Parity (politics)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In politics, parity is an even ratio of votes in a body ( Latin : paritas "equality, equal strength"). The aim of parity is to prevent committees from being dominated by narrow majorities or from minorities being excluded by simple majority acquisitions. The term parity is used politically to create an equal distribution between the sexes according to the distribution in the population.


In Baden-Württemberg , for example, it is customary to fill state lists of parties equally and equally between the regions of Württemberg and Baden.

Depending on the number of groups represented in the committee, there is what is known as third parity (three groups) or quarter parity (four groups). The latter is a distribution frequently requested in university committees and means dividing the seats into equal parts between the four groups of students , professors , academic staff and technical-administrative staff. Since the higher education ruling of the Federal Constitutional Court of May 29, 1973 , there has been a majority of professors in Germany as a deviation from parity .

Equal participation

The equal participation serves to create a balance between employees and employers on the supervisory board of a company .

Individual evidence

  1. Deutschlandfunk , accessed on February 23, 2019
  2. BVerfGE vol. 35 p. 79, [1]