|Residents||845,731 (estimate as of July 1, 2019)|
|density||5.9 inhabitants per km²|
|GDP||15,480 million R $
19,405 R $ per capita
Amapá , officially in Portuguese Estado do Amapá , is a federal state in northern Brazil with the capital Macapá . The population was estimated on July 1, 2019 at 845,731 inhabitants in an area of 142,470.8 km 2 .
The equator runs just five kilometers south of the capital Macapá . The place is marked by a stone.
The far north is covered by the 619,000 hectare Parque Nacional Cabo Orange , which extends to the border with French Guiana and has been a nature reserve since 1980.
Around 39% of the state is in the area of influence of the Amazon basin . The Amapá hydrographic network is made up of rivers that play a major economic role in the region, from fishing to waterway transport. Most of the rivers in Amapá flow into the Amazon or directly into the Atlantic. The main rivers are:
The border between Brazil and French Guiana was controversial until an arbitration award in 1900. In 1943 Amapá was declared a federal territory. On October 5, 1988, it became a federal state with the entry into force of the new Brazilian constitution.
Waldez Góes of the Partido Democrático Trabalhista (PDT) has been the governor since January 1, 2015 , who replaced the predecessor Camilo Capiberibe of the Partido Socialista Brasileira (PSB). In the 2018 gubernatorial elections in Brazil , he was re-elected with 52.35% of the valid votes.
The legislature rests with the Legislative Assembly of Amapá, made up of 24 elected MPs.
The largest of the 16 cities of Amapás, municípios with a population of 20,000 or more, are as of 2010 and estimates from 2019:
- Macapá - 398,204 ( 2019 estimate: 503,327 )
- Santana with Porto de Santana - 101,262 ( estimated 2019: 121,364 )
- Laranjal do Jari - 39,942 ( 2019 estimate: 50,410 )
- Oiapoque - 20,509 ( estimated 2019: 27,270 )
Source: IBGE (2011)
Ethnic groups according to the statistical classification of the IBGE (status 2000 with 477,032 inhabitants, status 2010 with 669,526 inhabitants):
|Brancos||126,850||159.161||Whites, descendants of Europeans|
|Pardos||313,519||439,762||Mixed races, mulattos , mestizos|
|Indigenous people||4,972||7,344||indigenous population|
Monte Dourado is home to the remnants of the 14,000 square kilometer Jari project , the unsuccessful attempt in the 1980s by the American billionaire Daniel K. Ludwig to replace the natural forest on the Rio Jari with fast-growing eucalyptus plantations for pulp production .
Archaeologists have discovered and researched a stone complex in a remote area of the state near Calçoene , which is compared to the English Stonehenge . The Parque Arqueológico do Solstício complex consists of 127 stone stelae that are up to 3 meters high. The granite steles are placed in such a way that they fix astronomical cardinal points ; Thanks to this construction, for example, the solstices could be determined exactly, which is important for the definition of the harvest cycles. The age of the facility is not yet clear; Ceramic shards found on site, however, are dated to an age of 2000 years.
- Antonio Sérgio Monteiro Filocreão (Ed.): Amapá 2000–2013 . Editora Fundação Perseu Abramo, São Paulo 2015, ISBN 978-85-7643-232-6 (Brazilian Portuguese, org.br [PDF]).
- Portal: Governo do Amapá , government website (Brazilian Portuguese)
- Legislative Assembly website , Assembleia Legislativa do Estado do Amapá (Brazilian Portuguese)
- Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE): Amapá - Panorama (Brazilian Portuguese, updated statistics)
- Atlas do desenvolvimento humano no Brasil - Amapá (Brazilian Portuguese, demographic information, as of 2010)
- Contas Regionais 2017: apenas Rio de Janeiro, Sergipe e Paraíba tiveram queda de volume no PIB. In: gov.br. agenciadenoticias.ibge.gov.br, accessed April 23, 2020 (Brazilian Portuguese).
- Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE): Amapa - panorama . Retrieved September 1, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).
- Hidrografia. In: Amapá em destaque. Retrieved April 23, 2020 .
- Principais rios do estado do Amapá. In: SuaPesquisa. Retrieved April 23, 2020 .
- Atlas do desenvolvimento humano no Brasil - Amapá . Retrieved April 24, 2020 (Brazilian Portuguese).
- IBGE : Sistema IBGE de Recuperação Automática - SIDRA: Tabela 2093. Accessed April 24, 2020 (Portuguese, database query, search terms Amapá and Cor ou raça).
- José Augusto Drummond, Mariângela de Araújo Pereira: O Amapá nos tempos do manganês. O estudo sobre o desenvolvimento de um estado amazônico - 1943-2000 . Garamond, Rio de Janeiro 2007, ISBN 978-85-7617-118-8 (Brazilian Portuguese, limited preview in Google Book Search).
- Calçoene megalithic observatory - Amazon Stonehenge. In: Wondermondo. Archived from the original on July 17, 2010 ; accessed on July 3, 2014 .