Parliament of Canada

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Parliament of Canada
Parliament of Canada
Basic data
Seat: Center Block,
Parliament Hill ,
First session: 1867
MPs: 443 (338 MPs and 105 Senators )
Current legislative period
Chair: Monarch
Elizabeth II

Governor General
Julie Payette

Speaker of the Senate
George Furey ( Independent )

Speaker of the House of Commons
Anthony Rota ( Liberal )
Canadian Parliament website
The parliament building

The Parliament of Canada ( English Parliament of Canada , French Parlement du Canada ) has its seat on Parliament Hill in Ottawa . The parliament consists of three parts:

The Governor General appoints the 105 members of the Senate on the proposal of the Prime Minister , while the 308 members of the Lower House are elected by the people. Each member of the lower house represents one constituency (unlike in Germany, where only half of the members of the Bundestag represent one constituency).

The House of Commons is the more important legislative body, the House of Lords (the Senate) only rarely opposes it, and its duties are primarily to be seen in representation. However, the Senate would have the right to refuse to sign a law or to ask a vote of confidence.


The Senate

The House of Commons

The lower house is elected by the people through simple majority voting. MPs must be Canadian citizens over the age of 18. The number of MPs is based on the 10-year census : the lower house must consist of at least 282 seats, three of which are reserved for the territories . The remaining 279 seats are divided among the provinces according to the number of inhabitants . The “senatorial clause” also states that each province is entitled to at least as many seats as senators. In addition, the “grandfather clause” guarantees the seats from 1976 and 1985 respectively.

Nobody is allowed to work in both Houses of Parliament (Senate and Lower House) at the same time.


Web links

Commons : Parliament of Canada  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence