Third way

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The term third way is used with different meanings. It is generally used to indicate an alternative - an alleged or actual new path - in addition to two options that have so far been considered unsuccessful.

Application of the term

The third way is:

Proponents of third paths tend to present their ideas in a positive light, locate themselves as the ' political center ' and place the positions of others or the past in an ideological twilight in order to make room for their own point of view.


The libertarian intellectual Ludwig von Mises criticized efforts to find a third way between capitalism and socialism. He considered attempts of this kind to limit a state to be theoretically futile, since every intervention in the market system entails a distortion of supply and demand, which in turn must be corrected by new interventions until a state with fully developed interventionism emerges. Von Mises judged in his 1929 Critique of Interventionism: “There is no other choice than this: either to refrain from interfering with the game of the market, or to transfer the entire management of production and distribution to the authorities. There is no such thing as either capitalism or socialism, something in between. "

See also


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Andreas Schulze, Small parties in Germany , Vs Verlag; 1st edition, 2004, ISBN 978-3824445585 , page 67
  2. Gabler Verlag (editor), Gabler Wirtschaftslexikon, keyword: models of competition policy ( online version )
  3. Gerd Becher, Elmar Treptow: The just order of society. Campus Verlag, 2000, ISBN 9783593361574 .
  4. Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz: Small Lexicon of Politics. 5th edition. Beck, 2011, ISBN 978-3406604119 , page 108
  5. ^ For example, Alfred Schüller , who contrasts the free market economy and social market economy as forms of the first way with the centrally planned social administration economy as the second way and with market socialism (which Schüller also includes the welfare state ) as the third way. Schüller refers to Wilhelm Röpke , who at times spoke of a Third Way, but later emphatically distanced himself from this designation. Alfred Schüller: Social Market Economy and Third Ways. In: ORDO - Yearbook for the Order of Economy and Society . Volume 51. Lucius & Lucius, Stuttgart 2000, pp. 169-202.
  6. See Steffen Kachel : The USPD - Attempting a Third Way ?, in: Yearbook for Research on the History of the Labor Movement , Volume III / 2007.
  7. DLF broadcast essay and discourse from February 12, 2012, The Other West
  8. Federal Constitutional Court, 2nd Senate: Federal Constitutional Court - Decisions - Constitutional complaint against “Third Way” in church labor law inadmissible. July 15, 2015, accessed June 20, 2017 .
  9. Alexander Gallus, Eckhard Jesse: What are Third Ways? From politics and contemporary history . B 16-17 / 2001. p. 14.
  10. Roland Sturm: The Third Way - The royal road between all ideologies or even under suspicion of ideology? From politics and contemporary history. B 16-17 / 2001. p. 3.
  11. Hubertus Bardt: “Work” versus “Capital” - on the transformation of a classic conflict: a study of order economics. Volume 73 of writings on regulatory issues in the economy . Lucius & Lucius DE, 2003. p. 26.