district of Berlin
|Residents||22,205 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||6185 inhabitants / km²|
Schmargendorf is a district in the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district of Berlin , which has been able to maintain its independent and rather small-town character with its own district center in Breiten Strasse and Berkaer Strasse to this day.
Extension and boundaries of the district
The BVV application that led to the definition of the new districts at the time describes the problem of delimiting the districts very succinctly:
“ Wilmersdorf was formed from the town of Deutsch-Wilmersdorf, the village of Schmargendorf, the Grunewald colony and part of the Grunewald forest . These are still parts of the district in their former district boundaries (exception Eichkamp , which was re- municipalityed from Wilmersdorf to Charlottenburg in 1937 ). The residents identify with their districts, but sometimes the borders shift in the minds of the residents. Some people who live in Wilmersdorf think they are Schmargendorfer, and quite a few Schmargendorfer think they live in Grunewald. "
According to the official district map of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, the boundaries of the district can be described as follows: In the northeast, the city motorway and the ring railway form the border to the districts of Halensee and Wilmersdorf . In the south-east, it is demarcated from Wilmersdorf by Mecklenburgische Strasse and Zoppoter Strasse . In the south the Lentzeallee and the Pücklerstraße form the border to Dahlem . It gets more difficult in the west: Coming from the south, the border with the district of Grunewald runs northwards west of the Goldfinkweg at the edge of the forest to Waldmeisterstraße and then follows this eastwards again to Clayallee . It follows this and the adjoining Hohenzollerndamm northeast to the Roseneck. Now the border runs northwards following Teplitzer Strasse to Hubertusallee, and then briefly to the southeast along Franzensbader Strasse and then Reinerzstrasse . Finally, the Auguste-Viktoria-Straße, leading north to the city motorway, forms the border with the Grunewald district.
Schmargendorf bordered to the north by the district Halensee , on the east by the district of Wilmersdorf , on the south by the district of Steglitz-Zehlendorf belonging Dahlem and the west by the district of Grunewald .
The foundation probably took place after 1220 in the course of the state expansion of the young Margraviate of Brandenburg , to stabilize the Ascanian margraves called settlers from Swabia , Thuringia , Flanders and Westphalia into the country. A village of the Slavic pre-population very likely did not exist here.
Schmargendorf was first mentioned in a document in 1354. The village church Schmargendorf was also built during this time . The name Schmargendorf originated from Margrevendorf, which means Markgrafendorf in High German and indicates the ownership structure.
It belonged to the von Wilmersdorff family as early as the 15th century . In 1799 Leopold Heinrich von Wilmersdorff (1732–1802) sold Schmargendorf to the Count of Podewils on Gusow, Friedrich Heinrich von Podewils . After his death in 1804 Karl Friedrich von Beyme acquired Schmargendorf. In 1807 the farmers were given the opportunity to purchase the land they cultivated. After Beyme's death, his daughter Charlotte Gerlach sold the Schmargendorf estate to the Prussian domain treasury .
The place received the status of an independent administrative district in 1899 (with about 2,000 inhabitants). In 1900 the now around 3,000 inhabitants had the new town hall built (at that time still on open fields) after the community had become rich mainly through the sales tax from property sales by the farmers, which, among other things, had been used for the expansion of Hohenzollerndamm since 1899 into a wide boulevard after the Patterns of the Kurfürstendamm were required.
The rural community of Schmargendorf was spun off from the Teltow district in 1920 and incorporated into the then new administrative district of Wilmersdorf as a district in Greater Berlin ; at that time it had 11,581 inhabitants.
The Wilmersdorf district went from 1 January 2001 in the new Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf on many buildings and facilities in Schmargendorf wear (yet) the former county name which is not to be understood as a place name, such as stadium Wilmersdorf , power plant Wilmersdorf , Stadtbad Wilmersdorf and Wilmersdorfer Seniors Foundation.
coat of arms
Although rural communities should not actually have a coat of arms, Schmargendorf got its own coat of arms on May 9, 1903. The coat of arms is divided diagonally to the left. Above in the silver field is a growing gold-armored red deer and below in the blue field is a silver lily . The two halves of the coat of arms symbolize the two families that Schmargendorf once owned: the stag is taken from the coat of arms of the von Podewils family and the lily of those von Wilmersdorff, who acquired shares in Schmargendorf in the 14th century.
