Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
BrazilBrazil Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
- IBGE -
Supervisory authority (s) Ministério do Planejamento, Orçamento e Gestão
Arose from Instituto Nacional de Estatística
Headquarters Rio de Janeiro
Coordinates 22 ° 54 '34 .5 S , 43 ° 10' 13.5"  W Coordinates: 22 ° 54  '34.5 " S , 43 ° 10' 13.5"  W.
President Susana Cordeiro Guerra
Employee around 10,000

The Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE, Portuguese for: Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics ), based in Rio de Janeiro , has been Brazil's national geodata and statistics authority since 1934 . It is under the Ministry of Planning, Budget and Management , among others for the ten-year rhythm held census responsible.


Statistical surveys at the time of the Empire of Brazil only took place in a few years, but at the time of the dictatorship of Getúlio Vargas these were particularly important for the development of the country with its demographically and economically completely different states. After the revolution of 1930 a new concept was envisaged, for which the mathematician and statistician Mário Augusto Teixeira de Freitas laid the foundations. The IBGE was founded in three phases: the decree of July 6, 1934, the decree of May 29, 1936 for the then so-called Instituto Nacional de Estatística (INE) and since the integration of the Conselho Brasileiro de Geografia (CBG) by decree no. 1.527 (1937) as Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística the newly created institute. The institute is not an authority itself, it is a foundation under public law, but has the same function as e.g. B. a federal statistics office. As a functioning institution, it only presented results years later. The first president was Djalma Polli Coelho from 1951 to 1952 , the first female president was Wasmália Bivar , today's (as of 2020) for the 2019 to 2020 term of office is Susana Cordeiro Guerra . The institute currently has a staff of a little more than 10,000 and, in addition to its headquarters in Rio de Janeiro, is represented in all Brazilian states.

Five large regions were created as statistical-geographical own creations, without regional authority impact, within these for internal use from 1989 to 2017 the mesoregions ( Portuguese mesorregião ) and within these again the microregions (Portuguese microrregião ). After around 28 years of practical experience, the IBGE has made new structures and streamlines with new names: Regiões Geográficas Intermediárias , indirect geographical regions, which will replace the mesoregions from 2017, and the Regiões geográficas imediatas , immediate geographical regions. The 5570 Munizips, that is the cities with their municipal area, can in turn form interest groups in the form of municipal associations within these regions, depending on the purpose for which the IBGE supplies the statistical planning data.

The 2020 rotating census has been postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil .

Provision of the data

In addition to the databases available online, the IBGE has drawn groundbreaking publications, especially in the early days, including the Enciclopédia dos Municípios Brasileiros , a lot of data from the initial first evaluations of censuses to consolidated numbers were made available on FTP servers, today (as of 2017 ) the IBGE offers its data on two user interfaces, the Panorama and the Perfil as an older version.

List of presidents


Surname Beginning The End
Djalma Poli Coelho May 2, 1951 September 9, 1952
Florêncio Carlos de Abreu Silva September 15, 1952 September 21, 195
Elmano Gomes Cardim September 27, 1954 17th November 1955
José Carlos Macedo Soares 17th November 1955 May 3, 1956
Jurandir de Castro Pires Ferreira May 8, 1956 January 31, 1961
Rafael da Silva Xavier February 10, 1961 November 9, 1961
José Joaquim de Sá Freire Alvim November 13, 1961 October 1, 1963
Roberto Bandeira Accioli October 14, 1963 March 31, 1964
Agnaldo José Senna Campos April 10, 1964 April 3, 1967
Sebastião Aguiar Ayres April 4th 1967 March 24th
Isaac Kerstenetzky March 24, 1970 29th August 1979
Jesse de Souza Montello 29th August 1979 March 14, 1985
Edmar Lisboa Bacha May 10, 1985 November 27, 1986
Edson de Oliveira Nunes January 6, 1987 April 13, 1988
Charles Curt Mueller May 3, 1988 April 18, 1990
Eduardo Augusto Guimarães April 18, 1990 March 26, 1992
Eurico de Andrade Neves Borba March 26, 1992 June 15, 1993
Sílvio Augusto Minciotti June 15, 1993 March 30, 1994
Simon Schwartzman May 5, 1994 December 31, 1998
Sérgio Besserman Vianna January 18, 1999 January 31, 2003
Eduardo Pereira Nunes February 6, 2003 September 14, 2011
Wasmália Bivar September 14, 2011 4th july 2016
Paulo Rabello de Castro 4th july 2016 May 25, 2017
Roberto Olinto June 1, 2017 February 8, 2019
Susana Cordeiro Guerra 11th February 2019 -

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Divisão Regional do Brasil em Regiões Geográficas Imediatas e Regiões Geográficas Intermediárias 2017. In: IBGE, accessed August 3, 2020 (Brazilian Portuguese).
  2. ^ Galeria dos presidentes. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), accessed July 19, 2017 (Portuguese).
  3. Susana Cordeiro Guerra é nomeada presidente do IBGE. In: IBGE, accessed August 3, 2020 (Brazilian Portuguese).