Origin, studies and professional activity
Herbert Reul and his sister grew up as children of elementary school teacher Karl Reul in a conservative family in Leichlingen . Like his father, Herbert Reul wanted to become a teacher after graduating from high school in 1971. From 1972 to 1979 he completed a teaching degree at the University of Cologne in the courses of social science and educational science (first state examination 1979, second state examination 1981). From 1979 Reul worked as a student trainee and from 1981 to 1985 was a teacher at the municipal grammar school in Wermelskirchen . From 1985 to 2017 (when he reached retirement age), Herbert Reul was on leave as a member of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia. Reul is married, has three grown daughters and lives in Leichlingen.
Party and parliamentary activity
As a 19-year-old high school student, Herbert Reul became a CDU member in 1971. Since 1987 he has been a member of the state board of the CDU North Rhine-Westphalia , from 1991 to 2003 he was its general secretary. From 1990 to 2007 he was chairman and then honorary chairman of the CDU in the Rheinisch-Bergisches Kreis . Since 2003 he has been district chairman of the CDU in the Bergisches Land . As chairman of the CDU / CSU group in the European Parliament, he was also an advisory member of the CDU federal executive committee from 2012 to 2017.
Local and state parliaments
From 1975 to 1992, Reul was CDU city councilor in Leichlingen. From 1985 to 2004 Reul belonged to the state parliament of North Rhine-Westphalia , was from 1985 to 1991 school policy spokesman for the CDU parliamentary group and most recently one of its deputy parliamentary group chairmen.
In 2004 he retired from the North Rhine-Westphalian from parliament after he in the 2004 European elections to the European Parliament was elected. Here he was a member of the parliamentary group of the European People's Party , to which the CDU belongs, and was among other things Parliament's shadow rapporteur for the framework decision on data retention . In the 2009 European elections Reul was re-elected. From 2009 to 2012 he was Chairman of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy , and he was also a deputy member of the Committee on Transport and Tourism . In 2011, the organizations Corporate Europe Observatory and Lobbycontrol included Reul in their list of MEPs with possible conflicts of interest , as he was also chairman of the energy committee and paid member of the supervisory board of an energy company, Rheinenergie AG, of which RWE subsidiary innogy held 20 percent is involved. In 2010 he told the Internet news portal Euractiv with regard to the Europe 2020 economic program that he was not an opponent of “green” technologies, but refused to narrow it down to such. "The future of European industry is not green, it is colorful."
From January 2012 to June 2017 he was chairman of the CDU / CSU group in the European Parliament, the largest national party delegation with 34 members. Reul also chaired the European Parliament delegation for relations with the Korean Peninsula. In July 2013 he toured North Korea as one of the first Western politicians since the North Korean nuclear tests in spring 2013. In October 2014, he criticized the Slovenian politician Violeta Bulc , who was nominated for the Juncker Commission, for her closeness to New Age and esotericism , among other things . which he is said to have revised later.
In September 2017 it became known that Reul had still received earnings as a member of the European Parliament for July, although he was already a member of the new state government and was paid from the state budget. Since a remittance was not possible according to information from the EU Parliament Administration, he decided to donate the amount of 6600 € to the Police Foundation NRW.
State Ministry of the Interior
Police task law of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia
As acting head of the Ministry of the Interior of North Rhine-Westphalia, Reul played a key role in the reform of the Police Task Act of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (PolG NRW), which attracted criticism from opposition parties, numerous civil rights associations and the state data protection officer, Helga Block . The planned measures were directed against a large number of bystanders, an expansion of video surveillance and the surveillance of telecommunications were described by them as a "serious interference with the Basic Law". The police are increasingly taking over the work of the intelligence services through the new law . After a hearing of experts, the state government decided to postpone the introduction of the law until after the summer break of 2018 and announced improvements. Previously, the FDP parliamentary group had joined several points of criticism as a coalition partner. One of the points of contention was in particular the possibility of detention without the actual existence of a criminal offense. Up until now, a “specific danger” had to emanate from the perpetrator, but in the future an “imminent danger” will be sufficient to hold onto it for up to a month. Interior Minister Reul rejected the criticism and defended the planned future preventive approach. It is true that one cannot rule out taking innocent people into custody. “But when I have the choice of having someone in jail for a day too long with the wrong news, or to keep a bomb from going off and 100 people dead, then I choose to save people's lives. “Preventive measures are also subject to a judge's reservation . The Greens and SPD in the North Rhine-Westphalian state parliament reserved an action before the state constitutional court .
