Maria Margarete Anna Schell (born January 15, 1926 in Vienna , † April 26, 2005 in Preitenegg , Carinthia ) was an Austrian - Swiss actress . She was one of the biggest stars of German-language film of the 1950s and 1960s.
Maria Schell was the daughter of Hermann Ferdinand Schell , a Swiss writer , and Margarethe Noé von Nordberg , a Viennese actress. She grew up with her siblings Maximilian , Carl and Immy first in Austria to before the family after the connection of Austria to the German Reich in 1938 to Zurich fled.
However, the family without money did not have the opportunity to live together with relatives. So the parents distributed the children. Maximilian and Carl came to an orphanage in Basel, Immy to a children's home in Brunnen near Schwyz and Maria in Colmar. Here she learned French without an accent. Only then did she later have the opportunity to take on the role of Gervaise in the film of the same name . At the end of August 1939 she went to live with her parents in Zurich. She actually only wanted to go on vacation for a week, but a few days later the war broke out.
Schell broke off a commercial apprenticeship when her talent was discovered by Sigfrit Steiner and she got a film role in the film Steibruch at the side of Heinrich Gretler in 1942 . At that time she played under the name Gritli Schell without any special training. Only then did she take acting lessons and receive several theater engagements . From 1948 she turned back to film. Schell played her first leading role in 1948 in The Angel with the Trumpet . Films with Dieter Borsche ( Dr. Holl ) and OW Fischer followed again and again .
Her role in The Last Bridge , directed by Helmut Käutner, brought Schell the 1954 Grand Prix of the Cannes International Film Festival for best actress. In the same year she was honored in Venice with the “Coppa Volpi” for the title role of the laundress in Gervaise , which was also nominated for an Oscar for best foreign film . During her stay in Hollywood on the occasion of the award ceremony, she was “discovered” by Yul Brynner in a hotel lobby; he stood up for her as the cast of "Gruschenka" in the film adaptation of Dostoyevsky's novel The Brothers Karamazov . Schell then turned u. a. with Gary Cooper in The Gallows Tree and with Glenn Ford in Cimarron . The 1953 film As long as you are there also became famous . In the 1960s, Schell appeared increasingly on theater stages and on television.
In the 1970s she was frequently seen in television series such as Tatort , Derrick and Der Kommissar, as well as in an episode of the US series Kojak as Sister Lepar Angelica / Princess Viva Dushan. Fifty-year-old Schell made an exceptionally successful stage debut on Broadway in 1976: her portrayal in Pavel Kohout's Poor Murderer elicited exuberant praise.
In 1982 she played the role of Claire Zachanassian in Max Peter Ammann's stage film The Visit of the Old Lady by Friedrich Dürrenmatt . Her last big popular success was the television series The Happy Family (1987 to 1991). 1994/1995 she worked in the television saga Der Clan der Anna Voss . Her last appearance was in 1996 in the episode Heilig Blut in the crime series Tatort .
Sickness and death
In 1991, Schell attempted suicide. In her later years until shortly before her death, she lived in seclusion on an alpine pasture in Carinthia, which her parents inherited . Already in poor health, she also suffered two strokes. In 2002 her brother Maximilian shot the documentary My Sister Maria about her , which also addressed her elderly dementia . Both received the Bambi TV award for this . At the premiere of the film in February 2002, Maria Schell appeared in public for the last time.
Maria Schell was married to the director Horst Hächler from 1957 to 1965 and to the director Veit Relin from 1966 to 1986 . Both marriages ended in divorce. Her son Oliver (* 1962), who is active as a director, musician, stage operator and actor, comes from the first marriage, and from the second her daughter Marie Theres Kroetz-Relin (* 1966), who is also an actress.
From her fellow actor Oskar Werner she was nicknamed "little soul", which she disliked all her life (" Because little soul is the reduction of the soul. Not to be taken very seriously ").
