|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Upper Bavaria|
|Height :||646 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||9.15 km 2|
|Residents:||4241 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||464 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||82340|
|Primaries :||08157, 08158|
|License plate :||STA, WOR|
|Community key :||09 1 88 118|
|LOCODE :||DE FFI|
|Community structure:||4 districts|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Bernhard Sontheim (citizens' group)|
|Location of the municipality of Feldafing in the Starnberg district|
Feldafing is a municipality in the Upper Bavarian district of Starnberg . The place is at an altitude of on the west bank of Lake Starnberg and offers a panoramic view of the lake and part of the Alps .
There are four parts of the municipality (the type of settlement is given in brackets ):
- Feldafing ( parish village )
- Garatshausen ( village )
- Wieling ( Kirchdorf )
- Wörth (Roseninsel) (Castle)
Until the church is planted
Feldafing had belonged to Weilers Hofmark Garatshausen since 1565 , then came into the possession of Count La Rosée around 1760 . Thereafter, the place belonged to Duke Max Joseph in Bavaria , the father of the later Empress Elisabeth of Austria (Sissi). Feldafing was part of the closed Hofmark Garatshausen- Possenhofen of the Electorate of Bavaria . In the course of the administrative reforms in Bavaria , today's municipality was created with the municipal edict of 1818 .
19th and 20th centuries
During the time of National Socialism, there was an elite school of the NSDAP in Feldafing : the Reichsschule Feldafing . A satellite camp of the Dachau concentration camp was set up on the associated site in 1942 , and a memorial in the Jewish cemetery commemorates its victims today .
After the end of the Second World War , Feldafing belonged to the American zone of occupation . The area of the former Reichsschule with the barracks of the concentration camp was used by the military administration as a DP camp for Jewish so-called displaced persons , the DP camp Feldafing .
Feldafing achieved nationwide fame in the 1990s when the writer and art collector Lothar-Günther Buchheim wanted to present part of his art collection to the public in Feldafing. However, the municipality and Buchheim could not agree on a common museum concept and so years of quarrels ended in a referendum against the museum plan. Buchheim then went to the Bernried community with his works of art .
On January 1, 1978, small areas of the dissolved Traubing municipality with then about 50 inhabitants were incorporated .
Between 1988 and 2018 the municipality grew from 3,566 to 4,262 by 696 inhabitants or 19.5%.
|Course of population development|
The first mayor is Bernhard Sontheim (citizens' group). He was elected to office in 2002 as the successor to Günter Gerhard (CSU / party-free). In the local election on March 15, 2020, he was re-elected with 52.70% of the vote.
The municipal council consists of the first mayor and 16 elected members. In the local elections on March 15, 2020, 2,146 of the 3,438 residents entitled to vote in the municipality of Feldafing exercised their right to vote, bringing the turnout to 62.42%.
AUF = Aktion Independent Feldafinger BG = Citizens' Group Feldafing FL = Feldafing Women's List
coat of arms
|Blazon : "Under a blue shield head, inside a horizontal silver fish, in silver a green strawberry stick with two red fruits."|
Feldafing can boast a beautiful villa colony from the 19th century , including the Villa Carl , built in Art Nouveau by Richard Riemerschmid , or the Villa Waldberta , today the International Artists' House of the City of Munich . Another attraction is the Rose Island . The publicly accessible, elongated 18-hole golf course is located directly on the lake shore. The listed lido Feldafing , built in 1927 by Engelbert Knittl , exudes nostalgic charm.
Economy and Infrastructure
Economy including agriculture and forestry
According to official statistics, there were four employees at the place of work in the field of agriculture and forestry, 162 in the manufacturing sector and 57 in the trade and transport sector. In other economic sectors, 735 people were employed at the place of work subject to social insurance contributions. There were a total of 1,087 employees at the place of residence subject to social security contributions. There was one company in the manufacturing sector and two companies in the main construction sector. In addition, in 1999 there were eight farms with an agricultural area of 144 ha, 119 ha of which were permanent green space.
At educational institutions there are u. a. the Otto-Bernheim primary school, three kindergartens and an international training center of the German Society for International Cooperation .
The Feldafing train station is in the twenty- or forty minute of trains the S-Bahn line 6 of the Munich S-Bahn operated, so there is a direct connection to Munich's city center and with change in station Tutzing after Garmisch-Partenkirchen . There is also the start of the autobahn from Starnberg in the direction of Munich. Feldafing can be reached from the B2 federal road via Pöcking , Traubing or the Wieling district . Coming from Tutzing or Possenhofen , Feldafing can be reached via the state road St2063, also called Seestraße by the locals .
From spring to autumn there is a weather-dependent passenger ferry to Roseninsel.
- Hugo Ritter und Edler von Maffei (1836–1921), banker and entrepreneur, had the Villa Maffei built by Emanuel von Seidl .