Police and judiciary
In addition to the reform of the Police Tasks Act, Reul campaigned for improved equipment for the North Rhine-Westphalian police, including the introduction of so-called “spit hoods” to protect officers against infections caused by spitting . In this context, newspapers of the Funke media group reported that, according to the State Criminal Police Office, over 900 police officers were spat at during operations in 2017 . He also announced an increase in the police force by 2,300 new posts in 2017 and 500 more positions in the administration for 2018, and added: "The number of staff alone will not fix it." In the summer of 2018, Reul explained the number of police candidates wanting to increase again by 100 places. Above all, it is important to strengthen the criminal police , the LKA and the state security in order to replace experienced investigators who have retired there. The WDR reported at the beginning of 2020 that in 2019 the North Rhine-Westphalian police hired a total of 2500 new candidates.
Under Minister of the Interior Reul, the obligation to label police officers introduced by the previous government was suspended . In a press release from the Ministry of the Interior, he justified this step with a lack of factual basis. "Instead of placing our police officers under general suspicion, we as a society have to regain more respect and trust for the police." Proponents of the label have so far failed to provide any evidence that the police officers reported are not identifiable, the regulation therefore bypasses everyday police operations .
Reul came under pressure several times as a result of the behavior of police officers . After the Israeli-American philosopher Yitzhak Melamed was the victim of an anti-Semitic attack in Bonn's Hofgarten on July 11, 2018 , police officers who were summoned to pursue the attacker mistakenly held him for the perpetrator, overpowered him and arrested him. Reul promised "unreserved clarification" and emphasized the investigation by an independent public prosecutor. In connection with a discussion about the proportionality of an arrest at a demonstration against right-wing extremism in June 2018 in the Wuppertal district of Barmen , Reul found to a meeting of the Interior Committee that was called at the request of several parliamentary groups that the officials "proceeded in a differentiated manner and with an appropriate intervention threshold". However, he admitted errors in the information policy of the authorities after the Wuppertal police headquarters refused to provide information on the course of the planned march of the party " The Rights " on the grounds that they could counter-demonstrators in their " paramilitary tactical situation exploration" and when "creating Depots of projectiles “help, which was criticized. Reul explained this with great time pressure, which had led to an “irrelevant mixing of left-wing autonomous crimes with the civil exercise of basic rights” and referred to a statement by the police chief, who had expressly denied the intention to “members of civil society under general suspicion and into a violent, paramilitary corner ”. In this context, criticism was also expressed of the SPD MP Andreas Bialas , who filmed the police measures but published the recordings without the necessary context.
After an accident in the JVA Kleve , in which a Syrian who was innocently detained as a result of a mistake of identity died in a fire in his cell in September 2018, Reul admitted a serious mistake in his area of responsibility. Police officers had failed to check the identity of the 26-year-old, contrary to the applicable service regulations, as the person actually wanted bears no resemblance to the detainee. Reul apologized to the family of the deceased and stated: "We must do everything we can to ensure that such a case does not happen again."
Politically motivated crime
Reul launched a dropout program for left-wing extremists called "left" . Various concepts for the public relations work of the program were developed in cooperation with students from the Institute for Linguistics and Communication Studies at RWTH Aachen University and presented in an ideas competition. A few weeks later, it turned out that one of the award-winning students belonged to the “Teutonia Aachen” fraternity , which in turn belonged to the umbrella association of the German fraternity until 2012 . Reul immediately distanced himself from this and pointed out that the winner had only started his activities in the fraternity after the award. According to a report by WELT , the program has so far supported 21 dropouts in December 2018. Existing programs for dropouts from the right-wing scene were also renewed, including with poster campaigns in places with high levels of activity. The WDR reported that in the past 17 years 180 members of the scene in North Rhine-Westphalia had succeeded in leaving.