The actress has received numerous film awards and honors over the course of her career: eight times the Bambi , the Coppa Volpi at the Venice Film Festival , the German Film Prize and the Federal Cross of Merit . On the occasion of the 10th anniversary of her death, Austrian Post dedicated a special stamp to her.
- 1942: Steibruch
- 1948: After the storm
- 1948: The angel with the trumpet
- 1948: Maresi
- 1950: there comes a day
- 1951: Dr. Holl
- 1951: The Wonderful Flicker Box (The Magic Box)
- 1952: When the Heart Speaks (So Little Time)
- 1952: Until we meet again
- 1953: The dreaming mouth
- 1953: As long as you are there
- 1953: Diary of a lover
- 1954: The last bridge
- 1954: Napoleon (Napoléon)
- 1955: Lord of life and death
- 1955: The rats
- 1956: Cyclone on the Po (Urugano sul Po)
- 1956: Gervaise
- 1957: Rose Bernd
- 1957: White Nights (Le notti bianche)
- 1958: The Brothers Karamazov (The Brothers Karamazov)
- 1958: A Woman's Life (Une vie)
- 1958: The Hanging Tree (The Hanging Tree)
- 1958: The Schinderhannes
- 1959: Predatory fishermen in Hellas
- 1960: Cimarron
- 1960: Branded (The Mark)
- 1961: The ferris wheel
- 1962: I'm only a woman too
- 1963: Two whiskeys and a sofa
- 1968: The hot death (99 mujeres)
- 1969: The witch-slayer of Blackmoor (El proceso de las brujas)
- 1971: Dans la poussière du soleil
- 1972: The Rectory Comedy
- 1972: Chamsin lead role and production
- 1974: The Odessa File (The Odessa File)
- 1975: One way or another life is
- 1975: Change
- 1976: The Mad Rich (Folies bourgeoises)
- 1976: Voyage of the Damned (Voyage of the Damned)
- 1978: Losers' game
- 1978: Superman
- 1979: The first polka
- 1982: The Walker of Sans-Souci (La Passante de Sans-Souci)
- 1984: King Thrushbeard
- 2002: My sister Maria (documentation)
- 1969: The Commissioner - Scream Outside the Window (TV series)
- 1971: Olympia-Olympia (TV movie)
- 1972: Marie (TV movie)
- 1973: The Commissioner - The Death of Karin W. (TV series)
- 1975: The Commissioner - On the Edge of Events (TV series, episode 84)
- 1975: Tatort - The Reckoning (TV series)
- 1976: Kojak - deployment in Manhattan ( Kojak , TV series, episode 4x11: The Princess )
- 1976: Derrick - Yellow He (TV series)
- 1977: Tea Roses (TV movie)
- 1978: Derrick - Piano Concerto (TV series)
- 1980: The Mars Chronicles (TV multi-part)
- 1981: The Dream Ship (TV series)
- 1982: Inside the Third Reich (TV series)
- 1982: Mrs. Jenny Treibel (TV movie)
- 1982: The Old Lady's Visit (TV movie)
- 1983: The Marriage Certificate (TV movie)
- 1984: Samson and Delilah (Samson and Delilah) (TV movie)
- 1985: Twice 30 - Maria Schell Special
- 1987–1991: The Happy Family (TV series, 49 episodes)
- 1991: The Last Word (Le Dernier mot) (TV movie)
- 1993: After a long time (TV movie)
- 1995: The Anna Voss Clan (TV series)
- 1996: Tatort - Holy Blood (TV series)
- 1996: Dr. Berg - Only life matters (La Passion de docteur Bergh)
- 1951-1957, 1987, 2002: Bambi
- 1954: Honorable Mention at the Cannes International Film Festival for The Last Bridge
- 1956: Coppa Volpi at the Venice International Film Festival for Gervaise
- 1957 and 1958: Golden and Silver Bravo Otto
- 1974: Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 1977: Filmband in gold for many years of excellent work in German film
- 1980: Great Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 1983: Golden Camera
- 2002: Austrian Cross of Honor for Science and Art, 1st class
- 2008: Maria-Schell-Strasse was named after her in Vienna- Landstrasse (3rd district, Aspanggrund area / Euro-Gate) .
