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Basic data
Country Brazil
Capital Belém
surface 1,247,689.5 km²
Residents 7,581,051 (2010)
density 6.1 inhabitants per km²
ISO 3166-2 BR-PA
Website (Brazilian Portuguese)
governor Helder Barbalho (since 2019)
Political party (MDB)
GDP 77,848 million R $ 10,259  R $ per capita (2010)

Coordinates: 4 °  S , 53 °  W

Pará , officially in Portuguese Estado do Pará , is a federal state in northern Brazil in the Amazon region .


Boat on the Rio Guamá

Pará is the eastern of the two large states on the Amazon - in addition to the neighboring state named after the river, Pará covers its lower reaches. The huge mouth of the Amazon, with the largest river island in the world, Marajó , is located in Pará. The state is predominantly covered by tropical rainforest , but its area is shrinking due to increasing deforestation , especially on the eastern border.

With around 1.246 million km² (2018) Pará is the second largest state in terms of area . According to the 2010 IBGE census, it has 7,581,051 inhabitants, who are called Paraensians. As of July 1, 2019, the IBGE estimated the population to be 8,602,865. The capital is Belém (around 1.4 million inhabitants), other important cities are Santarém and Marabá .


Since January 1, 2019, the governor has been Helder Barbalho of the Movimento Democrático Brasileiro (MDB), who replaced Simão Jatene of the Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira (PSDB). In Brazil's 2018 gubernatorial elections , he received 2,068,319, or 55.43% of the valid votes. His lieutenant governor was Lúcio Vale des Partido Liberal (PL)

The legislature rests with the Pará Legislative Assembly of 41 elected MPs.


The rainforest is managed by an intensively operated wood industry. The disadvantage of the indigenous population through slash and burn and the destruction of the rainforest is problematic.

The most important export products include iron ore, alumina (Al 2 O 3 ), aluminum and wood.

Biggest cities

Catedral da Sé in the old town of Belém

The largest cities with their population according to the 2010 census are:


The Mangueirão Stadium , which was completed in August 1969, is located in Belém . In 2002 it was declared an Olympic Stadium . As in every other state in Brazil, a national soccer championship is held in Pará , the Campeonato Paraense .


Web links

Commons : Pará  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE): Pará: Síntese. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on June 23, 2015 ; accessed on July 14, 2015 .
  2. ^ Heroes 15 (Governador). In: Eleições 2018, accessed September 4, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).
  3. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE): Produto Interno Bruto - PIB e participação das Grandes Regiões e Unidades da Federação - 2010. (PDF) 2010, accessed on July 24, 2013 .
  4. Pará - Panorama. In: IBGE , accessed September 4, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).
  5. Helder Barbalho, do MDB, é eleito governador do estado do Pará. In: G1 , October 28, 2018, accessed May 28, 2020 (Brazilian Portuguese).
  6. The district Mojuí dos Campos was 1 January 2013 a separate town.