Occupation of the Hambach Forest
Herbert Reul took a clear position against the occupation of the Hambach Forest . Environmental activists who wanted to prevent the clearing, he said: "This self-proclaimed environmentalists do not want to save trees, but to abolish the state." Compared with the daily newspaper DIE WELT , he justified this on the fact that in the forest squatters "dangerous left extreme potential approach mature". A high level of militancy can already be demonstrated among the extremist forest occupiers . He also criticized the lack of distance of some supporters: "Those who cover such violent criminals are complicit." In a comment by WDR , Reul was accused of not missing an opportunity to criminalize the protest.
In an interview with the Rheinische Post , Reul said it was "unbelievable" for him that after a journalist fell 15 meters from a suspension bridge between tree houses and had a fatal accident, the squatters during the resuscitation measures of the rescue workers " Fuck it, eviction is only once a year ”chanted. He relied on statements from local police officers. A little later he admitted a misrepresentation. Spiegel Online reported on October 12, 2018 that the wording was approved by activists on that day, but not in the vicinity of the accident site and not in connection with the accident, and quoted a spokesman for the North Rhine-Westphalian Ministry of the Interior that it was happening “Apparently a misunderstanding”, which the minister regrets. Activists had accused Reul of impiety because the clearing of the tree houses had only been interrupted for a short time. Reul, in turn, accused the other side of having erected new houses and barricades, including on escape routes, during the moratorium . He later refused to provide information about the total costs of the police operation, on the grounds that “police operations should not be given price tags”. In an online petition , more than 33,000 signatories called for his resignation due to his behavior during the protests in the Hambach Forest.
In February 2019, Reul submitted a report to the interior committee of the North Rhine-Westphalian state parliament, which describes 1,500 police operations in four months (calculated from October 2018) and almost 1,700 incidents registered by the police as criminal offenses in connection with the occupation of the Hambach Forest , listed in four years (calculated from 2015). A report by the taz questioned these figures; In direct connection with the protests there were only 56 missions, and the report did not differentiate between charges and actual convictions.
In connection with allegedly not held talks between the Minister of the Interior and RWE, Reul is again criticized in September 2019.
Homeland Security and Justice
Regarding the formulation of a " zero tolerance policy " contained in the coalition agreement of the black and yellow state government of North Rhine-Westphalia , Reul explained in an interview with the FAZ that anyone who violates the rules must expect a suitable sanction. Although criminal offenses are declining overall , "serious problems" are still present in areas such as clan crime . The introduction of an evidence preservation and arrest unit had taken place in North Rhine-Westphalia as the last federal state, and a new edition of the Police Tasks Act was necessary in order to take action against gangs of thieves and drug dealers. He added, however, in a relativizing way: “Some think that I wanted to have water cannons set up everywhere. That is of course nonsense. "
In an interview with the Westfalen-Blatt in September 2017, Reul spoke of the problem of cell phone video recordings by onlookers in traffic accidents regarding a “bad type of event culture”, but at the same time made it clear that combating such a thing would be difficult. “You can't regulate this with laws alone. Gawkers need social control. "
After an increased number of violent attacks against paramedics and firefighters , Reul spoke out in favor of the use of cameras in emergency vehicles . This could provide evidence that would enable the perpetrators to be “arrested”. However , he refused to further tighten the penalties for acts of violence against emergency services .
Reul repeatedly emphasized the need to modernize the North Rhine-Westphalian police . A further digitization of these, for example with the networking of patrol cars, is of particular importance . When asked in an interview with Westfälische Nachrichten whether the police could be supported by “ vigilante groups ”, he replied: “Vigilante groups do not lead to more security, on the contrary: I consider them dangerous. Those who form a vigilante group are scratching the rule of law's monopoly on the use of force. ”He also advocated the need to create new posts in the police force and administration, but emphasized that rural and metropolitan areas should be taken into account equally.
