Johan Nygaardsvold

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Johan Nygaardsvold around 1934

Johan Nygaardsvold [ 'ny: go: rsvɔl ] (born September 6, 1879 in Hommelvik , † March 13, 1952 in Trondheim ) was a Norwegian politician .


Nygaardsvold grew up as the son of a forest farmer. As a teenager he worked in sawmills , brickworks and on farms. This experience was a great advantage for his later work as Minister of Agriculture.

Political beginnings

As a member of the Labor Party , Nygaardsvold was a member of the Storting from 1916 to 1949 and its president in 1928 and 1934/1935.

In 1928 he became Minister of Agriculture.

Prime Minister

On March 20, 1935 he took over the office of Minister of State (Prime Minister) of Norway. On April 9, 1940, Norway was occupied by the German Reich as part of Operation Weser Exercise . Johan Nygaardsvold fled with the government first to Hamar and Elverum and then from May 5th to Great Britain . During the Second World War he was Prime Minister of the government in exile in London . From 1942, Vidkun Quisling , leader of the "Norwegian National Association", served as Prime Minister in Norway.

The government-in-exile under Prime Minister Johan Nygaardsvold returned to Norway on May 31, 1945. On June 26, 1945 he made this office available, but remained a member of parliament.

Web links

predecessor Office successor

Johan Ludwig Mowinckel
Prime Minister of Norway

Einar Gerhardsen