Amazonas (Brazil)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Estado do Amazonas
Amazonas (Brazil)
Coordinates 4 °  S , 65 °  W Coordinates: 4 °  S , 65 °  W
Location of the state of Amazonas in Brazil
Location of the state of Amazonas in Brazil
coat of arms
coat of arms
founding 1889 (as a state, 1850–1889 Amazonas province)Template: Infobox location in Brazil / maintenance
Basic data
Country Brazil
State Amazon
Capital Manaus
Região intermediária 4 (since 2017)
Região imediata 11 (since 2017)
structure 62 Munizipe
Waters Amazon , Rio Negro , Amazon basin
climate equatorial, Am, Af
surface 1,559,146.9 km²
Residents 3,483,985 (2010, last census)
density 2.2  Ew. / km²
estimate 4,144,597 Ew. (July 1, 2019)
Time zone UTC −04, UTC − 5
Website (Brazilian Portuguese)
governor Wilson Lima ( PSC )
(since January 1, 2019)
Carlos Almeida ( PRTB )
(since January 1, 2019)
Senators: 3
MPs: 8
State MPs : 24
GDP 86,560 billion R $ 21,979  R $ per capita (2015)Template: Infobox location in Brazil / maintenance

HDI 0.674 (medium) (2010)

Amazonas , officially Portuguese Estado do Amazonas , is the largest of the 26 states in Brazil . It is located in the northwest of the country and belongs to the Região Norte (northern region). With more than two million inhabitants, almost half of the state's population lives in the capital Manaus .


The territory is named after the river of the same name, Rio Amazonas , also known as Rio de las Amazonas since the 16th century .

Geography and population

It encompasses the western Amazon basin in northwestern Brazil and consists largely of tropical rainforest . The geographical location is determined by the following maximum degrees of latitude and longitude:

  • Geographic latitude −2 ° 14'29 "to −9 ° 49'10" (north-south)
  • Geographical longitude −56 ° 06'00 "to −73 ° 47'40" (east-west)

The state borders on the neighboring states of Peru , Colombia and Venezuela as well as on the Brazilian states of Roraima , Pará , Mato Grosso , Rondônia and Acre . It is divided into 62 parishes, the municipal cities (in Portuguese municípios ).

Its area is almost 1.56 million km² , the population per square kilometer was 2.23 in 2010. The 2010 census by the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) recorded 3,483,985 inhabitants. As of July 1, 2019, the IBGE estimated the population to be 4,144,597.

Population development

year population
1991 census 2.103.243
2000 census 2,812,557
2010 census 3,483,985
2019 estimate 4,144,597


Teatro Amazonas in Manaus

The largest city in the state and the Região Norte is Manaus with an estimated 2,182,763 inhabitants (2019). According to the 2010 census, four fifths of the Amazon's population live in cities and one fifth in rural areas. Other major cities in the state besides Manaus are Parintins with an estimated 114,273 inhabitants (2019), Itacoatiara with an estimated 101,337 inhabitants (2019), Manacapuru with an estimated 97,377 inhabitants (2019), Coari with an estimated 85,097 inhabitants (2019) and Tefé with an estimated 59,849 inhabitants ( 2019).

Indigenous population

According to the IBGE, 65 indigenous groups live in the Amazon. The 2010 census determined a total of 168,680 people who are counted among the indigenous population, making the highest number of Brazilian indigenous people living in the Amazon.


Mixing of the Amazon water with the water of the Rio Negro

The river Amazonas in the state of Amazonas is called Rio Solimões on its longest stretch to the capital Manaus . The largest other rivers are:

The majority of the Amazon rivers are navigable all year round.


The highest points in Brazil are in the Amazon; so the Pico da Neblina with 3,014 meters and the Pico 31 de Março with 2,992 meters.


Loan for 500 francs from the Brazilian state of Amazonas dated July 16, 1906; As security for this loan, the Amazon state pledged the patent fees, a special rubber tax introduced in 1903, as well as the surpluses of the state-owned tram and the electricity supply of the capital Manaus .

The Spaniard Francisco de Orellana is considered to be the discoverer of the area that today makes up the state of Amazonas. The discovery was part of the Gonzalo Pizarro expedition and took place from 1541 to 1542. The region fell into oblivion again until two friars drove the Amazon again and aroused interest in taking possession of it again. Another expedition started in 1637 under Pedro Teixeira . In the same year Philip IV of Spain created the capitania do Cabo do Norte through a royal statute . In 1669 the Forte de São João da Barra do Rio Negro was founded, from which the capital of the Amazon was to develop over the centuries: Manaus.

In 1850 the province of Amazonas was founded in the Empire of Brazil by spinning off the province of Grão-Pará and Manaus was raised to the capital. The province existed until 1889, when the Republic of Brazil was founded in 1889 it became the state of Amazonas.


Since April 4, 2014, José Melo de Oliveira of the Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro (PMDB) took over the office of governor ( Portuguese governador ) and replaced the civil engineer Omar Aziz , who had been in office since March 31, 2010 . Aziz had succeeded Eduardo Braga , under whom he was twice, in the electoral term from 2002 and from 2006, vice governor. In the election of October 3, 2010, Aziz was confirmed in office with 63.9% of the votes.

In the elections in Brazil in 2018 , the Partido Social Cristão (PSC) party, who is considered to be right-wing religious and right-wing populist , Wilson Miranda Lima , nickname Wilson Lima, was elected governor of the state of Amazonas with 58.5% or 1,033,954 of the valid votes.

The legislature is exercised by 24 elected MPs in the Legislative Assembly of Amazon . The state sends 8 federal deputies to the Chamber of Deputies and three federal senators to the federal senate of the national congress .


Amazonas has had an Academia Amazonense de Letras since 1918 . One of the biggest festivals is the Folclórico de Parintins festival, which takes place annually on the last weekend in June .

In the Amazon federal state , the dialect Amazofonia or Nortista is spoken.

See also

Web links

Commons : State of Amazonas  - collection of images, videos, and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d IBGE : Amazonas - Panorama .
  2. Brazil: States and Major Cities - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather, and Web Information. Retrieved December 22, 2017 .
  3. IBGE: Manaus - Panorama . Retrieved September 1, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).
  4. a b c d N. N .: Dados on the website of the Amazonas government.
  5. IBGE: Parintins - Panorama . Retrieved September 1, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).
  6. IBGE: Itacoatiara - Panorama. Retrieved September 1, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).
  7. IBGE: Manacapuru - Panorama. Retrieved September 1, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).
  8. IBGE: Coari - Panorama. Retrieved September 1, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).
  9. IBGE: Tefé - Panorama. Retrieved September 1, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).
  10. ^ N. N .: História , on the official website of the state government.
  11. Governador Omar Aziz ( Memento from September 16, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
  12. ^ Wilson Lima 20 (Governador). In: Eleições 2018, accessed January 12, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).
  13. Eleições 2018 | Wilson Lima Governador 20. In: Estadão , accessed January 12, 2019 (Brazilian Portuguese).
  14. ^ Ana Paula de Araújo: Dialetos brasileiros. In: InfoEscola, accessed May 4, 2020 (Brazilian Portuguese).