The Vulcão dos Capelinhos is a volcano on the Azores island of Faial . The name Capelinhos means "Little Capelo" and is a diminutive of Capelo , a municipality in the district of Horta on Faial. The Capelinhos is located in the municipality of Capelo.
A series of seismic activities began to emerge on September 16, 1957 on the Azores island of Faial an impending volcanic eruption . The eruption finally took place on September 27, 1957, about 1 km from the western tip of the island, in the open sea. The newly formed volcanic island united with the main island of Faial on November 12, 1957, the activity of the volcano ended on October 24, 1958.
The approximately 2.4 km² large peninsula that was created by the volcanic eruption was baptized Ponta dos Capelinhos .
Around 2,000 people had to be resettled, and many of the island's residents finally decided to emigrate to the USA , which, through a special law, waived a green card and thus made it possible for those affected by the disaster to immigrate.
Capelinhos is at the end of a series of volcanoes, including the Caldeira with the Cabeço Gordo , the highest point in Faial.
The landmark of the Ponta dos Capelinhos is the partially destroyed lighthouse that stands on the steep cliffs of Capelo.
Around half of the land mass of the Capelinhos, which consists mainly of volcanic ash , has now sunk back into the sea.
- F. Machado, Willard H. Parsons; Adrian F. Richards, John W. Mulford: Capelinhos Eruption of Fayal Volcano, Azores, 1957-1958 . In: Journal of Geophysical Research , 67, 1962, p. 3519. (English)
- RC Mitchell-Thorme: Vulcanicity of Historic Times in the Middle Atlantic Islands . In: Bulletin of Volcanology , 44, 1981, pp. 57-70. (English)
- P. Cole, A. Duncan, J. Guest: Capelinhos: The disappearing volcano . In: Geology Today 12, No. 2, 1996, pp. 68-72. (English)
- Farol da Ponta dos Capelinhos / Centro de Interpretação do Vulcão dos Capelinhos on the website of the Portuguese Information System for Architectural Heritage (Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, SIPA), accessed on August 12, 2015 (Portuguese).