serious injuries in a traffic accident the year before and was driven onto the ice for the award ceremony.
A widespread tradition, though more based on superstition , is the fact that no player should touch the cup before they have won it with their team, as touching it prematurely will bring bad luck. Many players also refrain from touching or picking up the Clarence S. Campbell Bowl or the Prince of Wales Trophy , as they only see the Stanley Cup as the true championship trophy and touching it as a bad omen for the future Stanley -Cup final applies. There were always teams or players who touched the conference trophy and then lost the Stanley Cup final. B. 2002 the Carolina Hurricanes as Eastern Conference winner the later final against the Detroit Red Wings with four to one victories. Likewise, the Calgary Flames lost to the Tampa Bay Lightning in the 2004 finals after Calgary's Jarome Iginla grabbed the Clarence S. Campbell Bowl while the Lightning refused to accept the Prince of Wales Trophy. The Ottawa Senators were also unable to win their Stanley Cup finals against the Anaheim Ducks in 2007 after two Senators' players, Daniel Alfredsson and Wade Redden , lifted the Conference Cup, while Ducks captain Scott Niedermayer was not near the Campbell Bowls came. Contrary to the idea of not being able to win the Stanley Cup by touching the Conference trophies, Stéphane Matteau of the New York Rangers knocked in 1994 before the extension of the last game in the Eastern Conference final with the trowel of his bat against the Prince of Wales Trophy and then shot the winning goal against the New Jersey Devils . Rangers captain Mark Messier then accepted the Conference trophy and yet New York also won the Stanley Cup final against the Vancouver Canucks . However, Canucks captain Trevor Linden also took the Campbell Bowl before the final series.
The winning team is allowed to keep the Stanley Cup for 100 days to present it on the Victory Parade or to use it at sponsorship events. Since 1994 there has also been a tradition in which every single player in the winning team is allowed to keep the trophy for one day for private purposes, whereby at least one of five " Keeper of the Cup " - Philip "Phil" Pritchard, Mike Bolt, Howie Borrow, Walt Neubrand or Craig Campbell - an employee of the Hockey Hall of Fame is present, who always touches the cup with white kid gloves. However, players are not allowed to take the Stanley Cup into casinos or strip clubs. Two players, Clark Gillies of the New York Islanders and Sean O'Donnell of the Anaheim Ducks , left their dogs out of the cup, and players of the New York Rangers left a horse, Kentucky Derby winner "Go for Gin", out of the trophy eat.
The trophy has also been used as a breakfast bowl, it visited US Presidents Ronald Reagan , George HW Bush , Bill Clinton , George W. Bush and Barack Obama in the White House , the Moscow Kremlin with Igor Larionov after the 2001/02 season and that Parliament of Canada (most recently with the Montréal Canadiens in 1993 ), as well as the Kennedy Space Center . The Stanley Cup has already been on a roller coaster ride and was taken to a sauna by Teemu Selänne in Finland . In the cinema, Martin Brodeur's children were allowed to eat popcorn from the cup and Dustin Brown's offspring drank chocolate milk from the “master cup ” in 2012. Sylvain Lefebvre used the 1996 cup as a baptismal font for his daughter, Ruslan Fedotenko drove it go-karting and it was already lying at the bottom of Mario Lemieux and Patrick Roy's swimming pools, where Montreal's captain Guy Carbonneau discovered that the Stanley Cup could not swim .
After winning the cup in 1905, the Ottawa Silver Seven shot it down the frozen Rideau Canal after a night of drinking and went home happily. It wasn't until the next morning that they hid him out of the canal in a sober head . The Montreal Wanderers had forgotten the trophy in 1907 in the apartment of a photographer who documented the win. The photographer's mother then used the cup as a flower pot for her geraniums for a few months before it was later triggered by the hikers. In 1924, the Montréal Canadiens accidentally left the Stanley Cup on a snow bank by the roadside when they suffered a flat tire on the way to a victory celebration with team owner Léo Dandurand . The trophy was in the trunk of the vehicle and had to be cleared out to get the spare tire. Only when the team wanted to drink the winning champagne from the cup did they notice that they had forgotten it when they changed tires and were glad that they found it intact in the said place. The Toronto Maple Leafs' cup fell into a campfire at their victory party in 1962 , severely damaging it and having to repair it at the team's expense.
