Fritz Roessler

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Fritz Rößler alias Dr. Franz Richter (born January 17, 1912 in Gottleuba , Saxon Switzerland , † October 11, 1987 in Radstadt , Land Salzburg ) was a German politician . The National Socialist was from 1949 under a false name a member of the German parliament for the right-wing DKP-DRP and the far-right SRP . In 1952 Rößler was exposed.

Life until 1945

In 1930 Rößler joined the NSDAP , in 1935 he became the head of training at the Augustusburg Gau training castle , then head of the NSDAP's Gau Main Office in Saxony . In 1945 he was active in the Reich Propaganda Management of the NSDAP .

He married Ruth Rößler in 1936.

After 1945

From 1945 Rößler was considered deceased and provided the following personal data: Dr. Franz Richter , born on June 6, 1911 in Smyrna ( İzmir ), Turkey , studied philology in Prague , teacher in Sudetenland , soldier from 1940 to 1945. This information was difficult to verify because the records of the registry office in İzmir were burned during the Greco-Turkish War in 1922 and most of the files of the German administration in the Sudetenland were also destroyed shortly before the end of the Second World War. After he had testified to his own death as a “judge”, he remarried his - allegedly widowed - wife in 1946 under the new name. The children kept the name Rößler. With the falsified personal information, Rößler entered the Lower Saxony school service on June 7, 1946 as a primary school teacher in Luthe ( Neustadt am Rübenberge district ). After right-wing extremist statements, he was released on May 20, 1949.

As a member of the German Conservative Party - German Right Party (DKP-DRP) - supported by the Sudetendeutsche Landsmannschaft , which considered him one of theirs - he successfully ran for the German Bundestag in the 1949 federal election and became one of the party's five members. On August 28, 1949 he prevailed against Adolf von Thadden as the new DKP-DRP state chairman in Lower Saxony and also became a member of the federal executive committee. In 1949 he advocated a general amnesty for all Nazi crimes. In 1950, Rößler was involved in the merger of the DKP-DRP and NDP to form the German Reich Party. He became a board member of the new party, but had to resign on April 30 because of his contacts with the SRP leadership.

He was expelled from the DRP in September 1950 and switched to the Socialist Reich Party, which he then represented in parliament together with the federal chairman Fritz Dorls (from December 13, 1950 to September 26, 1951 both sat in with the WAV faction, without their own Party). In May 1951 Roessler participated in the founding of the fascist European social movement in Malmö (Sweden) . Organizations from Germany, Italy, Austria, Sweden and Switzerland took part under the leadership of the Italian MSI .

"Richter" was noticed in the Bundestag for its aggressive choice of words. He was sentenced to four months in prison on July 20, 1951 for insulting four ministers of the Lower Saxony state government, against which he appealed. During the debate about a first agreement between the Federal Republic of Germany and Israel, he gave an anti-Semitic speech in mid-November 1951, for which Bundestag President Hermann Ehlers called him to order. Bundestag Vice- President Hermann Schäfer expelled him on January 10, 1952 for unparliamentary behavior for three days of meetings.

At the beginning of 1952 Rößler was exposed and arrested on February 20, 1952 in the lobby of the Bundestag. Despite his parliamentary immunity, this was possible because he was caught in the act falsifying documents when he called himself “Dr. Richter ”entered on the attendance register. This situation was arranged by Bundestag President Ehlers. The next day Roessler renounced his mandate. On May 2, 1952, the Bonn Regional Court sentenced him to 18 months' imprisonment for falsifying documents and other offenses.

After his release from prison he moved to Cairo , where he again lived under a false name. From 1953 to 1957 Rößler appeared at international right-wing extremist congresses.

Rößler died in Austria at the age of 75.


Rößler was the editor of the FR letters. Communications from the Bundestag member Dr. Richter who appeared from 1950 until his exposure in 1952.


  • Wilfried Loth, Bernd-A. Rusinek : Transformation policy: Nazi elites in West German post-war society , Campus Verlag, 1998, ISBN 3-593-35994-4 .
  • Franz Richter , in: Internationales Biographisches Archiv 15/1952 of March 31, 1952, in the Munzinger Archive ( beginning of article freely accessible)
  • Rudolf Vierhaus , Ludolf Herbst (eds.), Bruno Jahn (collaborators): Biographical manual of the members of the German Bundestag. 1949-2002. Vol. 2: N-Z. Attachment. KG Saur, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-598-23782-0 , p. 699.
  • Martin Will: Ephoral Constitution. The party ban of the right-wing extremist SRP from 1952, Thomas Dehlers Rosenburg and the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany. Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2017, ISBN 978-3-16-155893-1 (on Rößler's exposure as a Nazi functionary: p. 278 ff.)

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b c Sven Felix Kellerhoff: When a Nazi functionary became a member of the Bundestag. In: Welt , February 20, 2012.
  2. Rudolf Vierhaus , Ludolf Herbst (ed.), Bruno Jahn (collaborator): Biographical manual of the members of the German Bundestag. 1949-2002. Vol. 2: N-Z. Attachment. KG Saur, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-598-23782-0 , p. 699.