When it was incorporated into Greater Berlin, it lost its validity and disappeared from official use.
Culture and sights
The town hall Schmargendorf on Berkaer Platz was built from 1900 to 1902 by Otto Kerwien in the style of Brandenburg brick Gothic and is based on medieval models from Stendal and Tangermünde . The district registry office has been located in the building since 1920 .
The village church of Schmargendorf from the 14th century is a typical field stone church in Brandenburg . With a usable area of 66 m², it is the smallest preserved church in Berlin. The truss - roof turret was built in 1831 and is paneled with wood since 1957th In 1937/1938 the church was largely restored to its original early Gothic condition and extensively renovated from 1990 to 1992. The baroque crucifix inside the church is dated to around 1700.
The high-rise at Roseneck was one of the first high-rise buildings in Berlin. It was built between 1954 and 1955 according to plans by Franz Heinrich Sobotka and Gustav Müller and has 15 floors. Because of the Y-shaped floor plan, all apartments have at least one south-facing room. The roof was used for fire protection in the summer of 2009 in order to observe the nearby Grunewald .
The former birth house in Dahlem on Lentzeallee was a maternity home run by the Missionary Sisters of the “Sacred Heart of Jesus” from Hiltrup from 1923 to 1971 , after which it was used by Senate administrations. Since March 2003 it has housed the international train of the private Kantschule, the Berlin International School.
The Germania cinema, which opened in 1929 on the corner of Ruhla and Hundekehlestrasse, was destroyed in the Second World War. The three movie theaters in Schmargendorf that were still preserved after the war - the Dedy in Warnemünder Straße (today: Aldi ), the Melodie cinema in Marienbader Straße (in the 1950s in the AEG building on Cunostraße ) and the German movie theater (since 1951 : Kammerspiele Schmargendorf ) in the Breiten Straße 33, about 100 meters from the village church, fell to the cinema die in the 1960s and 1970s. Two have been converted into supermarkets, the latter demolished.
The old course of the Breite Straße with many old buildings fell victim to straightening and widening for new buildings. The tram (line 51 from Roseneck to Bahnhof Zoo ), which meandered through the slightly winding street, was replaced by a bus line (former line A60).
In 2018, a so-called Tempohome shared accommodation (residential container) for up to 160 refugees was opened on Fritz-Wildung-Straße, the first of its kind in the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district.
Streets and squares
→ Main article : List of streets and squares in Berlin-Schmargendorf
In Schmargendorf there are 78 dedicated streets and 9 squares. 18 streets of these continue in neighboring districts with the same name. The total length of these streets in the district is 39.5 kilometers.
Parks and gardens
- Carl-Ludwig-Schleich-Promenade north of Plöner Strasse with a memorial stone for the doctor and poet Carl Ludwig Schleich
- Betty-Hirsch-Platz am Roseneck, named after the singer and educator Betty Hirsch, is to receive a scent and touch garden.
- the southern part of the Robert-Stolz-Anlage next to Clayallee and Dünkelbergsteig is reminiscent of the composer Robert Stolz
- Flinsberger Platz with three garden rooms separated by hedges
- Kissinger Platz, a garden monument created in the 1920s
- Allotment garden colonies: Alt-Rheingau, Blaupunkt, Friedrichshall, Kissingen, Mannheim, Oeynhausen, Paulsborn-Kudowa
- Rainwater retention basin Forckenbeckstrasse
The Wilmersdorf power station at Forckenbeckstrasse 3-6 was built in 1977 as a peak load power station on the site of the 1911 power station, which was dismantled in 1964. It works on the principle of combined heat and power , i.e. it generates electricity and heat at the same time. The three shimmering silver chimneys , each 102 meters high, are visible from afar . The operator of the power plant is the energy supply company Vattenfall .
The Berlin factory of the Reemtsma cigarette factory at Mecklenburgische Strasse 32 was the largest industrial facility in Schmargendorf. It was built between 1958 and 1959 on an earlier allotment garden . The distinctive chimney was raised in the 1980s because of a temporary odor nuisance. As a compensation, the company had already made the former Iserhatsche company recreation home in the Lüneburg Heath as a school camp available to the children of the district's schools . In 2008 the Imperial Tobacco Group decided to give up the location, and in June 2012 the factory was finally closed. A private investor has been working on the revitalization of the site as a mixed commercial and residential area since 2018.