Before the Stanley Cup his guards got, he was already repeatedly theft victims , or about to get stolen before. During the play-offs in 1962 , the cup was exhibited during the conference final at Chicago Stadium and there was taken away by a fan of the Montréal Canadiens after they had lost the decisive game against the Black Hawks . Shortly before leaving the stadium, however, he was discovered by a police officer and prevented from completing the crime. The fan said he wanted to take the cup to Montreal , where he believed it belonged. In 1977, the trophy narrowly escaped a robbery at the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto . A Hall of Fame employee noticed seven suspicious men with a large gym bag near the cup. When he approached the men, they fled outside. The police found a number of photos, detailed floor plans of the Hall of Fame, and the equipment necessary for a robbery in their car . The base of the trophy had already been stolen from the Hall of Fame seven years earlier and was only found in 1977 after an anonymous call to the police, well packaged in the back room of a dry cleaner in Toronto.
Engravings on the Stanley Cup
There were also some mistakes when engraving the Stanley Cup. Some of the players on the winning team are engraved several times. 1937/38 both Pete Palangio and Pete Palagio are on the trophy. Also Turk Broda was 1941-42 additionally as Walter Broda listed. A mistake was made in the names of the teams in 1962/63 when TORONTO MAPLE LEAES was engraved instead of Toronto Maple Leafs , in 1971/72 the Boston Bruins met as BQSTQN BRUINS and in 1980/81 the New York Islanders became the NEW YORK ILANDERS .
Player names were also repeatedly engraved incorrectly. Here it met Pat McReavy in 1941 , whose last name was written McCeavy and Theodore Kennedy became Kennedyy or 1946/47 Gaye Stewart , who was engraved as Gave . Detroit coach Tommy Ivan was made Tommy Nivan in 1951/52 , while Alex Delvecchio became Belvecchio . Bob Gainey is on the trophy as Gainy in 1975/76 . The incorrect versions of Adam Deadmarsh (Deadmarch), Manny Legace (Lagase), Eric Staal (Staaal) and Kris Versteeg (Vertseeg) were corrected in 2002, 2006 and 2010.
The owner of the Edmonton Oilers, Peter Pocklington , was bold and had his father's name, Basil , engraved in 1983/84 ; the NHL had the name subsequently overwritten with 16 "x". This is also where the authentic version differs from the copy that is often on display in the Hockey Hall of Fame . The duplicate does not contain this error.
Not a real mistake, but a negligence, happened to Jacques Plante , who won the Cup five times in a row with the Canadiens. His first name is spelled or abbreviated differently every time. (J., Jacques, Jac, Jacq and Jaques). The same thing happened to Dickie Moore , who has five different engravings in six Stanley Cups won (D. Moore, Richard Moore, R. Moore, Dickie Moore, Rich Moore). In addition, Hal Winkler was immortalized on the trophy when the Boston Bruins won the Cup in 1929 , although he did not play a game for Boston that season.
Stanley Cup Trustee
According to Lord Stanley's regulations, the trophy was in the joint care of two trustees until it was assigned to the NHL. To date, nine men have been appointed as Stanley Cup Trustees:
|Trustee||Year of vocation||Year of departure|
|Sheriff John Sweetland||1893||1907|
|Philip Dansken Ross||1893||1949|
|Mervyn "Red" Dutton||1950||1987|
|Justice Willard Estey||1984||2002|
|Brian O'Neill||Since 1987|
|Ian "Scotty" Morrison||Since 2002|
- Charles Coleman: Trail of the Stanley Cup . National Hockey League, 1966, ISBN 0-8403-2941-5 .
- Diamond, Dan (Ed.): The Official National Hockey League Stanley Cup Centennial Book . Firefly Books, 1992, ISBN 1-895565-15-4 .
