Eucharistic sobriety

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Eucharistic sobriety (Latin ieiunium eucharisticum , “eucharistic fasting ”, like “ jejunum ” from ieiunus , “not having breakfast”, “sober”) means in the Catholic Church the abstinence from all food and drinks (except water and medicines) for a certain person Length of time before receiving Holy Communion .

Originally, communicants were required to stay sober from midnight of the day before receiving Holy Communion; Pope Pius XII shortened this period on March 19, 1957 with the Motu proprio Sacram communionem to three hours for solid meals and alcoholic beverages, to one hour for non-alcoholic beverages. In 1964 it was shortened to at least one hour with the papal decree Die XXI mensis .

In the Orthodox churches , the Eucharistic fast applies from midnight.


  • Giving communion and worshiping the Eucharist outside of mass . Published by the Liturgical Institutes of Salzburg, Trier, Zurich. Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau 1976, ISBN 3-451-17478-2 ( online ).

Individual evidence

  1. Alois Walde : Latin etymological dictionary. (= Indo-European library. Department 1: Collection of Indo-European text and handbooks. Series 2: Dictionaries. 1). Winter, Heidelberg 1906; 3rd edition revised by J. B. Hofmann there in 1938 (2 volumes and register volume by Elsbeth Berger from 1956); Reprints, declared as 4th to 6th edition, ibid 1954 to 2008, ISBN 978-3-533-00668-8 (vol. 1: A - L ), ISBN 978-3-8253-0669-4 (vol. 2 : M - Z ), here: Volume 1, p. 674 f.
  2. can. 919 ( Memento of the original from June 10, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. CIC @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. Sacram communionem , wording at
  4. ^ The XXI mensis , wording at
  5. ^ Document: On the participation of the faithful in the Eucharist . In: Berlin Diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church . November 1, 2016 ( [accessed March 26, 2017]).