The former site of the Bosch company at Forckenbeckstrasse 9-13 was given up for industrial use in 1995 and converted. As the Schmargendorf industrial park , it is now one of the five important business locations in the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district.
The school book publisher Cornelsen set up a new company headquarters in 2004 on the corner of Mecklenburg and Friedrichshaller Strasse . The previous building of the publishing house - on the opposite side of the street Mecklenburgische Strasse and thus in the district of Wilmersdorf - will continue to be used. The publishing house employs around 650 people at this location.
After 2013, a media center for the film industry was built on the former AEG site on Hohenzollerndamm.
In the middle of the 20th century, the Committee for Economic Manufacturing (AWF) and the Rationalisierungsgemeinschaft Verpackung (RGV), two important sub-organizations of the Rationalization Board of Trustees of German Business (RKW), had their headquarters at Auguste-Viktoria-Straße 66 .
The Breite Strasse and Berkaer Strasse form the center of Schmargendorf as shopping streets with numerous businesses.
The Berlin-Schmargendorf ring station , which is now called Heidelberger Platz , opened on December 15, 1883 and is located about two kilometers outside the town center , is already in the Wilmersdorfer area and forms a unit with the subway station of the same name . Some operating facilities of the S-Bahn, such as the rectifier substation in Falkensteiner Strasse, are located in the Schmargendorf area.
Trams have operated in Schmargendorf since May 18, 1888 : The Wilmersdorf-Schmargendorfer steam tram Reymer & Masch drove from Schöneberg (Twelve Apostles Church - Schöneberg - Grunewaldstrasse) via Wilmersdorf , Wilhelmsaue, through Mecklenburgische Strasse to Schmargendorf. The Berlin steam tram consortium continued the route from 1889 to the Hundekehle. In May 1898, the consortium signed contracts with the communities of Wilmersdorf, Steglitz, Friedenau , Schmargendorf and the Grunewald colony to convert the suburban steam trains into electric trains with overhead lines . On April 30, 1957, the last tram line 51 running in Schmargendorf (Roseneck - Bahnhof Zoo ) was discontinued and replaced by the bus line A60 - today's line 249.
The bus lines M29 , 249 and partly 186 end at the Roseneck. The Roseneck can also be reached via the bus lines X10 and 115. The bus routes 110 and 310 go through the district. During the night, public transport in Schmargendorf is guaranteed by the N10 night bus.
The A 100 city motorway touches the Schmargendorfer Bridge and runs between junctions 14 - Schmargendorf (formerly: Wilmersdorfer Kreuz ) and 12 (southern part) - Kurfürstendamm still on Schmargendorf district area. The actual motorway access points are junction 13 - Hohenzollerndamm and 14 (southern part) - Kurfürstendamm as well as junction 3 - Mecklenburgische Strasse of the former A 104 , which is now a branch of the A 100 .
In Schmargendorf are
- the Latvian Embassy in Reinerzstrasse
- the Israeli embassy on Auguste-Viktoria-Strasse,
- the Palestinian Mission at Rheinbabenallee 8,
- the residence of the Ethiopian ambassador in Goldfinkweg,
- the old people's home of the Jewish community in Berlin ,
- the Martin Luther Hospital ,
- the Paul Gerhardt Diakonie Hospiz at Auguste-Viktoria-Straße 10,
- the youth center Plöner Straße,
- an initial reception center for homeless people in Forckenbeckstrasse
as well as in the town hall Schmargendorf
- the registry office ,
- the Adolf Reichwein library,
- and part of the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf Music School.
Churches and denominations
- Schmargendorf village church (Breite Strasse 38 at the corner of Kirchstrasse ) and the parish hall (Kirchstrasse 15/16 at the corner of Misdroyer Strasse) (Protestant parish Alt-Schmargendorf)
- Kreuzkirche and parish hall (Protestant Kreuzkirchengemeinde) (Forckenbeckstraße and Hohenzollerndamm 130a)
- Salvator Church and College (Berlin headquarters of the order community of Salvatorians ) (Roman Catholic) ( Tölzer Straße 25)
- Community center of the New Apostolic Church (Schmargendorf community, Warnemünder Straße 3)
- Grunewald Synagogue (Franzensbader Straße), destroyed in the Night of the Pogroms in 1938
Cemeteries in Schmargendorf
Both cemeteries are combined in one facility, the churchyard consists of sections A, B and C in the immediate vicinity of the village church Schmargendorf.
