Elections in Brazil 2018
The 2018 general election in Brazil took place on October 7th and 28th. The approximately 145 million voting Brazilians voted
- the President and the Vice-President
- two thirds of the Federal Senate (54 of 81) with a term of office of eight years
- the entire Chamber of Deputies (513 of 513) with a four-year term for the 56th legislative period from February 1, 2019 to January 31, 2023
- as well as 27 governors and 1024 members of the 27 state parliaments .
In December 2017, the Tribunal Superior Eleitoral ( Supreme Electoral Court ) set the timing:
|Election calendar 2018|
|July 20th to August 5th||Nominations of candidates at the party conventions|
|15th of August||last date for official registration|
|August 16 to October 6||Time for election campaigns for the 1st ballot|
|August 31st to October 4th||Time to use radio and television for election campaigns|
|17th of September||Deadline for the courts to finally assess the application documents,
deadline for registering substitute candidates
|October 7th||1st ballot|
|October 8-27||Time for election campaigns for the second ballot for runoff elections|
|October 12-26||Time to use radio and television for election campaigns|
|28th of October||2nd ballot|
Brazil has a presidential system of government . Therefore, the presidential election is the most important election to be held in Brazil in 2018. The president is elected for four years. Whoever receives the absolute majority of the valid votes is elected.
Incumbent Michel Temer took over the business of government as Vice President on May 12, 2016 for the period of the maximum six-month suspension of the then President Dilma Rousseff . After the Senate finally voted for the impeachment of Rousseff, Temer was installed as President of Brazil on August 31, 2016 and formed the liberal-conservative government of Temer . At the end of 2016, however, the judiciary banned Temer from running again because he had violated electoral laws.
The new President's term of office begins on January 1, 2019.
The candidates nominated by their parties and their registration submitted to the Supreme Electoral Court:
|#||Presidential candidate||Vice presidential candidate||Party
|Previous political positions|
|12||Ciro Gomes (PDT)||Kátia Abreu (PDT)||
PDT , AVANTE (until 2017 Partido Trabalhista do Brasil , PT do B)
|Gomes : Federal Member of Parliament for Ceará 2007–2011; Minister for National Integration 2003-2006; Minister of Finance 1994–1995; Governor of Ceará 1991–1994; Prefect of Fortaleza 1989–1990; Member of the state parliament in Ceará 1983–1989; Presidential candidate in 1998 and 2002 .|
|13||Fernando Haddad (PT)||Manuela d'Ávila (PCdoB)||
"O Brasil Feliz de Novo"
PT , PROS , PCO , PCdoB
Haddad : Minister of Education 2005–2012; 2013–2017 city prefect of São Paulo
d'Ávila : 2005–2006 city council president of Porto Alegre; 2007–2015 Federal MP for Rio Grande do Sul; since 2015 national parliamentarian in Rio Grande do Sul
|15th||Henrique Meirelles (MDB)||Germano Rigotto (MDB)||
"Essa é a solução"
MDB , PHS
|Meirelles : Minister of Economic Affairs 2016–2018; President of the Central Bank of Brazil 2003–2011.|
|16||Vera Lúcia Salgado (PSTU)||Hertz Dias (PSTU)||Partido Socialista dos Trabalhadores Unificado (PSTU)|
|17th||Jair Bolsonaro (PSL)||Antônio Hamilton Mourão (PRTB)||
"Brasil acima de Tudo, Deus acima de Todos"
PSL , PRTB
|Bolsonaro : Federal MP for Rio de Janeiro since 1991.|
|18th||Marina Silva (SPEECH)||Eduardo Jorge (PV)||
“Unidos para transformar o Brasil”
SPEECH , PV
|Silva : spokeswoman for REDE since 2013; Senator for Acre 1995-2011; Environment Minister 2003-2008; State MP in Acre 1991–1995; City Councilor in Rio Branco 1989–1991; Presidential candidate 2010 and 2014 .|
|19th||Álvaro Dias (PODEMOS)||Paulo Rabello de Castro (PSC)||
“Mudança de Verdade”
PODEMOS , PSC , PTC , PRP
|Dias : Senator for Paraná 1983–1987 and since 1999; Governor of Paraná 1987–1991; Federal Member of Parliament for Paraná 1975–1983; State representative in Paraná 1971–1975.|