- Dan Diamond, Eric Zweig and James Duplacey: The Ultimate Prize: The Stanley Cup . Andrews McMeel Publishing, 2003, ISBN 0-7407-3830-5 .
- Andrew Podnieks: Lord Stanley's Cup . Hockey Hall of Fame, 2004, ISBN 1-55168-261-3 .
- proicehockey.about.com, The Origin of the Stanley Cup
- nhl.com, Unraveling the mystery of Stanley ( Memento of the original from June 18, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- syz.net, The Stanley Cup
- canadachannel.ca, Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup
- Ice Hockey News NHL Special Edition 2010/11, episode 4/10, p. 11, The German Stanley Cup Hunt
- Andrew Podnieks, 2004, Lord Stanley's Cup, p. 12.
- books.googl.ch, The ultimate prize: the Stanley Cup
- ticketcity.com, Stanley Cup History ( Memento of the original from March 11, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Andrew Podnieks, 2004, Lord Stanley's Cup, p. 5.
- Andrew Podnieks, 2004, Lord Stanley's Cup, p. 20.
- Montreal AAA (Montreal HC). Archived from the original on September 30, 2007 ; accessed on September 4, 2013 .
- Montreal Victoria. Archived from the original on March 7, 2008 ; accessed on September 4, 2013 .
- Winnipeg Victoria. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007 ; accessed on September 4, 2013 .
- Dan Diamond, Eric Zweig and James Duplacey: The Ultimate Prize: The Stanley Cup, p. 19.
- Kenora Thistles. Archived from the original on November 23, 2005 ; accessed on September 4, 2013 .
- Dan Diamond (Ed.): The Official National Hockey League Stanley Cup Centennial Book. P. 38.
- Dan Diamond, Eric Zweig, and James Duplacey: The Ultimate Prize: The Stanley Cup, p. 24.
- Québec Bulldogs. Archived from the original on June 10, 2008 ; accessed on September 4, 2013 .
- Dan Diamond, Eric Zweig and James Duplacey: The Ultimate Prize: The Stanley Cup, p. 20.
- Dan Diamond (Ed.): The Official National Hockey League Stanley Cup Centennial Book. P. 45.
- Vancouver Millionaires. Archived from the original on April 9, 2006 ; accessed on September 4, 2013 .
- Dan Diamond (Ed.): The Official National Hockey League Stanley Cup Centennial Book. P. 46.
- Seattle Metropolitans. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007 ; accessed on September 4, 2013 .
- Dan Diamond (Ed.): The Official National Hockey League Stanley Cup Centennial Book. P. 54f.
- Dan Diamond (Ed.): The Official National Hockey League Stanley Cup Centennial Book. P. 21.
- Victoria Cougars. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007 ; accessed on September 4, 2013 .
- nhl.com The Stanley Cup ( Memento of the original from January 17, 2010 on WebCite ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- sports.espn.go.com Group: Lockout shouldn't stop awarding of Cup
- Lockout reminds Lowe of Gretzky deal. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007 ; accessed on September 4, 2013 .
- Governor general creates 'Clarkson Cup'. Retrieved September 4, 2013 .
- hockeygods.com, The Stanley Cup "Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup"
- snopes.com, King of Cups
- Ice Hockey News NHL Special Edition 2010/11, episode 4/10, p. 20, The Bodyguard of the Stanley Cup
- sportsillustrated.com Ray, meet Stanley ( Memento June 4, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- headtothe.net ( Memento of the original from August 17, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Ice Hockey News NHL Special Edition 2013, episode 4/12, p. 30, A summer with the Stanley Cup
- hhof.com I'm the king of the world! ( Memento of the original from June 29, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Kings' Dustin Brown Brings Home Stanley Cup For Chocolate Milk Treat. In: losangeles.cbslocal.com. June 12, 2012, accessed September 29, 2018 .
- legendsofhockey.net, Engraving Facts, Firsts & Faux Pas ( Memento of the original dated November 2, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.