Franco Frattini [ ˈfraŋko fraˈtːiːni ] (born March 14, 1957 in Rome ) is a now non-party Italian politician. Frattini was Italian regional minister from 1995 to 1996, minister for public administration from 2001 to 2002, and from 2002 to 2004 and from 2008 to 2011 foreign minister of the Silvio Berlusconi governments . From 2004 to 2008 he served as the EU Commissioner for Justice, Freedom and Security .
life and career
Lawyer and top civil servant (until 1996)
Frattini studied law at the La Sapienza University in Rome, passed the state examination in 1979 and worked as a public prosecutor from 1981 to 1984 . He then became a judge , initially at the Administrative Court of the Piedmont Region , from 1986 at the Consiglio di Stato . Until the upheaval of the Italian party system in 1994, Frattini was a member of the Partito Socialista Italiano (PSI), he was temporarily secretary of the party's youth organization (FGSI). From 1990 to 1991 he was legal advisor to his party colleague, Deputy Prime Minister Claudio Martelli . From 1993 to 1994 he was Deputy Secretary General of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers in the Ciampi cabinet
Frattini left the PSI after the Tangentopoli disintegrated scandal, and entered in 1994 the new party Forza Italia of Silvio Berlusconi at. After Berlusconi's election victory and his appointment as Prime Minister, Frattini was Secretary General of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers in the Berlusconi I cabinet . After Berlusconi's resignation in December 1994, Frattini became Minister for Public Administration and Regional Policy in the interim government of Lamberto Dini in 1995 ; in March 1996, Frattini resigned from this office.
Member of Parliament and Minister (1996-2004)
In the parliamentary elections of 1996 he was elected to the Italian Chamber of Deputies as representative of the constituency of Bozen - Laives for Forza Italia . As a representative of the opposition, he was chairman of the parliamentary control body for the intelligence and security services as well as state secrets (COPACO). From the first FI party conference in 1998, Frattini was a board member. He was assigned to the liberal-centrist wing of the party. Together with the economist Renato Brunetta (who, like Frattini, had switched from PSI to FI), he founded the Free Foundation in 2000 as a think tank that advocated the free market, the “lean” state, political and fiscal federalism.
In 2001 he ran again for the direct mandate in Bozen and Leifers, but was defeated by Gianclaudio Bressa from L'Ulivo , who was also supported by the South Tyrolean People's Party . Due to the complicated electoral system, Frattini entered parliament as a representative of Veneto via the FI's proportional representation list. He became Minister for Public Administration in the Berlusconi II cabinet in June 2001 . He was also responsible for preparing the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin . In November 2002 he became his country's foreign minister; he held the office until his appointment as Vice President of the EU Commission in 2004.
EU Commissioner and Foreign Minister (2004-2011)
From November 18, 2004 was Frattini European Commissioner for Justice, Freedom and Security and Vice-President of the EU Commission Barroso I . In March 2008 he announced that he would be leaving Brussels for one month to run for the upcoming Italian parliamentary elections. He was again given a seat in the House of Representatives, this time as a representative of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region . In May 2008, he resigned from his commission to return to national politics. His successor as Italian EU Commissioner was Antonio Tajani .
On May 8, 2008, Frattini was reappointed Foreign Minister in the Berlusconi IV cabinet ; he held this position until 2011. In 2009 Forza Italia became part of the center-right collecting party Il Popolo della Libertà (PdL). With the resignation of the Berlusconi government on November 16, 2011, Frattini's term as foreign minister also ended. He was followed by the top diplomat Giulio Terzi di Sant'Agata .
After the political career (from 2011)
However, Frattini remained a member of the Chamber of Deputies until the end of the legislative term in March 2013, where he was a member of the Committee on Foreign and EU Affairs. In December 2012 he left the PdL. For the general election in 2013 , he supported the Civic Choice of Mario Monti , but did not run even more. When the PdL renamed itself Forza Italia in autumn 2013 , Frattini described it as "extremist" and stated that it no longer had anything in common with the "liberal, modern and pro-European" Forza Italia, which he co-founded in 1994. From October 2013 he was an advisor to the Serbian government on reforms in preparation for EU accession. In 2014, Frattini ran to succeed Anders Fogh Rasmussen as Secretary General of NATO , but was unable to prevail against the Norwegian Jens Stoltenberg .
Since 2014 he has been President of the Supreme Sports Court of the National Olympic Committee of Italy (CONI). His successor as Italian Foreign Minister, Angelino Alfano , appointed Frattini as special envoy for the Transnistria conflict during the Italian OSCE presidency in January 2018 . Alfano stated that Frattini had "excellent relations with the Russian government". Frattini is an honorary professor at the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry.
honors and awards
- 2004: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
- 2004: Ix-Xirka Ġieħ ir-Repubblika
- 2005: Grand Cross of the Order of Infante Dom Henrique
- 2008: Knight of the Order of Pius
- 2011: Olympic medal
- Franco Frattini , in: Internationales Biographisches Archiv 11/2012 from March 13, 2012, in the Munzinger archive ( beginning of the article freely available)
- Klaus-Dieter Frankenberger, Tobias Piller and Andreas Ross: “Italy is not part of the euro problem at all”. In conversation: Franco Frattini. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung . October 27, 2011, accessed on October 27, 2011 (interview with Frattini on the euro crisis ).
- Giampiero Di Santo: Frattini, Forza Italia partito estremista. Tradite le origini. In: Italia Oggi , October 1, 2013.
- Frattini, sorpresa in serbo: sarà consulente di Belgrado. In: ilGiornale.it , October 8, 2013.
- Alfano: Situation in the Mediterranean area of global importance. In: Salzburger Nachrichten (online), 11 January 2018.
- Francesco Bechis: Le mosse dell'Italia all'Osce, guardando alla Russia. L'incarico a Frattini. In: Formiche , January 13, 2018.
- Price of a promise? Franco Frattini, OCSE special representative and former Italian FM. RT, March 1, 2018.
- cf. Heise Online: EU Commission wants to block Internet searches with "dangerous" words , September 11, 2007, 
- Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana. Retrieved August 15, 2019 .
- Wayback Machine. March 4, 2016, accessed August 15, 2019 .
- ENTIDADES ESTRANGEIRAS AGRACIADAS COM ORDENS PORTUGUESAS - Página Oficial the Order of Honoríficas Portuguesas. Retrieved August 15, 2019 .
- Order of Pius
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Italian politician, member of the Camera dei deputati|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 14, 1957|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Rome|