Federal Senate (Brazil)
It was founded in Rio de Janeiro in 1824 with the adoption of the first Brazilian constitution as Senado do Império do Brasil (Senate of the Brazilian Empire ) . The first legislative session took place on May 6, 1826 with 31 senators. After the founding of the republic from the Old Republic and up to the Vargas era , two senators each represented their states. In the Estado Novo and the repeal of the constitution, Senate activity was suspended from 1937 to 1946. The Senate was not re-established until the 38th legislative period from 1946 to 1951.
The Federal Senate of Brazil today consists of 81 seats: three each for each of the 26 states of Brazil and the Federal District . The senators are elected for eight years by majority vote. The election in the states is staggered, so that on a given election date only two thirds of the senators are elected, while the remaining third is then elected four years later. The Senate is now in Brasília .
Since 1995 he has published the Jornal do Senado .
56th legislative period
As of February 1, 2019, senators from 16 parties and one non-party will be represented in the Senate of the 56th legislative period.
Distribution of seats for the 56th legislative period:
President of the Federal Senate
President of the Bundessenat of the 56th legislative period is the Senator for Amapá Davi Alcolumbre from the Democratas (DEM) for the first biennium from 2019 to 2020 . He received 51.85% of the votes cast and thus prevailed against five competitors. 1. Vice-President is Antonio Anastasia , Senator for Minas Gerais .
Three buildings have so far been the seats of the Senate: the Palácio do Conde dos Arcos as the first seat of the Senate of the Empire and the First Republic from 1826 to 1925 in Rio de Janeiro , the Palácio Monroe as the seat of the Senate from 1925 to 1960 in Rio de Janeiro and the Palácio Nereu Ramos ( Congresso Nacional ) as the seat of the Senate in Brasília since 1960 in a building by Oscar Niemeyer .
- Official website of the Senado Federal do Brasil (Brazilian Portuguese)
- Senadores em Exercício Website of the Brazilian Federal Senate. Retrieved July 13, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).
- Aprovada alteração do nome do Partido da República (PR) para Partido Liberal (PL). In: jus.br. www.tse.jus.br, May 7, 2019, accessed July 13, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).
- PPS aprova mudança de nome e vai se chamar Cidadania - Política. In: com.br. Estadão, March 23, 2019, accessed July 13, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).
- Davi Alcolumbre, do DEM, é eleito presidente do Senado em votação tumultuada. In: globo.com. G1 , February 2, 2019, accessed July 13, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).
- Gustavo Garcia, João Cláudio Netto: Senado elege ocupantes dos demais cargos da Mesa Diretora; veja a composição. In: globo.com. G1 , February 6, 2019, accessed July 13, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).