Herbert Reul told the Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung in March 2018 that he wanted to revise the criminal offense of breach of the peace . He justified this by making it more difficult for bystanders to arrest violent assembly participants; Anyone who forms such a "protective shield" is just as guilty. As part of the new Police Task Act, he spoke out in favor of the introduction of electronic ankle cuffs , an expansion of video surveillance and strategic manhunt in order to adapt these to “new challenges”. He rejected concerns about data protection . “We allow a private company to store license plates on the highway in order to collect the toll, but we do not allow the state to do this to search for criminals. We have to give the police laws so they can work. "
After serious clashes between Hertha BSC fans and the police in Dortmund's Westfalenstadion in October 2018, Reul called for tougher action against "problem fans ". He cited personalized tickets and more thorough controls as possible measures to make it more difficult to smuggle pyrotechnics and other objects into the curves. However, ensuring safety within the stadiums is still primarily the task of the clubs, from which they should not be released.
In connection with the Sami A. case , Reul told the Rheinische Post that judges should “always keep an eye on that their decisions correspond to the legal perception of the population”. The statement met with wide criticism. Marked Heinrich Amadeus Wolff 's statements as "unconstitutional", repeatedly called for his resignation. Reul then apologized on the grounds that he had been misunderstood.
Herbert Reul is considered an opponent of the annual time change . Regarding the usefulness of the time change, Reul stated: “Death caused by time change is not later included as a diagnosis in the patient file, but the effect should not be underestimated. The time change and the forced change in the bio-rhythm could trigger sleep disorders. These sleep disorders in turn could lead to cardiovascular diseases in the long term or to a higher risk of developing cancer. ”The news magazine Der Spiegel describes Reul in 2009 as“ the most ardent fighter against the turning of the pointer ”. When the Federal Minister of the Interior at the time, Wolfgang Schäuble Reul, pointed out the need to change the time on the grounds that "the European internal market requires the hands to be turned back and forth", Herbert Reul said:
"I haven't read anything so absurd in my whole life."
Economic and energy policy
Herbert Reul supports the federal government's crisis policy, the v. a. aims to consolidate budgets and structural reforms in the eurozone and firmly rejects the communitisation of debts through Eurobonds or debt redemption funds . In 2013 Reul was the CDU / CSU negotiator in the sub-working group “Banking Regulation, Europe and the Euro” in the coalition negotiations between the CDU / CSU and the SPD for the formation of a new federal government.
Reul is particularly involved in energy policy and is considered a critic of both the German energy transition and the Renewable Energy Sources Act . Reul was the European Parliament's rapporteur for renewable energies in 2012/2013 . The scientist Hans-Jochen Luhmann ( Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment, Energy ) described Reul in a publication as " climate-skeptical motivated". As a member of parliament, in 2014 he described the EU Ecodesign Directive as a “planned economy”, saying that there are more important things in Europe. In 2013, he criticized an amendment to the EIA Directive by the EU Parliament in a press release from the EPP Group as a “bureaucratic monster bursting with regulations”. The adopted bill is one-sided and creates conditions, legal uncertainties and complications, the added value of which for the environment is more than questionable.
In the negotiations on the new EU research framework program Horizon 2020 , Reul made a proposal to bring research weaker EU member states forward: The "Teaming Excellence" initiative aims to bring together promising regions with excellent research institutions that are already established and compete with one To compete against each other concept for the establishment of a top research center. This is to be financed through structural funds for the necessary infrastructure and through funds from the research area when it comes to scientific work.
Union candidate for Chancellor
Herbert Reul has spoken out clearly against the CSU chairman Markus Söder as the Union's candidate for chancellor . For Reul it is inexplicable how voters could get the idea that Söder is a good candidate for chancellor , Reul told the Kölner Stadt-Anzeiger :
“Hot air and a policy that relies on staging do not get the CDU any further. Söder has done serious damage to the Union with his strategy of wanting to overtake the AfD on the right since 2015. That cost us almost 20 percent approval. "
Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany : 1999 Cross of Merit on Ribbon, 2018 Order of Merit 1st class
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|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (CDU), MdL, MdEP|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 31, 1952|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Langenfeld|