- Alt-Schmargendorf Primary School, Reichenhaller Straße 8
- Carl Orff Primary School, Berkaer Straße 9/10
- Judith Kerr Elementary School (State European School Berlin - French), Friedrichshaller Straße 13
- Secondary School Wilmersdorf, Kranzer Straße 3
- Gymnasium of the Gray Monastery , Salzbrunner Strasse 41
- From 1935 to 1939 the higher Jewish private school Dr. Leonore Goldschmidt . It was the largest private Jewish school in Berlin. At times over 500 pupils were able to take exams for study at Cambridge University .
- Berlin International School: Around 50 kindergarten children, 240 preschool and elementary school students and around 160 high school students from 52 nations are taught in the international train of the private Kantschule.
Further educational institutions
- In 1926 a state college for business and administration was founded in Schmargendorf.
- The Marie-Elisabeth-Lüders-Oberschule (home economics vocational school) moved from Friedrichshaller Strasse to the Viktoria-Fachschule in Berlin-Schöneberg in 1983 .
- From 1970 to 1999, the current building of the Latvian embassy at Reinerzstrasse 40 housed the Protestant University of Applied Sciences for Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
- Until 1998, the Oberlin seminar of the Diakonisches Werk was located on the current premises of the Israeli embassy in Reinerzstrasse at the corner of Auguste-Viktoria-Strasse .
- Academy of the Confectioners Guild Berlin (Technical School for Confectioners) at Forckenbeckstrasse 55 / Weinheimer Strasse 13.
- School for health and nursing of the Paul Gerhardt Diakonie at Hohenzollerndamm 150
On the site between Stadtrings , Forckenbeck-, Cuno- and Fritz-Wildung-Straße (1937–1968: Lochowdamm ) there are several sports facilities that were built from rubble on the site of the former gas works after the Second World War . The Wilmersdorf football stadium is the home of the BSV92. Due to the drastic decrease in spectators, the grandstands of the north curve were planted with wine in 1984.
In 1974 today's Horst-Dohm-Eisstadion (formerly: Eisstadion Wilmersdorf ) was opened in the immediate vicinity . It has, among others, a 6170 m² ice rink and an Olympic-sized 400-meter speed skating rink. In 1985, the first took place here Speed Skating - World Cup races held in Germany.
In addition, the Wilmersdorf summer swimming pool (formerly: Lochowbad ) and the Wilmersdorf II municipal swimming pool run by the Berlin swimming pools and several sports halls are located on the site . The Werner-Ruhemann-Sporthalle was built between 1961 and 1964 and destroyed by arson on April 22, 1993. It was rebuilt and reopened on November 26, 1994. It is named after the internist and sports doctor Werner Ruhemann (* December 7, 1895 - July 6, 1953), who was the 1st chairman of the Berlin State Sports Federation from 1951 to 1953 .
The Horst Käsler sports hall was built between 1987 and 1991. It is named after Horst Käsler , the national handball player, team world champion on the large field, trainer of the national handball team and professor of didactics .
In 2008, a modern sports hall was built at Forckenbeckstrasse 20, which was named after the athlete and sports medicine specialist Harald Mellerowicz in 2009 .
Finally, several football and tennis courts as well as a tennis hall were built on the site. The multi-purpose facility Forckenbeckstraße is located in Cunostraße, which is operated by the sport shooting club Kleinkaliberschützen Berlin e. V. is used.
Fritz-Wildung-Straße 10 houses the karting training area of MSC Berlin.
The tennis courts of the Grunewald Tennis Club have been located on Flinsberger Platz since 1935.
The traditional weightlifting hall on Karlsbader Strasse is currently used by the Heros Berlin Athletics Club.