|27||José Maria Eymael (DC)||Helvio Costa (DC)||Democracia Cristã (DC)||Eymael : President of DC since 1997; Federal Member of Parliament for São Paulo 1986–1995; Presidential candidate 1998 , 2006 , 2010 and 2014 ; Candidate for City Prefect (Mayor) of São Paulo 2012.|
|30th||João Amoêdo (NOVO)||Christian Lohbauer (NOVO)||Partido Novo (NOVO)||Amoêdo : President of the NOVO 2011-2017.|
|45||Geraldo Alckmin (PSDB)||Ana Amélia Lemos (PP)||
"Para Unir o Brasil"
PSDB , DEM , PP , PR , PRB , SD , PTB , PSD , PPS
|Alckmin : Governor of São Paulo 2011–2018 and 2001–2006; President of the PSDB since 2017; State Secretary for Development in the State of São Paulo 2009–2010; Vice Governor of São Paulo 1995–2001; Federal Member of Parliament for São Paulo 1987–1994; Member of the State Parliament in São Paulo 1983–1987; City Prefect (Mayor) of Pindamonhangaba 1977–1982; City Councilor of Pindamonhangaba 1973–1977; 2006 presidential candidate .|
|50||Guilherme Boulos (PSOL)||Sônia Guajajara (PSOL)||
"Vamos Sem Medo de Mudar o Brasil"
PSOL , PCB
|Boulos : USP professor , political and social activist, MTST coordinator , author.|
|51||Cabo Daciolo (PATRI)||Suelene Balduino Nascimento (PATRI)||Patriota (PATRI)||Daciolo : Federal MP for Rio de Janeiro since 2015.|
|54||João Vicente Goulart (PPL)||Léo Alves (PPL)||Partido Pátria Livre (PPL)||Goulart : Member of the State in Rio Grande do Sul 1982–1986.|
First round of presidential elections
The graph represents the mean values of polls on the voting intentions of Brazilians in the 2018 presidential election. Each line represents a political party (see legend at the top). Parties are shown instead of candidates because some parties changed their candidates. Candidates who are not eligible for election, such as Lula da Silva (see the chapter on judicial power struggle in advance), are not shown in the graphic.
Judicial power struggle in advance
According to all polls, the most promising candidate for the presidential election, former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva , was convicted of corruption in the second instance on January 25, 2018 and was therefore not allowed to run. Ironically, one of the reasons for this was that he was not allowed to compete due to the so-called Clean West Act ( Ficha Limpa ) he passed himself in 2010 . This law prohibits the candidacy of politicians who have been convicted in the second instance. Da Silva is currently in prison in Curitiba . A legal battle over his release made international headlines during the Brazilian election campaign. The judges' power struggle had a decisive impact on Brazil's political future.
Role of the media
The number of political advertisements on TV is regulated in detail by law in elections in Brazil and depends on past election successes. For the 2018 presidential election, this results in the following maximum permitted weekly TV spots: Alckmin (80), the as yet unknown candidate of the PT (27), Bolsonaro (3).
The duration of TV advertising is regulated in a similar way. It will be broadcast from August 31 to October 4 in advertising blocks of 12 minutes and 30 seconds each. The biggest changes in opinion polls in previous Brazilian presidential elections only occurred after political advertising began on TV. It was and is therefore important which candidate is allocated how much of the advertising time broadcast free of charge by public broadcasters.
National Congress election
Election of the Senate
54 of 81 senators representing their home states are elected. Each state and federal district appoints three senators for an eight-year term, double that of a normal legislature.
Election of the Chamber of Deputies
513 federal MPs are elected to represent their home states. The number per state varies depending on the population.
The 2018 gubernatorial elections in Brazil took place on Sunday, October 7, 2018, at the same time as the presidential and state and national parliamentary elections. The 27 governors and their lieutenants from the Brazilian states and the federal district were elected .
