Fritz Dorls (born September 9, 1910 in Brilon ; † January 25, 1995 in Opponitz , Lower Austria ) was a right-wing extremist German politician ( DKP-DRP , then SRP). He was chairman of the National Socialist SRP, which was banned in 1952 .
After studying history and completing his doctorate, Dorls worked as a farmer and forester on his father's estate. Since July 1, 1929, he was a member of the NSDAP ( membership number 141.822). He was also a member of the SA . Despite strong sympathy for Otto Strasser's " national socialism " , he remained a party member when Strasser left the NSDAP with several thousand supporters in 1930/31.
After military service (1939–1945) during the Second World War , from March 1945 he was a history teacher at the DAF -Reichsschule in Erwitte . In May 1945 he was arrested and then interned in the British CIC 5 Staumühle .
Political activity until 1949
After his release in 1946, Dorls joined the CDU and in 1947 became editor of the party newspaper Niedersächsische Rundschau . In the spring of 1949, together with Justus Krause, Gerhard Krüger , Joachim von Ostau and Franz Richter (alias Fritz Rößler ), he founded the Association of Independent Germans (GuD), which formed an electoral alliance with the DKP-DRP in Lower Saxony for the Bundestag elections and thus in the German Bundestag moved in. Dorls also became a member of parliament. After the election, the GuD then joined the DKP-DRP organizationally. On October 2, 1949, Dorls was expelled from the DKP-DRP together with Krüger and Otto Ernst Remer and on the same day founded the Socialist Reich Party (SRP) with them as well as Bernhard Gericke and Wolf Graf von Westarp , and he was chairman until the party was banned the Federal Constitutional Court was on October 23, 1952.
Activity as SRP chairman
In March 1950, Dorls tried to split the DRP through contacts with Franz Richter, Walter Kniggendorf and Johann Guth , in order to persuade whole district associations to convert to the SRP. This plan failed, however, because after this action became known Kniggendorf and Guth were excluded from the DRP and Richter had to resign from his party positions. Around the same time he tried to convert the neo-fascist wing of the NDP under Karl-Heinz Priester , who had refused to merge with the DKP-DRP into the DRP, into the SRP. But this plan also failed, probably due to personal animosity between Dorls and the priest. Nevertheless, it was possible to persuade a large part of the activists of this NDP wing to convert to the SRP. In the summer of 1951, an attempt by Dorls, Richter and WAV Chairman Alfred Loritz to merge SRP and WAV failed because of the WAV member of the Bundestag . Dorls then left the WAV group in the Bundestag, which he had temporarily joined in preparation for the merger, on September 26, 1951.
On May 6, 1951 Dorls became a member of the state parliament of the 2nd electoral term of the Lower Saxony state parliament and there on July 13, 1951 chairman of the SRP parliamentary group, but resigned this mandate on December 31, 1951 due to excessive workload.
Activity after the SRP ban
As a result of the party ban, Dorls also lost his parliamentary mandate and the associated political immunity . He fled abroad to avoid arrest. In 1953 Dorls joined the Madrid representation of Herbert Lucht's Cominbel company , headed by Otto Skorzeny . He had been in Egypt since 1954. At that time, Dorls was wanted by two public prosecutors for various criminal acts. As it turned out later, Dorls was also active for the German protection of the constitution in Egypt during this time . On his return to the Federal Republic of Germany, he was arrested in 1955 and sentenced to 14 months in prison in 1957 for being a ringleader in an anti-constitutional organization, insulting Konrad Adenauer as a “Soviet zone ruler” and fraud . The sentence was revised in 1964 and reduced to seven months' imprisonment, which had already been paid for by pre-trial detention.
All Dorls' attempts to create a successor organization to the SRP before the ban were either known early on or directly prevented. The election of former SRP members in North Rhine-Westphalia (and Hesse) for the municipal elections in 1952, which was coordinated with the German Association (DG), ended with the ban on these DG election lists, as did the appearance of free voting communities in Lower Saxony. As a result, the cooperation with the DG was discontinued, but this did not prevent it from now specifically courting former SRP members, especially in Lower Saxony. A final attempt with the circle around the former chairman of the economic construction association , Alfred Loritz , to run as the German construction association for the BTW in Lower Saxony and Hesse, ended, although Dorls again successfully appeared as a speaker, with the DAV ultimately renouncing the election because it did not succeeded in setting up promising direct candidates, and thus a candidacy in only two federal states would have had no prospect of success given a nationwide 5% clause.
Dorls then stopped his efforts to create a new neo-fascist electoral party. He did not participate in the formation of the NPD in the 1960s either , because its protagonists such as Adolf von Thadden did not seem revolutionary enough to him. He was a writer on the far-right Independent News until the 1980s .
- Barbara Simon : Member of Parliament in Lower Saxony 1946–1994. Biographical manual. Edited by the President of the Lower Saxony State Parliament. Lower Saxony State Parliament, Hanover 1996, p. 77.
- Richard Stöss : From nationalism to environmental protection. The German Community / Action Group of Independent Germans in the Party System of the Federal Republic of Germany , Opladen 1980.
- Martin Will: Ephoral Constitution. The party ban of the right-wing extremist SRP from 1952, Thomas Dehlers Rosenburg and the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany. Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2017, ISBN 978-3-16-155893-1 (biography of Dorls on p. 76 ff.)
- Helmut Violence: Members of the Bundestag / I.–X. Legislative period of former NSDAP and / or branch memberships ( Memento from January 18, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF file, accessed on November 22, 2011; 63 kB).
- Richard Stöss: From nationalism to environmental protection. The German Community / Action Group of Independent Germans in the Party System of the Federal Republic of Germany , Opladen 1980, p. 58, note 41.
- Fritz Dorls . In: Der Spiegel . No. 38 , 1953 ( online - 16 September 1953 ).
- Dorls, Fritz . In: Martin Schumacher (Ed.): MdB - The People's Representation 1946–1972. - [Daecke bis Dziekan] (= KGParl online publications ). Commission for the History of Parliamentarism and Political Parties e. V., Berlin 2006, ISBN 978-3-00-020703-7 , pp. 232 , urn : nbn: de: 101: 1-2014070812574 ( kgparl.de [PDF; 212 kB ; accessed on June 19, 2017]).
- Diplomatic Handel. Preventive measures . In: Der Spiegel . No. 37 , 1957 ( online - June 5, 1957 ).
- See diplomatic Handel. Preventive measures . In: Der Spiegel , June 5, 1957.
- SRP: When the ban comes. In: Der Spiegel . August 13, 1952, p. 7 , accessed November 1, 2018 .
- Beate Baldow: The Naumann Affair , dissertation, FU Berlin 2008, p. 177 - available on the Internet.
- This became necessary because no voter communities were allowed to participate in the local elections in North Rhine-Westphalia.
- Beate Baldow: The Naumann Affair , dissertation, FU Berlin 2008, p. 193 f.
- Beate Baldow: The Naumann Affair , dissertation, FU Berlin 2008, p. 193 f. This approach of the DG then led to the ban of the Lower Saxony state association in March 1953.
- Beate Baldow: The Naumann Affair , dissertation, FU Berlin 2008, p. 183.
- Beate Baldow: The Naumann Affair , dissertation, FU Berlin 2008, p. 184.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politicians (DKP-DRP, SRP), MdL, MdB|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 9, 1910|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Brilon|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 25, 1995|
|Place of death||Opponitz|