Heinrich Gretler (born October 1, 1897 in Zurich - Hottingen ; † September 30, 1977 there ) was a Swiss actor . For several decades, Gretler was one of the most famous actors in German-speaking countries.
Gretler was the third child of chemical laboratory technician Heinrich Gretler and his wife Verona. He attended primary and secondary school in Zurich from 1902 to 1912. From 1912 to 1915 he received training at the Küsnacht teacher training college. From 1916 to 1918 he was first a country school teacher, then a private teacher.
Gretler, who had his first acting experience through appearances in amateur theater, took acting and singing lessons from Josef Dannegger . He began his career in 1918 as a tenor buffo at the Stadttheater Zürich , where he worked until 1926. In autumn 1919 he got an engagement at the Zurich Pfauenbühne .
After his first film appearance as Landenberg in The Origin of the Confederation , a film about Wilhelm Tell , he went to Berlin in 1926 . He subsequently appeared there in various small roles and initially played at the Lustspielhaus am Halleschen Ufer, then from 1928 to 1930 at the Volksbühne and finally at the Theater am Schiffbauerdamm . In the spring of 1933 he undertook a tour to Paris and London with the play Das kleine Mahagonny by Bertolt Brecht .
After the National Socialists seized power in Germany, he returned to Zurich and played at Cabaret Cornichon in 1933 , to which he was a member from 1935 to 1940. From 1933 to 1935 and again from 1938 to 1945 he worked again at the Schauspielhaus Zürich, in between he made guest appearances as a freelance actor on numerous Swiss theaters.
At this time Gretler acquired the reputation of a «Swiss Jannings», he took on the title roles of Wilhelm Tell , Nathan the Wise , Götz von Berlichingen with the Iron Hand , Captain von Köpenick , he played Falstaff , Fuhrmann Henschel (after Gerhart Hauptmann ) and the role of the village judge Adam in The Broken Jug .
After the end of the war he intensified his film activities and rarely appeared on stage. Above all , Gretler was regularly seen in numerous German homeland films of the 1950s - albeit often in supporting roles. He became known to a wider audience through his portrayal of Alpöhi in Heidi (1952) and Heidi and Peter (1955) and as father Kohlhiesel in the comedy Kohlhiesels Töchter (1962). In 1963 he returned to Switzerland and worked mainly as a television actor. His last role was in 1977 that of Pope Albert IV in The Day the Pope Was Kidnapped by João Bethencourt .
Heinrich Gretler took part in more than 120 films. He was married to the actress Marion Wünsche since 1943 and died the day before his 80th birthday. The grave is located in the Zurich Enzenbühl cemetery (FG 84049).
At the beginning of the 1980s it became known that the Gretlers had bequeathed their entire inheritance of CHF 400,000 to the agitated youth of Zurich .
- 1924: The creation of the Swiss Confederation
- 1927: The mysterious mirror
- 1928: The battle for the Matterhorn
- 1928: The man with the tree frog
- 1929: People on Sunday
- 1930: The last company
- 1930: The Sans-souci flute concert
- 1931: preliminary investigation
- 1931: M
- 1931: Berlin Alexanderplatz
- 1932: Five from the jazz band
- 1932: The Countess of Monte Christo
- 1932: The Tsar's diamond
- 1933: Me and the Empress
- 1933: The will of Dr. Mabuse
- 1933: How d'Warret works
- 1935: Yeah-soo!
- 1938: Fusilier Wipf
- 1939: Farinet ( L'or dans la montagne )
- 1939: Sergeant Studer
- 1940: The abused love letters
- 1941: Gilberte de Courgenay
- 1941: Landammann Stauffacher
- 1942: Steibruch
- 1944: Marie-Louise
- 1947: Matto rules
- 1949: white gold
- 1949: Swiss Tour
- 1950: The Seelenbräu
- 1950: hair dryer
- 1950: Hunted by the devil
- 1951: The cheerful farmer
- 1951: the last shot
- 1952: prisoner soul
- 1952: On the streets at night
- 1952: heart of the world
- 1952: The Devil's Heritage ( The Devil Makes Three )
- 1952: Heidi
- 1952: The exchange of women
- 1952: The great temptation
- 1953: The village under the sky
- 1953: The Venus from Tivoli
- 1953: Young heart full of love
- 1953: Life begins at seventeen
- 1953: Your heart is my home
- 1954: The sun in St. Moritz
- 1954: Rosen-Resli
- 1954: Uli the servant
- 1954: S'Vreneli vom Eggisberg
- 1955: Heidi and Peter
- 1955: Senior physician Dr. Solm
- 1955: a man forgets love
- 1955: The pastor of Kirchfeld
- 1955: The fisherman from Heiligensee
- 1955: Rose Monday
- 1955: son without a home
- 1955: The forester boys
- 1956: The legacy of the Pruggerhof
- 1956: The bell founder of Tyrol
- 1956: Small tent and great love
- 1956: The eyesore
- 1956: The mountains between us
- 1957: Robinson is not supposed to die
- 1957: Maiden War
- 1957: The King of the Bernina
- 1957: May 10th
- 1957: The saint and her fool
- 1957: The pastor of St. Michael
- 1958: It happened in broad daylight
- 1958: ... and nothing but the truth
- 1958: The black lightning
- 1958: a wonderful summer
- 1958: The dairy in vehicle joy
- 1959: the ideal woman
- 1959: Me and the cow ( La vache et le prisonnier )
- 1959: Do the sons still have ...?
- 1959: Old Heidelberg
- 1960: Heaven, Cupid and Thread
- 1960: reason for divorce: love
- 1960: Anne Bäbi Jowäger
- 1960: I always want to be yours
- 1960: Sabine and the 100 men
- 1961: The hunted
- 1961: Via Mala
- 1961: The Lord with the Millions (Le Cave se rebiffe)
- 1962: The roof over the Chopf
- 1962: Honey, I have to shoot you
- 1962: Freddy and the song of the South Seas
- 1962: Wild Waters
- 1962: The 42nd Heaven
- 1962: ... and the robbers pop forever
- 1962: Kohlhiesel's daughters
- 1963: The Invisible One
- 1967: Country doctor Dr. Brock
- 1970: Always the darned women
- 1970: Don't worry darling, I'll be careful!
- 1962: Hans Reinhart-Ring
- Thomas Blubacher : Heinrich Gretler . In: Andreas Kotte (Ed.): Theater Lexikon der Schweiz . Volume 1, Chronos, Zurich 2005, ISBN 3-0340-0715-9 , pp. 750 f.
- Kay Less : 'In life, more is taken from you than given ...'. Lexicon of filmmakers who emigrated from Germany and Austria between 1933 and 1945. A general overview. ACABUS-Verlag, Hamburg 2011, ISBN 978-3-86282-049-8 , p. 216 f.
- Werner Wollenberger : Heiri Gretler. The great Swiss actor . 2nd Edition. Pendo, Zurich 1978, ISBN 3-85842-024-7 .
- Literature by and about Heinrich Gretler in the catalog of the German National Library
- Felix Aeppli: Gretler, Heinrich. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Heinrich Gretler in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Heinrich Gretler at filmportal.de
- Knerger.de: The grave of Heinrich Gretler
- Jürgmeier: Public Enemies or Black and White. P. 42 , online archive catalog of the Zurich City Archives, estate, 1897–1977 (holdings) , Christoph Stückelberger: Mediation and Partisanship, p. 202
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Swiss actor|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 1, 1897|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Zurich - Hottingen|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 30, 1977|
|Place of death||Zurich - Hottingen|