|publishing company||OAO "Editing of the newspaper 'Izvestia'"|
|First edition||March 13, 1917|
|Frequency of publication||Every day|
|Sold edition||130,000 copies|
The Izvestia ( Russian Известия ; German news, messages ) is a national Russian daily newspaper. It is one of the oldest Russian periodicals that is still published today .
It was founded on February 28 (old calendar) 1917 in Petrograd as a bulletin of the Petrograd Soviet . On October 26, 1917, the historic decree on peace and the decree on land appeared in it .
With the relocation of the seat of government to Moscow in 1918, the editorial staff of the newspaper also moved there. The "Executive Committee of the Council of People's Commissars ", as the Soviet government initially called itself, became the publisher. The revolutionary leader Vladimir Lenin gave it priority over the Pravda party organ , and in the mid-1920s its circulation was 400,000 (compared to 150,000 for Pravda ). From 1938 to 1991 the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR published the newspaper.
The editors-in-chief included the Politburo member Nikolai Bukharin (1934–1937) and Alexei Ajubei (1959–1964), Nikita Khrushchev's son-in-law .
The Izvestiya was prepared by the dissolution of the USSR (then support about 1.2 million copies) by privatization to Aktiengesellschaft .
Political and content orientation
Izvestia addressed the well-off intelligentsia and political elite at least until 2011 with a circulation of 230,000 copies .
After Beslan was taken hostage in September 2004, the newspaper's editor-in-chief , Raf Shakirov , was dismissed under political pressure because the newspaper reported too critically about the events.
Until spring 2008, 50.2% of the newspaper belonged to the government-affiliated media group Gazprom-Media , which had taken over the majority of the shares from Prof-Media in summer 2005 . In May 2008 it became known that Gazprom-Media was transferring its stake in the newspaper to the insurance company SOGAS . SOGAS, in turn, is majority owned by Bank Rossija , whose partner and CEO is billionaire and Putin friend Yuri Kovalchuk . At the same time, the newspaper became part of the holding National Media Group founded by J. Kovalchuk . This is already a majority shareholder in the television stations Ren-TV and Fünfter Kanal .
The new publisher Aram Gabreljanow , called "Boulevard-Verleger" by Roger Blum , relies primarily on the online edition, instead of political and economic analyzes, quickly written glamor texts and reports on violent crimes should have priority. The print edition on the next day is only considered a "supplement".
- ↑ Byli perwymi izvestia.ru March 11, 2002.
- ↑ Lenta.ru, May 21, 2008: Gazprom-Media takes control of Izvestia to the insurance company SOGAS (Russian)
- ↑ Press release from Gazprom Media of May 21, 2008: No majority of OAO Gazprom in OAO Izvestia (Russian)
- ^ A b Roger Blum: Loudspeakers and contradictions: An approach to the comparison of media systems , Herbert von Halem Verlag, 2014, ISBN 978-3-869-62152-4 , page 128
- ↑ Short biography of Kowaltschuk on rb.ru ( Memento of the original from May 19, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ Kommersant, No. 86 (3903) of May 22, 2008: Izvestia is added to the "National Media Group" (Russian)
- ↑ Irina Volkova: Slow Farewell to "Izvestia" (June 8, 2011)
- http://www.izvestia.ru/ Online edition of Izvestia (Russian)