A total of 199 candidates applied for the post of governor, who were registered in the respective regional electoral court, the Tribunal Regional Eleitoral .
(according to the names of
the candidates on the ballot papers )
Coronel Ulysses (PSL)
David Hall (Avante)
Gladson Cameli (PP)
Janaína Furtado (speech)
Marcus Alexandre (PT)
|Alagoas||-||-||-||Basile Christopoulos (PSOL)
Fernando Collor (PTC)
Josan Leite (PSL)
Melquezedeque Farias (PCO)
Renan Filho (MDB)
Cirilo Fernandes (PSL)
Davi Alcolumbre (DEM)
Gianfranco Gusmão (PSTU)
Waldez Góes (PDT)
Amazonino Mendes (PDT)
Berg da UGT (PSOL)
David Almeida (PSB)
Lúcia Antony (PCdoB)
Omar Aziz (PSD)
Sidney Cabral (PSTU)
Wilson Lima (PSC)
|Bahia||-||-||-||Célia Sacramento (Speech)
João Henrique (PRTB)
João Santana (MDB)
José Ronaldo (DEM)
Marcos Mendes (PSOL)
Orlando Andrade (PCO)
Rui Costa (PT)
|Ceará||-||-||-||Aílton Lopes (PSOL)
Camilo Santana (PT)
Francisco Gonzaga (PSTU)
General Theophilo (PSDB)
Hélio Góis (PSL)
Mikaelton Carantino (PCO)
|Federal District||-||-||-||Alberto Fraga (DEM)
Alexandre Guerra (Novo)
Eliana Pedrosa (Pros)
Fátima Sousa (PSOL)
General Paulo Chagas (PRP)
Ibaneis Rocha (MDB)
Renan Rosa (PCO)
Rodrigo Rollemberg (PSB)
Rogério Rosso (PSD)
|Espírito Santo||-||-||-||André Moreira (PSOL)
Aridelmo Teixeira (PTB)
Renato Casagrande (PSB)
Rose de Freitas (Pode)
|Goiás||-||-||-||Alda Lucia (PCO)
Kátia Maria (PT)
Marcelo Lira (PCB)
Ronaldo Caiado (DEM)
Weslei Garcia (PSOL)
Zé Eliton (PSDB)
|Maranhão||-||-||-||Flávio Dino (PCdoB)
Maura Jorge (PSL)
Odívio Neto (PSOL)
Ramon Zapata (PSTU)
Roberto Rocha (PSDB)
Roseana Sarney (MDB)
|Mato Grosso||-||-||-||Arthur Nogueira (speech)
Mauro Mendes (DEM)
Moisés Franz (PSOL)
Pedro Taques (PSDB)
Wellington Fagundes (PR)
|Mato Grosso do Sul||-||-||-||Humberto Amaducci (PT)
João Alfredo (PSOL)
Juiz Odilon (PDT)
Junior Mochi (MDB)
Marcelo Bluma (PV)
Reinaldo Azambuja (PSDB)
|Minas Gerais||-||-||-||Alexandre Flach Domingues (PCO)
Antonio Anastasia (PSDB)
Claudiney Dulim (Avante)
Dirlene Marques (PSOL)
Fernando Pimentel (PT)
João Batista Mares Guia (speech)
Jordano Metalúrgico (PSTU)
Romeu Zema (Novo)
Cida Borghetti (Progressista)
Doutor Rosinha (PT)
Geonísio Marinho (PRTB)
João Arruda (MDB)
Jorge Bernardi (speech)
Ogier Buchi (PSL)
Priscila Ebara (PCO)
Professor Ivan Bernardo (PSTU)
Professor Piva (PSOL)
Ratinho Junior (PSD )
|Paraíba||-||-||-||João Azevêdo (PSB)
José Maranhão (MDB)
Lucélio Cartaxo (PV)
Rama Dantas (PSTU)
Tárcio Teixeira (PSOL)
|Pará||-||-||-||Cléber Rabelo (PSTU)
Fernando Carneiro (PSOL)
