Congress of the Republic of Colombia

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The building of the Congress of the Republic of Colombia, the Capitolio Nacional

The Congress of the Republic of Colombia ( Spanish : Congreso de la República de Colombia ) is the parliament of Colombia .

The parliament has its permanent seat in the congress building in the capital Bogotá and is called Capitolio Nacional . It is located on the southern side of Bolivar Square , the central square of Bogotá. The Capitolio was built in neoclassicism between 1848 and 1925 by several architects on the instructions of former President Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera . In 1975 the palace was classified as a National Monument .

The Congress is a bicameral parliament and was constituted in 1812. It consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives . The Senate consists of 102 senators, with two seats reserved for native candidates. There are 166 MPs in the House of Representatives, two of whom are reserved for natives and Afro-Colombians and one for foreign Colombians . For the legislature, which began with the 2018 elections , the former FARC guerrilla received five guaranteed seats in the Senate and five in the House of Representatives in accordance with the peace treaty.

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Coordinates: 4 ° 35 ′ 50 "  N , 74 ° 4 ′ 35.5"  W.