- (Selection of personalities who were born in Schmargendorf or who lived and worked here)
- Lou Andreas-Salomé (1861–1937), Russian-German writer, narrator, essayist and psychoanalyst, Rainer Maria Rilke's friend and occasional lover, lived in Villa Waldfrieden, Hundekehlestrasse 11, from 1892–1903
- Friedrich Carl Andreas (1846–1930), German Iranist and Orientalist, husband of Lou Andreas-Salomé , the lover of his neighbor Rainer Maria Rilke at Hundekehlestrasse 11 from 1892 to 1903
- Willy Birgel (1891–1973), actor; lived at Marienbader Strasse 1
- Utz Böhner (* 1967), prehistoric archaeologist, born here and spent his childhood
- Cay-Hugo von Brockdorff (1915–1999), sculptor, art scholar and resistance fighter against National Socialism
- Hansjürgen Bulkowski (* 1938), writer, born here; lived there until 1953 and has lived here again since 2008
- Rosemarie Clausen (1907–1990), theater photographer
- Heinz Drache (1923–2002), actor and voice actor; lived at Selchowstrasse 11 in the 1960s
- Walter Felsenstein (1901–1975), founder and director of the Komische Oper . Two sons grew up in the house: the later music theater director and artistic director Johannes Felsenstein (1944–2017) and the later actor, captain and university professor Christoph Felsenstein . The family lived in Miquelstrasse until 1967.
- Walter Franck (1896–1961), theater and film actor, speaker of the freedom vow to ring the freedom bell in Schöneberg Town Hall , could be heard at RIAS at 12 noon . He lived at Reichenhaller Strasse 4 at the corner of Kolberger Platz
- Cornelia Froboess (* 1943), child star, singer (pack your swimming trunks) and actress, as well as her father, the composer and publisher Gerhard Froboess , lived at Kudowastraße 21
- Jürgen Graf (1927–2007), journalist, publicist and reporter at RIAS, lived at Kissinger Strasse 56 at the corner of Tölzer Strasse
- Alexander Granach (1890–1945), actor, lived at Heiligendammer Strasse 17a from 1931–1933
- Heinz Haber (1913–1990), physicist, television presenter
- John Heartfield (1891–1968), painter and graphic artist, born in Schmargendorf as Helmut Herzfeld (also: Helmut Herzfelde )
- Karin Herrmann (1936–2018), physicist and university professor, born here
- Helmut Kohl (1930–2017), politician, Caspar-Theyß-Straße 20
- Fritz Lang (1890–1976), director, lived with his second wife, actress Thea von Harbou , at 52 Hohenzollerndamm
- Theo Mackeben (1897–1953), composer, lived with his wife, the actress Loni Heuser at Kissinger Strasse 60
- Brigitte Mira (1910–2005), operetta singer (soubrette) and actress; lived in the 1950s and 1960s at Tölzer Strasse 30, 1970–2005 at Koenigsallee 83.
- Lutz Reichardt (1934–2009), librarian and place name researcher
- Leni Riefenstahl (1902–2003), dancer, actress, film director and photographer; controversial because of her role in the Nazi era , her villa was built at Heydenstrasse 30
- Rainer Maria Rilke (1875–1926), poet; lived from 1898 to 1900 in the Villa Waldfrieden at Hundekehlestrasse 11 and wrote a. a. the cornet
- Lea Rosh (* 1936), publicist and journalist; lived at Borkumer Strasse 37
- Angelika Schrobsdorff (1927–2016), writer and survivor of the Shoah , lived at Auguste-Viktoria-Straße 2 after her return from Jerusalem in 2006 until her death in 2016 .
- Adam Stegerwald (1874–1945), Christian trade unionist, center politician, Prussian minister and minister of the Weimar Republic , lived from 1921 to 1934 at Zoppoter Straße 6 and from 1934 to 1944 at Hohenzollerndamm
- Werner Stein (1913–1993), director of the Institute for Biophysics at the Free University of Berlin , Berlin Senator for Science and Art (1964–1975) and author of the cultural timetable; lived in Rheinbabenallee 3
- Gisela Trowe (1922–2010), actress, lived with her husband Thomas Engel until 1964 in Schmargendorf; the second daughter who grew up there is the painter Barbara Pier , Sulzaer Straße
- Elisabeth "Lilly" Wust (Aimée) (1913–2006), housewife and main character in the factual novel Aimée and Jaguar by Erica Fischer and the feature film of the same name . She lived at Friedrichshaller Straße 23, the main setting of the novel, together with her partner Felice Schragenheim (in the novel Jaguar ), who was deported from there on August 21, 1944. A stumbling block in front of the house is reminiscent of Felice Schragenheim.
