District Court Bonn

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Regional court Bonn, main building on Wilhelmstrasse (2014)

The Bonn Regional Court was founded in 1850 and is one of the 19 regional courts in North Rhine-Westphalia. It is responsible for the districts of the six local courts in Bonn and the surrounding area and is in the district of the Cologne Higher Regional Court .


The district court and the district court have a common building complex in the center of Bonn , which extends between Wilhelmstrasse (entrance), Oxfordstrasse, Alexanderstrasse and Annagraben. It can be easily reached by public transport.


Buildings of the regional court (front) and the district court (rear) (around 1910)

By the very highest decree of February 2, 1850, the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm IV determined the establishment of a special regional court with seat in Bonn for the districts of Bonn , Euskirchen , Rheinbach , the Siegkreis and the Waldbröl district with the mayor's office of Friesenhagen and parts of the mayor's office Knowledge in the Koblenz administrative district of the Rhine Province . This was preceded by decades of efforts by Bonn's citizens to establish a higher court. Previously, the Cologne Regional Court was responsible for Bonn and the surrounding area , which often meant a long journey to negotiations.

The following peace courts were subordinate to the Bonn Regional Court as courts of first instance:

Magistrate's court Seat
Peace Court Bonn I Bonn
Peace Court of Bonn II Bonn
Court of Justice Eckenhagen Eckenhagen
Eitorf District Court Eitorf
Honnef District Court Bad Honnef
Königswinter Peace Court Koenigswinter
Lechenich District Court Lechenich
Rheinbach Peace Court Rheinbach
Siegburg Peace Court Siegburg
Waldbröl Peace Court Waldbröl
Zülpich District Court Zülpich

The first district court president in Bonn was Gerhard Merrem from 1850 to 1879. In addition, there were also a chamber president , four district judges and two court assessors. After the partial destruction of the courthouse in early 1945 as a result of the Second World War , the regional court was able to resume operations on July 27, 1945 with a punitive session.

Since Bonn was the seat of parliament and government of the Federal Republic of Germany from 1949 , there have been public trials since then. In the context of the government's presence in Bonn, criminal trials were carried out against a former President of the EC Commission and State Secretary and the party donation trials of the 1980s against former economics ministers.

Today there are 26 civil chambers at the Bonn Regional Court , 14 of which are for commercial matters, 8 are criminal chambers and 1 are for the execution of sentences.

Stefan Weismann has been President of the Bonn Regional Court since July 7, 2017.


Bonn Regional Court, Portikus

When the Bonn Regional Court was founded, the civil and breeding police criminal sessions still took place in a former judicial building in Wenzelgasse in the old town. The jury court room was on the first floor of Bonn's town hall .

Today's courthouse on Wilhelmstrasse (house number 21) was built between 1857 and 1859 on the site of the former botanical garden based on a design by the architect Carl Ferdinand Busse under the direction of the city architect Paul Richard Thomann . Around 80% of the construction costs were borne by the city of Bonn. The building is on a cross-shaped floor plan and is kept in early Renaissance forms , the main entrance has a portico with columns of the Ionic order . It was supplemented from 1862–1864 by a prison in the area behind the district court, which was built as an L-shaped building on the bastion “St. Marien “, the old Bonn city fortifications . In 1882/83 the side wings were increased by one storey. In the years 1901 to 1904 the complex was completed with the addition of the district court with risalit-like protruding components in the neo-Romanesque style. A further elevation of the central projection and side wing took place in 1927.

At the end of the Second World War , the district court was damaged on January 6, 1945 in a bombing raid in the Allied air war , which destroyed the southern intermediate wing and the staircase hall. The public air raid shelter of the district court was also hit by a bomb - over 200 fatalities are reported. During the subsequent reconstruction of the regional court by 1955, the previous, strongly plastic ashlar plaster was not restored and the stairs were rebuilt with a different guide. In 1995, as part of an extensive modernization, the former prison building (built 1862–64, master's house from 1897, expanded 1897–1900), which had remained largely unchanged in terms of division and equipment, was demolished as part of an extensive modernization process. It was considered the oldest Prussian prison in the Rhine Province , its demolition as the loss of a unique certificate of the penitentiary system since the middle of the 19th century.

District Court Bonn, part of the building on Oxfordstrasse
Bonn Regional Court, aerial photo (2017)

In 2000, a new hall construction area with the meeting rooms for the criminal and civil sessions of the local and regional courts was completed. In 2001 a new part of the building with training rooms, canteen and library followed on Oxfordstraße, and in 2003 the so-called “twin building” on Alexanderstraße. The main building on Wilhelmstrasse was fundamentally rebuilt in 2003, particularly in the hall area. It takes on the common input for State and district court and stands as a monument under monument protection .

Judicial district

The regional court district of Bonn includes the district courts of Bonn , Euskirchen , Königswinter , Rheinbach , Siegburg and Waldbröl . In addition to the Bonn city area, the entire Rhein-Sieg district as well as parts of the Euskirchen district and the Oberbergisches Kreis are located in the district .

See also


Web links

Commons : Landgericht Bonn  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ HA Fecht: The court constitutions of the German states, 1868, p. 175, online
  2. http://www.aachener-zeitung.de/lokales/region/interview-praesident-des-landgerichts-wechselelt-nach-bonn-1.1656947
  3. Monument plaque , Wikimedia Commons
  4. a b c War fates of German architecture. Loss - damage - reconstruction. Documentation for the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany. Volume 1: Nord , Karl Wachholtz Verlag, Neumünster 1988, ISBN 3-529-02685-9 , p. 387.
  5. ^ A b State Conservator North Rhine-Westphalia (Ed.): Yearbook of the Rheinische Denkmalpflege 39 . Michael Imhof Verlag, Petersberg 2004, ISBN 3-937251-23-5 , p. 222.
  6. ^ Claudia Euskirchen, Olaf Gisbertz, Ulrich Schäfer and others (arrangement): North Rhine-Westphalia I. Rhineland . (= Georg Dehio (†): Handbuch der Deutschen Kunstdenkmäler ). Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2005, ISBN 978-3-422-03093-0 , p. 171.
  7. ^ Bonn District Court: Building
  8. List of monuments of the city of Bonn (as of March 15, 2019), p. 58, number A 867

Coordinates: 50 ° 44 ′ 16.2 "  N , 7 ° 5 ′ 51.2"  E