Zoran Đinđić

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Zoran Đinđić (Davos, January 2003)

Zoran Đinđić  [ ˈzɔran ˈdʑindʑitɕ ] ( Serbian - Cyrillic Зоран Ђинђић ; born August 1, 1952 in Bosanski Šamac , Yugoslavia ; † March 12, 2003 in Belgrade , Serbia and Montenegro ) was a Serbian politician , philosopher and writer . Đinđić was Serbian Prime Minister (2001-2003) and party leader of the Democratic Party . In 2003 he was murdered. He was married to Ružica Đinđić and had two children. Please click to listen!Play



Đinđić was born in 1952 as the son of an officer in Bosanski Šamac in Bosnia . As a philosophy student at the University of Belgrade , he began his political engagement. Đinđić was sentenced to several months in prison because he and other students from Croatia and Slovenia had founded an opposition student group.

After his release from prison he continued his studies in Germany , in Frankfurt am Main with Jürgen Habermas and in Heidelberg . After moving to the University of Konstanz , he completed his doctoral thesis in philosophy under Albrecht Wellmer in 1979 . It is entitled Marx's Critical Social Theory and the Problem of Justification .

Return to Yugoslavia

In 1989 Đinđić returned to Yugoslavia to teach at the University in Novi Sad and founded the Democratic Party with other Serbian dissidents . In 1990 he became party chairman and was elected to the Serbian parliament in the same year.

After the local elections in November 1996, which were canceled by the Serbian government, there were massive protests, whereupon the election victory of the opposition was recognized. Đinđić became Belgrade's first non-communist mayor since World War II . After conflicts with his allies about the nationalist Vuk Drašković , he was voted out of office by the Belgrade city council at the end of September 1997.

In the Yugoslav presidential and parliamentary elections in September 2000, he was the campaign leader of the Democratic Opposition of Serbia (DOS) alliance, which consists of 18 parties . After the fall of the Milošević regime, he led the alliance to an overwhelming victory in the elections to the Serbian parliament in December 2000.

Đinđić as Prime Minister

In January 2001 he was elected Serbian Prime Minister . As a western-oriented politician, he was in constant conflict with both the old communist forces and the nationalists with whom he worked. He also made enemies through his fight against corruption and organized crime in Serbia as well as the extradition of Slobodan Milošević to the The Hague War Crimes Tribunal in 2002 and the promise made to Carla Del Ponte that Ratko Mladić would be extradited .


The hiding place of the shooter

On March 12, 2003, Zoran Đinđić was murdered in Belgrade by a sniper who was shot in the stomach and back. The shooter had been lying in wait about 180 meters away at the rear window of a building in order to be able to shoot into the courtyard. Đinđić's bodyguard was also seriously injured. When Đinđić was admitted to the hospital, no pulse could be detected. After his death, which was in Serbia a state of emergency imposed to the executive branch more opportunities to give in pursuit of the perpetrators, which one former in the atmosphere of Milošević faithful and the so-called Zemun - Clan suspected. A total of 7,000 people were arrested, of whom 2,000 were held for long periods.

Zvezdan Jovanović , deputy commander of the " Red Berets ", was arrested as the main perpetrator on March 25 . A little later, the murder weapon was found, a Heckler & Koch G3 rifle , with the aid of which the perpetrator could finally be convicted.

At the end of 2003, the trial against a total of 13 suspects began before a special court in Belgrade. On May 2, 2004, the alleged mastermind, Milorad "Legija" Ulemek , commander of the "Red Berets" turned himself in . He was arrested near his home in a Belgrade suburb. On June 3, 2006, an important witness was found murdered near Belgrade. According to reports from the Serbian media, he had incriminated Slobodan Milošević's son Marko when he testified in camera in 2004 .

Ulemek and Jovanović were sentenced to 40 years' imprisonment on May 22, 2007 for "crimes against the constitutional order". According to the court, Ulemek had the role of coordinator, while Jovanović, who had revoked his original confession during the trial, was the shooter. Ten other defendants, five of whom were on the run, were sentenced to between eight and 35 years' imprisonment. The people behind it remained unknown.

In the appeal proceedings, the Supreme Court in Serbia reduced the sentences for three co-defendants on December 29, 2008, and upheld the verdicts against the main perpetrators in full: u. a. Milorad “Legija” Ulemek (mastermind) and Zvezdan Jovanović (shooter) each for 40 years. Ulemek was a member of the "Tiger" militia led by the notorious militia chief " Arkan ", which committed numerous crimes during the Yugoslav wars . He later led the special police force "Red Berets", which was created under the leadership of the former Yugoslav President Milošević.

Two of the long- running killers, Sretko Kalinić and Milos Simović , were caught in June 2010.

In February 2011, Vladimir Milisavljević, a mastermind behind the murder, was arrested in Valencia, Spain . He had been sentenced to 35 years in prison in absentia.

Zoran Đinđić's grave is in the Belgrade Central Cemetery. Ten years after the murder, a memorial plaque for Đinđić was unveiled at the University of Konstanz.

After his death

See also


  • Zoran Đinđić: Serbia in Europe. Interviews and texts from 2000–2003. Tanjug , Belgrade 2004, ISBN 978-86-80981-10-9 .
  • Zoran Djindjic: Experiment against modernity. Essays on the Failure of Socialist Yugoslavia. Translated from Serbian by Ivan Glaser . LIT-Verlag, Berlin 2017. ISBN 978-3-643-90870-4


  • Djindjic - One life. Documentary (2005), directors: Christoph Sodemann and Dušan Veličković, production: Südost-Medienagentur, first broadcast: March 12, 2005 on B92 (Serbia) and on March 16, 2005 on 3sat . Synopsis from Südost-Medienagentur.

Web links

Commons : Zoran Đinđić  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Wolfgang Messner: 10.Todestag Zoran Djindjic. The encounter with Habermas changes his fate. Stuttgarter Zeitung , March 11, 2013, accessed on June 17, 2016 .
  2. The Hunt for Ratko Mladic . 3sat documentation, first broadcast on July 12, 2011
  3. In Djindjic death aftermath, sweeping moves by justice (English)
  4. Red Berets Disbanded , IWPR online, March 27, 2003
  5. ^ Witness killed in the Djindjic trial ( memento from February 20, 2008 in the Internet Archive ), Tages-Anzeiger online, June 3, 2006
  6. Jump up ↑ People behind it remain unknown , Kölner Stadt-Anzeiger, May 23, 2007
  7. Djindjic killer - verdicts confirmed , FOCUS Online, December 29, 2008
  8. tagesschau.de from June 11, 2010 ( Memento from June 13, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
  9. Masterminds of Djindjic murder caught. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung . February 10, 2012, accessed February 13, 2012 .
  10. knerger.de: The grave of Zoran Đinđić
  11. see report in the newspaper Seemoz.de, March 11, 2013
  12. ^ Zoran Djindjic Scholarship Program of German Business. German Society for International Cooperation , accessed on June 17, 2016 .
  13. MURDERED PREMIER. Monument in Serbia. Die Tageszeitung , August 2, 2007, accessed on June 17, 2016 .
  14. ↑ In memory of Dr. Zoran Djindjic. Alumnus of the University of Konstanz and first democratic Prime Minister of Serbia. University of Konstanz , accessed on June 17, 2016 .
  15. Michael Martens : Either We or the Civil War. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , August 5, 2004, accessed on June 17, 2016 .
  16. Premiere: "Zoran Djindjic - One Life" - Christoph Sodemann, Dusan Velickovic, Südostmedienagentur Bremen. Filmbüro Bremen , March 6, 2005, accessed June 17, 2016 .