- Karl Ernst Rimbach, Wilmersdorf district office of Berlin (ed.): 750 years of Schmargendorf. Festschrift on the occasion of the city anniversary. Publishing house for local history Rimbach & Poser, Berlin 1955.
- Working group on the history of Wilmersdorf (ed.): Schmargendorf. Metropol Verlag, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-932482-96-4 .
- Andreas Jüttemann: Berlin-Schmargendorf. Walks and discoveries in the spa district . Pharus Plan Verlag, Berlin 2014, ISBN 978-3-86514-203-0 .
- Christian Simon: Wilmersdorf - between idyll and metropolis . be.bra verlag, Berlin 2015, ISBN 978-3-8148-0210-7 .
- Schmargendorf on the website of the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district office of Berlin
- Printed matter 02/02551 of the BVV ( Memento of May 20, 2006 in the Internet Archive )
- Hans E. Pappenheim: The riddle of the Dahlem village meadow . (PDF; 14.5 MB) In: Yearbook for Brandenburg State History , 3.1952. Landesgeschichtliche Vereinigung Berlin, Berlin 1952, p. 18.
- Sylvaine Hänsel, Angelika Schmitt: Kinoarchitektur in Berlin 1895–1995 . Reimer, 1995, ISBN 978-3496011293
- Occupancy of the shared accommodation Fritz-Wildung-Straße in Wilmersdorf . District Office Berlin-Charlottenburg, accessed on December 6, 2018
- Carl-Ludwig-Schleich-Promenade at the district office of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, accessed on December 3, 2018
- 108. Kiezspaziergang on December 11, 2010 , District Office Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, accessed on December 3, 2018
- Flinsberger Platz , District Office Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, accessed on December 3, 2018
- facts about the Kissinger Platz garden monument , District Office Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, accessed on December 3, 2018
- The residential company: In the past, cigarettes were spelled with a "C". , accessed December 6, 2018
- Patrick Goldstein: cigarette factory: a quarter that the city has forgotten. In: Berliner Morgenpost , January 3, 2017, accessed on December 6, 2018
- Former Bosch site , district office Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, accessed on December 6, 2018 as well as industrial areas in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf . , Berlin Business Location Center, accessed December 6, 2018
- Cay Dobberke: George Clooney in Schmargendorf. In: Der Tagesspiegel , July 29, 2015, accessed on December 3, 2018
- Embassy of the Republic of Latvia on architektur-bildarchiv.de, accessed on December 5, 2018
- Palestinian Mission The Diplomatic Mission of Palestine in Germany
- Residence of the Ambassador of Ethiopia in Berlin-Schmargendorf on architektur-bildarchiv.de, accessed on December 3, 2018
- Children's and youth recreational facility Plöner Str.
- First reception center Forckenbeck
- Formerly: Goethe Lyceum ; after 1948: 9th elementary school
- Harry Balkow-Gölitzer, Bettina Biedermann, Rüdiger Reitmeier, Jörg Riedel: A noble address: Celebrities in Berlin-Dahlem and their history . berlin edition by be.bra verlag, 2nd edition, 2005, ISBN 978-3814801360
- German Journal for Welfare Care , 2nd year, 1926/1927, p
- The Academy of the Confectioners' Guild Berlin
- Named after General Ewald von Lochow
- Berliner Sport-Verein 1892 e. V. , history.
Stadium Wilmersdorf , History of
Weinberg, Wilmersdorfer Rheingauperle
- Naming of the Harald-Mellerowicz-Sporthalle , District Office Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, accessed on December 6, 2018
- KKS-Berlin e. V. Accessed April 10, 2018 (German).
- Overview: lived here in Dahlem.
Helmut Kohl's neighbor remembers. In: Der Tagesspiegel , June 18, 2017,
The Tuscan slices are already here. In: Die Welt , June 18, 1999
Protests in front of Kohl's apartment. In: Hamburger Morgenpost , March 11, 2000
- Barbara Pier born, Engel, Vita