- 2015: Austrian Post dedicated a special stamp from the series “Austrians in Hollywood” to Maria Schell.
- 2020: In Wasserburg a.Inn , Maria-Schell-Straße was named after her.
From 1952 she received a tram pass for life from the city of Karlsruhe as an award for the many Bambis she received.
- The preciousness of the moment. Thoughts, memories. Langen Müller, Munich 1985, ISBN 3-7844-2072-9 .
- “... and if it's a cat!” My way through life. Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach 1998, ISBN 3-404-12784-6 .
- Mato Weiland: Maria Schell. The authorized Maria Schell story. 24 full page. Art print pictures. Massimo-Verlag, Vienna 1959, ÖNB .
- Herbert Spaich: Maria Schell - her films - her life. [Heyne-Bücher, 32] Heyne-Filmbibliothek, 99, Munich 1986, ISBN 3-453-86101-9 .
- Hermann Josef Huber: cheerful star parade. 300 anecdotes from Hans Albers to Maria Schell. Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau / Basel / Vienna 1989, ISBN 3-451-08640-9 .
- Maximilian Schell, Gero von Boehm , Thomas Montasser: My sister Maria. Europa-Verlag, Hamburg 2004, ISBN 3-203-82037-4 .
- Thomas Blubacher : Maria Schell . In: Andreas Kotte (Ed.): Theater Lexikon der Schweiz . Volume 3, Chronos, Zurich 2005, ISBN 3-0340-0715-9 , p. 1596 f.
- Maja Keppler (Red.), Deutsches Filmmuseum (Ed.): Maria Schell, [an exhibition by the German Film Museum January 31 to June 17, 2007 Frankfurt am Main, July to October 2007 at Wolfsberg Castle, Carinthia (Austria)]. Series of publications by the Deutsches Filmmuseum: Kinematograph, 22, Frankfurt am Main 2006, ISBN 3-89487-551-8 .
- Christine Wyss: Schell, Maria. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Manfred Zlotorzenski: The Bambi and Maria Schell . In: Menschen und Medien - Zeitschrift für Kultur- und Kommunikationpsychologie, Berlin.
- Literature by and about Maria Schell in the catalog of the German National Library
- Maria Schell in theInternet Movie Database(English)
- Maria Schell at filmportal.de
- Maria Schell exhibition in the German Film Museum Frankfurt am Main and in Wolfsberg / Carinthia
- Maria Schell's estate at the Deutsches Filminstitut, Frankfurt am Main
- Entry on Maria Schell in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- November 5, 1959: Maria Schell visits Mayor Jonas . Web service of the City of Vienna 
- "Maria Schell" special stamp
- Information and photos about Maria Schell
- Schell, Maximilian: My sister Maria, Europa Verlag, Hamburg, 2004, p. 119
- Maria Schell […] Arbeiter-Zeitung, October 26, 1976, p. 18, center right ( digitized version )
- My sister Maria. Internet Movie Database , accessed June 8, 2015 .
- ( page no longer available , search in web archives: 3sat.de 2010 )
- knerger.de: The grave of Maria Schell
- The last curtain , Süddeutsche Zeitung of July 12, 2013
- Schell, Maria: The preciousness of the moment, Albert Langen Georg Müller Verlag GmbH, Munich, 1985, p. 41
- The Death of Karin W. Internet Movie Database , accessed June 8, 2015 .
- first Maria-Schell-Strasse is being built in Wasserburg. January 15, 2020, accessed February 9, 2020 .
- Schell, Maria: The preciousness of the moment, Albert Langen Georg Müller Verlag GmbH, Munich, 1985, pp. 241–242
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Schell, Maria Margarete Anna (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Austrian-Swiss actress|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 15, 1926|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Vienna , Austria|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 26, 2005|
|Place of death||Preitenegg , Carinthia , Austria|