- Edward Theodore Compton (1849–1921), English painter and mountaineer, lived in Feldafing until his death.
- Fritz Feinhals (1869–1940), Royal Bavarian Chamber Singer.
- Franz Koempel (1869–1950), physician, patron and co-founder of the Steuben Society New York, lived in the Villa Waldberta during the summer months with his wife Bertha Koempel (1882–1966), (art) collector, who used the house as a foundation donated to the city of Munich for charitable purposes.
- Otto Bernheimer (1877–1960), art collector and art historian ( Villa Bernheimer ), see also Jewish life in Munich
- Katia Mann (1883–1980), wife of the writer Thomas Mann, was born in Feldafing and came from the famous Pringsheim family.
- Klaus Pringsheim Sr. (1883–1972), conductor, composer, music teacher, music critic - born in Feldafing and twin brother Katia Manns
- Hans Albers (1891–1960), actor and singer, lived in the Feldafing district ( Garatshausen ) since 1935 .
- Kurt von Fritz (1900–1985), classical philologist, professor at the University of Rostock , at Columbia University , at the Free University of Berlin and at the University of Munich . He was also a lecturer at Corpus Christi College , Oxford and Reed College , Portland, Oregon , who died in Feldafing.
- Erich Hornsmann (1909–1999), lawyer, non-fiction author, lived in Feldafing until his death.
- Hans Baur (1910–1986), popular actor, District Court Counselor Stierhammer in the series Koenlicher Bayerisches Amtsgericht . His grave is in the Feldafing cemetery.
- Josef Metternich (1915–2005), opera singer and singing teacher, lived in Feldafing until his death and is buried here.
- Benno Sterzenbach (1916–1985), German actor and director.
- Lothar-Günther Buchheim (1918–2007), German writer, painter, art collector and publisher, lived in Feldafing from the post-war period until his death.
- Karlheinz Hoffmann (1925–2011), German sculptor, painter and poet, lived in Feldafing.
- Hanne Wieder (1925–1990), cabaret artist, died in Feldafing.
- Gert Günther Hoffmann (1929–1997), voice actor , died in Feldafing.
- Hans Mommsen (1930–2015), historian
- Lily Brett (* 1946), Australian-American writer, was born in Feldafing.
- Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger (* 1951), Federal Minister of Justice; has lived in Feldafing since the death of her husband Ernst.
- Alexander Hemmelrath (* 1953), auditor and tax advisor.
- Gesine Weinmiller (* 1963), architect
- Robert Pschorr (1868–1930), German chemist and son of the brewery owner Georg Pschorr
- Guido Buettgen (* 1967), writer
- Lothar-Günther Buchheim: The tropics of Feldafing. About seeing and painting , Piper, Munich / Zurich 1978, ISBN 3-492-02338-X ; Paperback dtv, Munich 1988, ISBN 3-423-02899-8 .
- Feldafing municipality (ed.): Feldafing town center. Pictures from past and present , Feldafing 1999.
- Dirk Heißerer (Ed.): Thomas Mann's Villino in Feldafing on Lake Starnberg 1919–1923 , Munich 2001.
- Culture department of the LH Munich (ed.) / Tobias Mahl: Cosmopolitan meeting and artist house. The Villa Waldberta as a mirror of the 20th century , Allitera, Munich 2006, ISBN 978-3-86520-216-1 .
- Gerhard Schober: Early villas and country houses on Lake Starnberg. In memory of a cultural landscape , Oreos, Waakirchen-Schaftlach 1999, ISBN 3-923657-53-6 .
- Simon Schochet: Feldafing , Vancouver 1983.
- Karin Sommer: From the extermination camp to the refugee camp. Jewish survivors of the Holocaust as 'Displaced Persons', in: Peter Fassl (Ed.), History and Culture of the Jews in Swabia II , Sigmaringen 2000, pp. 401–412.
- Feldafing Chronicle Working Group, Feldafing community, Ferdinand Kistler: Heimatbuch für Feldafing , 2 volumes, Friedl-Brehm, Feldafing 2010, 2012, ISBN 978-3-937165-06-6 .
Karin Sommer: One day it will be a peaceful place again. Simon Schochet's experiences in the Feldafing refugee camp. (Radio broadcast on January 11, 1992 on Bayerischer Rundfunk )
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Feldafing local council. Parish, accessed June 29, 2020 .
- Feldafing community in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bavarian State Library, accessed on September 9, 2019.
- Memorial for the victims of National Socialism. A documentation, Volume 1. Federal Agency for Civic Education , Bonn 1995, ISBN 3-89331-208-0 , p. 131
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 591 .
- Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing , accessed on July 12, 2014.
- Entry on Feldafing's coat of arms in the database of the House of Bavarian History