Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira
|Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira|
|Party leader||Bruno Araújo|
|founding||June 25, 1988|
|Alignment||Middle , Third Way , Christian Democracy , Democratic Socialism , Economic Liberalism|
|Colours)||Blue and yellow|
|Number of members||1,379,168 (April 2020)|
|International connections||International Democratic Union|
The Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira ( PSDB , German Party of the Brazilian Social Democracy ) is a party of the political center in Brazil . Originally a center-left party, it has become more conservative over time. Today it is committed to the so-called Third Way and identifies as neither left nor right, but many voters perceive the party as being right of center. Their strongholds are in the southeast of the country, especially in the states of São Paulo and Minas Gerais .
The PSDB was founded in 1988 in contrast to the socialist Partido dos Trabalhadores . Social democrats, social liberals , Christian democrats and, above all, many members of the formerly only opposition party, the Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro, gathered in it .
In 1994 the PSDB candidate, Fernando Henrique Cardoso , was elected President. He held this office until 2002. During Cardoso's presidency, the PSDB pursued neoliberal policies and relied on an alliance with conservative parties, which made it lose its social democratic character. As Cardoso's successor, the PSDB set up José Serra , but he lost the election to Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva , the co-founder of the PT.
Geraldo Alckmin of the PSDB ran in 2006 as President Lula's most successful challenger. He was also supported by the conservative Partido da Frente Liberal (PFL) and achieved 41.6% in the first and 39.2% in the second ballot. In the simultaneous parliamentary elections , the PSDB was able to unite 13.6% of the vote. In the Chamber of Deputies it was the third strongest with 65 of the 513 seats, in the Senate with 15 of the 81 seats it was even the second strongest. In the 2010 presidential election , the PSDB again set up Serra, who was also supported by the PFL, which has now been renamed Democratas . He was defeated in the runoff election by Lula's successor Dilma Rousseff from the PT with 44 to 56 percent. In the parliamentary elections, which took place at the same time, the party fell to 53 seats in the House of Representatives (minus 13) and 11 in the Senate (five fewer than before). Four years later it stabilized at 54 MPs and 10 senators. Her presidential candidate Aécio Neves was defeated by the re-elected Dilma Rousseff in the second ballot with 48.4%. Since 2002 it has consistently been the most important opposition party against the PT-led government.
The PSDB has observer status in the Christian Democratic International and its regional organization, ODCA. Together with the Democratas that emerged from the PFL, she leads the opposition in Brazil. It has been the governors of the states of Goiás , Mato Grosso do Sul , Pará , Paraná and São Paulo since 2014 . The party colors are blue and yellow . The symbol of the party is a toucan in the colors blue and yellow and its members are therefore called tucanos .
According to a list by the non-governmental organization Movimento de Combate à Corrupção Eleitoral (MCCE), the PSDB was the party with the third highest number of corruption cases between 2000 and 2010, behind Democratas and PMDB . During this time, 58 politicians from the party lost their mandate across the country because of corruption allegations.
- Tribunal Superior Eleitoral : Estatísticas de eleitorado - Filiados. Retrieved May 30, 2020 (Portuguese, database queries).
- Exclusive: Brazil opposition leader will seek economic reforms . In: Reuters , November 1, 2010.
- Brazil Party Catalog 2012. Overview of the Brazilian electoral and party system in the year of the local elections. Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung eV, country project Brazil, July 2012, p. 10 (PDF; 408 kB).
- Has Brazil voted for continuity? , BBC News. October 31, 2010.
- Conor Foley: Looking for Lula's successor . In: The Guardian , February 4, 2009.
- Tom Philips: Working class hero . In: The Guardian , March 5, 2010.
- Rodrigo Nobile: Brazilian Social Democracy Party In: Brazil Today. An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara CA 2012, p. 118.
- Rodrigo Nobile: Brazilian Social Democracy Party In: Brazil Today. An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara CA 2012, pp. 114, 116-117.
- O ranking since cassação - Desde 2000, 623 políticos foram cassados. THE lidera ranking. May 13, 2010.