Treaty of Rome
The Treaties of Rome (except in Germany and Italy simply called the Treaty of Rome ) were signed by Belgium , the Federal Republic of Germany , France , Italy , Luxembourg and the Netherlands in Rome on March 25, 1957 (Capitol, Hall of the Horatians and Curiatians in the Conservator's Palace ) . The treaties came into force on January 1, 1958 :
- the EEC Treaty , with which the European Economic Community (EEC) was established, originally called the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community ,
- the EURATOM Treaty , which established the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM), and
- the agreement on common organs for the European Communities , which stipulated that the EEC, EURATOM and the ECSC have a common parliamentary assembly (now the European Parliament ), a common court of justice , and a common economic and social committee .
The aforementioned communities together with the European Coal and Steel Community formed the European Communities . It was only with the merger agreement (1965) that the commissions and the councils of ministers were also merged.
|European Communities||Three pillars of the European Union|
|European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM)||→||←|
|European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC)||Contract expired in 2002||European Union (EU)|
|European Economic Community (EEC)||European Community (EC)|
|→||Justice and Home Affairs (JI)|
|Police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters (PJZS)||←|
|European Political Cooperation (EPC)||→||Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)||←|
|Western Union (WU)||Western European Union (WEU)|
|dissolved on July 1, 2011|
Goals of the communities established
EURATOM (European Atomic Energy Community)
- safe and effective nuclear energy
- Passing on important technical knowledge
- peaceful use
- joint research and development
- common approach to achieve achievements
- Modernization; Access to the best technical resources
- Safety standards
- common market for substances used
- Tasks performed by the Council, Commission, Assembly and the ECJ
EEC (European Economic Community)
- Securing social and economic progress
- Removal of European barriers; Abolition of customs duties
- Improvement of living and employment regulations
- constant economic expansion, balanced trade, fair competition
- common trade, agriculture and transport policies
- Maintaining peace and freedom
- greater stability, closer relations between states
- Free movement of people, services, capital and goods
- Approximation of national laws
- internal and external financial stability
The convergence of economic policies (tax alignment, environmental regulations, unemployment, minimum wages, ...) should take place gradually over a period of 12 years.
- A 10 DM commemorative coin from 1987 commemorates the thirtieth anniversary of the signing of the contract.
- On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome, each of the then thirteen countries of the euro zone minted a 2 euro commemorative coin with the same motif, each with national inscription. In the case of twelve coin variants, the contract signatures are embossed, only deepened in the Italian version . The coin issue of Luxembourg also contains a latent image of the profile of Grand Duke Henri on the lower left side of the image .
- Germany also commemorates the anniversary of the treaties with the issue of a 10 euro silver commemorative coin “50 Years of the Treaty of Rome” , which was designed by Carsten Mahn. Other countries also honored the anniversary with commemorative coins.
- For the 25th anniversary, the Deutsche Bundespost issued a special postage stamp. The issue date of the stamp designed by Blase was May 5, 1982.
- For the 50th anniversary, Germany issued a special stamp on March 1, 2007 , designed by Werner Hans Schmidt.
- Wilfried Loth : The way to Europe. History of European Integration 1939–1957. V&R, Göttingen 1996, ISBN 3-525-33565-2 .
- The European 'Relance' and the Treaty of Rome - historical context CVCE (Flash animation)
- European Commission : founding treaties
- 50 Years of the Treaty of Rome Scientific Services of the German Bundestag (PDF; 151 kB)
- It's Europe's birthday! - 50 years of the Treaty of Rome (2007)
- Congratulations Europe! ( Memento of December 21, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) - A look back at 50 years of the Treaty of Rome (2007)
- 50 years of the Treaty of Rome The pillars of the European Union
- Federal Archives: 50 Years of the Treaty of Rome
- The way to Rome. (PDF; 77 kB) Origin and meaning of the Rome Treaties. From Wilfried Loth. From the quarterly magazine Integration , issue 1, ed. Institute for European Politics , Berlin. Nomos Verlag , Baden-Baden 2007
- Treaty of Rome on the website of the Federal Agency for Civic Education (bpb.de)