Helder Barbalho (MDB)
Paulo Rocha (PT)
Márcio Miranda (DEM)
|Pernambuco||-||-||-||Ana Patrícia Alves (PCO)
Armando Monteiro (PTB)
Dani Portela (PSOL)
Julio Lossio (speech)
Maurício Rands (PROS)
Paulo Câmara (PSB)
Simone Fontana (PSTU)
|Piauí||-||-||-||Dr. Pessoa (Solidariedade)
Elmano Férrer (Podemos)
Fábio Sérvio (PSL)
Luciane Santos (PSTU)
Luciano Nunes (PSDB)
Maria de Lourdes (PCO)
Professora Sueli (PSOL)
Romualdo Seno (DC)
Valter Alencar (PSC)
Wellington Dias (PT)
|Rio de Janeiro||Wilson Witzel||-||-||André Monteiro (PRTB)
Anthony Garotinho (PRP)
Dayse Oliveira (PSTU)
Eduardo Paes (DEM)
Indio da Costa (PSD)
Luiz Eugênio (PCO)
Marcelo Trindade (Novo)
Márcia Tiburi (PT)
Pedro Fernandes (PDT)
Tarcísio Motta (PSOL)
Wilson Witzel (PSC)
|Rio Grande do Norte||-||-||-||Brenno Queiroga (Solidariedade)
Carlos Eduardo (PDT)
Dário Barbosa (PSTU)
Fátima Bezerra (PT)
Freitas Júnior (Speech)
Heró Bezerra (PRTB)
Professor Carlos Alberto (PSOL)
Robinson Faria (PSD)
|Rio Grande do Sul||-||-||-||
Eduardo Leite (PSDB)
Jairo Jorge (PDT)
José Ivo Sartori (MDB)
Julio Flores (PSTU)
Mateus Bandeira (Novo)
Miguel Rossetto (PT)
Paulo Medeiros (PCO)
Roberto Robaina (PSOL)
Acir Gurgacz (PDT)
Valclei Queiroz (PMB)
Coronel Charlon (PRTB)
Coronel Marcos Rocha (PSL)
Expedito Júnior (PSDB)
Maurão de Carvalho (MDB)
Pedro Nazareno (PSTU)
Pimenta de Rondônia (PSOL)
Vinícius Miguel (Speech)
Antônio Denarium (PSL)
Fábio Almeida (PSOL)
Suely Campos (PP)
Telmário Mota (PTB)
|São Paulo||-||-||-||Edson Dorta (PCO)
João Doria (PSDB)
Luiz Marinho (PT)
Major Costa e Silva (DC)
Marcelo Candido (PDT)
Marcio França (PSB)
Paulo Skaf (MDB)
Prof. Claudio Fernando (PMN)
Professora Lisete (PSOL)
Rodrigo Tavares (PRTB)
Rogério Checker (Novo)
Toninho Ferreira (PSTU)
|Santa Catarina||-||-||-||Ângelo Castro (PCO)
Comandante Moisés (PSL)
Décio Lima (PT)
Gelson Merisio (PSD)
Ingrid Assis (PSTU)
Jessé Pereira (Patriota)
Leonel Camasão (PSOL)
Mauro Mariani (MDB)
Rogério Portanova (speech)
|Sergipe||-||-||-||Belivaldo Chagas (PSD)
Dr. Emerson (speech)
Eduardo Amorim (PSDB)
Gilvani Santos (PSTU)
João Tarantella (PSL)
Márcio Souza (PSOL)
Mendonça Prado (DEM)
Milton Andrade (PMN)
Valadares Filho (PSB)
|Tocantins||-||-||-||Bernadete Aparecida (PSOL)
Carlos Amastha (PSB)
César Simoni (PSL)
Marlon Reis (speech)
Mauro Carlesse (PHS)
The 1024 members of the 27 parliaments ( Portuguese: Assembleias Legislativas ) are elected.
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- cf. Article 77 of the 1988 Constitution .
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