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Estado da Paraíba
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Basic data
Country Brazil
Capital João Pessoa
surface 56,469.8 km²
Residents 4,018,127 (estimate as of July 1, 2019)
density 71 inhabitants per km²
ISO 3166-2 BR-PB
governor João Azevêdo
Political party PSB
GDP 59,089  million  R $
14,774  R $ per capita

Coordinates: 7 ° 5 ′  S , 36 ° 45 ′  W

Paraíba , officially Portuguese Estado da Paraíba , is a state in the northeast of Brazil , where the Ponta do Seixas the easternmost point on the mainland of the American is double continent. It is named after the Rio Paraíba river .


Paraíba borders the Brazilian states of Rio Grande do Norte , Ceará and Pernambuco as well as the Atlantic Ocean . About two thirds of the state is between 300 and 900 meters altitude.

The climate is tropical and semi-arid inland with longer periods of no precipitation. In the littoral near the ocean , on the other hand, rainfall is abundant.


Getúlio Dornelles Vargas and João Pessoa

Paraíba is one of the older states in Brazil. At the beginning of the 16th century it was mostly French who dominated the coast of the region and sought contact with the Indian population. In 1585 the Portuguese João Tavares founded Fort São Felipe at the mouth of the Paraíba River, from which the city of Filipéia de Nossa Senhora das Neves - today's João Pessoa - developed.

Between 1634 and 1654 the region was occupied by the Dutch who were driven out by Portuguese forces under André Vidal de Negreiros. The native Indian population has been a constant trouble spot over the years. In addition to military action, it was pushed back by a smallpox epidemic in 1599, which killed two thirds of the population.

In 1753 Paraíba was placed under the Pernambuco captaincy , but this was repealed in 1799. Paraíba took part in the revolution of 1817 (revolt of Pernambuco) and in 1824 in the secessionist Equator Confederation ( Confederação do Equador ).

In the year of the revolution of 1930 , the proposed Vice-President of Paraíban Governor João Pessoa Cavalcânti de Albuquerque was assassinated. The capital Paraíbas was named in his honor and the Portuguese word “ nego ” (German: “ I refuse. ”) Was added to the flag of the state as a sign of the rejection of the then President Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa .


In the gubernatorial elections in Brazil in 2018 for the executive was João Azevedo , then a member of the PSB , today Cidadania , elected for the period 2019-2023 for the 51st governor.

The legislative is of 36 elected representatives in the Legislative Paraíba exercised. The state sends 12 federal representatives to the Chamber of Deputies and three federal senators to the federal senate of the National Congress .


Paraíba had 3,766,528 inhabitants according to the 2010 census. The population estimate of the IBGE put the number on July 1, 2019 at 4,018,127 residents.

Population development

Source IBGE (figure for 2019 is only an estimate as of July 1, 2019)

Population density

Population density in Paraíba (2010).
  • 0-25 inhabitants / km²
  • 25-50 inhabitants / km²
  • 50-100 inhabitants / km²
  • 100-150 inhabitants / km²
  • 150-200 inhabitants / km²
  • 200-300 inhabitants / km²
  • 300-400 inhabitants / km²
  • 400-500 inhabitants / km²
  • > 500 inhabitants / km²
  • Cities

    Capital: João Pessoa

    The state is divided into 223 municipalities, the municípios (German Munizips ).

    Large cities in Paraíba by population
    with estimate as of July 1, 2019
    city No. Residents
    João Pessoa 001 809.015
    Campina Grande 002 409.731
    Santa Rita 003 136,586
    Patos 004th 107,605
    Bayeux 005 96,880
    Sousa 006th 69,444
    Cabedelo 007th 67,736
    Cajazeiras 008th 61.993
    Guarabira 009 58,833
    Sapé 010 52,625


    Paraiba's economy is based on agriculture ( sugar cane , pineapple , cassava , corn , beans), industry (food, textiles, ethanol ), animal husbandry and tourism, including the largest festival of St. John in all of Brazil.

    Web links

    Commons : Paraíba  - collection of images, videos and audio files

    Individual evidence

    1. a b c Paraíba. Panorama . IBGE , accessed September 4, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese). .
    2. ^ João Azevêdo, do PSB, é eleito governador da Paraíba no 1º turno. In: UOL Notícias, October 8, 2018, accessed July 5, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).
    3. Contas Regionais 2016: entre as 27 unidades da federação, somente Roraima teve crescimento do PIB. In: IBGE - Agência de Notícias, November 16, 2018, accessed July 5, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).
    4. O que significa a palavra "Nego" na bandeira da Paraíba? In: Terra, accessed September 4, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).