Democratic opposition of Serbia
The Democratic Opposition of Serbia (Демократска опозиција Србије, ДОС; Demokratska opozicija Srbije, DOS) was a union of political parties in Serbia , which in 2000 as an alliance against the ruling Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS) and its president, Slobodan Milosevic , was founded. DOS candidate Vojislav Koštunica won the election for President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in September 2000 . The DOS then won a two-thirds majority in the general election in December 2000 . The alliance formed a government headed by Zoran Đinđić , which remained in office until December 2003 after Đinđić 'was assassinated in March 2003.
DOS was originally a federation of 18 parties:
- Democratic Party (DS) ( Zoran Đinđić )
- Democratic Party of Serbia (DSS) ( Vojislav Koštunica )
- Citizens' Union of Serbia (GSS) (Goran Svilanović)
- Democratic Christian Party of Serbia (DHSS) (Vladan Batić)
- New Serbia (NS) (Velimir Ilić)
- League of Social Democrats Vojvodinas (LSV) (Nenad Čanak)
- Social Democratic Union (SDU) (Žarko Korać)
- Association of Vojvodin Hungarians (SVM) (József Kasza)
- Reformist Democratic Party of Vojvodina (RDSV) (Miodrag Isakov)
- Coalition Vojvodina (KV) (Dragan Veselinov)
- Social Democracy (SD) (Vuk Obradović)
- Movement for a Democratic Serbia (PDS) (Momčilo Perišić)
- Sandžaker Democratic Party (SDP) (Rasim Ljajić)
- League for Šumadija (LŠ) (Branislav Kovačević)
- Association of Free and Independent Trade Unions (ASNS) (Dragan Milovanović)
- Tripartite alliance DAN:
The Serbian Renewal Movement (SPO) Vuk Draškovićs was originally part of the alliance, but left it after a short time.
The DOS government under Zoran Đinđić implemented some unpopular measures such as privatization in the course of reforms in 2001 . The opposition blamed them for the accompanying rise in unemployment. Slobodan Milošević was arrested on April 1, 2001 and extradited to the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague on June 28 . The murder of the secret service employee Momir Gavrilović on August 3, 2001 was widely blamed on the government and caused negative media coverage. Two weeks later, the Democratic Party of Serbia (DSS) left the government and the party alliance.
After the murder of Zoran Đinić in 2003, the alliance began to fall apart. After a few more affairs and corruption scandals, the DOS government lost the confidence of parliament. As a result, an extraordinary parliamentary election was decided in November 2003, which took place on December 28th. Since the parties represented in the alliance ran individually in this election, this meant the end of the DOS alliance.
- DOS homepage ( Memento from February 20, 2003 in the Internet Archive )
- Emblem of the Democratic Opposition of Serbia at crwflags.com (English)