Taunus main ridge
The Taunushauptkamm describes a 75-kilometer-long ridge line in the High Taunus , the geological core of which consists of hard Taunus quartzite veins and separates the steeply sloping Vordertaunus in the south from the gradually sloping mountains of the Hintertaunus in the north. Over large parts of the Taunus main ridge running watersheds of the Upper Rhine and Main in the south to the Middle Rhine -Zuflüssen Wisper and Lahn in the north (the enumerated from southwest to northeast), where some of the flowing southward waters by deep erosion, the rock of the Taunus comb unit at some Broken places so that the watersheds deviate in places by a few kilometers to the north.
In addition, the Taunushauptkamm is also a weather divide , which is particularly noticeable in the winter half-year with calm inversion weather conditions and separates fog in the Upper Rhine Plain from clear weather in the north. In north-westerly weather the Taunushauptkamm absorbs a lot of precipitation and ensures a mild climate for the Rhine-Main area .
- 301 High Taunus
The Niederwald near Rüdesheim is a section in front of the Rheingau Mountains in the southwest, about three kilometers long in an east-west direction and one kilometer wide. To the northeast, it has a connection to the Taunushauptkamm via the Ebental high plateau . It is separated from it in the northwest by the deeply cut valley of the Eichbach stream flowing through Assmannshausen . The other two borders are formed by the Rhine Valley , which bends roughly at right angles here at Binger Loch . The highest point is the spruce head at 346 meters.
On the right bank of the Rhine , the Teufelskadrich with height of is the first prominent elevation of the Taunus main ridge above the Middle Rhine , the water level of which is here . The ridge line climbs over the " Forsthaus Kammerforst" to the Zimmer heads for the first time to , to the northwest the Jägerhorn ( ) rises .
This is followed by a first incision in the ridge line in which the village of Stephanshausen is located. The watershed describes a semicircle around this place to the north at a height of at least . This is also the height that the country roads from Rüdesheim , Geisenheim and Oestrich-Winkel have to overcome on the way via Presberg into the Wisper valley (see also: Wispertaunus ).
Then the rising crest over the pass "Gray Stone" again until the Cold hostel , which with highest mountain in the Rheingau Mountains .
Here the watershed deviates again to the north. The road from Bärstadt in Walluftal to Hausen vor der Höhe overcomes it with a peak height of and the traffic on the B 260 ("Bäderstraße Taunus") leads over the " Wambacher Stich" and the high red stone crossing down to Bad Schwalbach in the Aartal .
As a result, the ridge line then leads over the Hohe Kanzel ( ) and its foothills Zieglerkopf ( ) first up and then down again to the main cut of Niederseelbach . Here, the watershed gives way to the north again due to the erosion work of the Daisbach.
The ridge between Niederseelbach and Idstein has a height of and is of considerable importance for long-distance traffic. So he is not only on the road Niedernhausen -Idstein also by the Main-Lahn Railway , the A 3 and the high-speed line Cologne-Rhine / Main used.
Behind this incision the Feldberg-Taunus ridge begins with the Buchwaldskopf ( ) and Großem Lindenkopf ( ), followed by the incision of the Schwarzbach with its source river Dattenbach. Here, too, the watershed deviates to the north again and offers a transition 1 km south of Heftrich at height of at the site of the former Alteburg fort , which is now used by the 3273 road.
The ridge line itself continues east of the Dattenbach in the Butznickel (462 m) near Schloßborn and the Glaskopf (687 m) near Glashütten and reaches the two highest peaks of the Taunus with the Kleiner Feldberg (825 m) and the Großer Feldberg ( ) .
On the western flank of this massif , at the road from Königstein to Niederreifenberg leads over the “ Red Cross ” pass ; east of the massif is the transition of the road from Oberursel to Schmitten at at " Sandplacken " .
1 km of the Sandplacken southeast, on Kolbenberg ( ), the watershed between exits Main and Lahn the ridgeline finally to the north, because from here the opening of the Taunus-eastern flank of Wetterau makes out noticeable.
For the next few kilometers to the Köpperner Tal the course of the ridge line is identical to the course of the Limes . The mountains to be named up to this section of the Erlenbach are all over high: Klingenkopf ( ), Eichkopf ( ), Roßkopf ( ) and Hollerkopf ( ).
Then at the saddle follows , on which the Saalburg with the B 456 lies.
The Winterstein-Taunus ridge begins behind the Köpperner Tal . It begins with the Graueberg ( ); Then follow Wellenberg ( ), Saukopf ( ), Kuhkopf ( ), the highest point the Steinkopf ( ) and finally the eponymous Winterstein ( ). On its eastern flank, the A5 crosses the gap between the Winterstein and the Nauheimer Taunussporn at just south of the Wetterau service area .
The ridge zone of the Nauheimer Taunussporn with the Eichberg ( ) and the Johannisberg ( ) clearly rises out of the Wetterau . These first surveys are in the immediate vicinity of the town center of Bad Nauheim . The Galgenkopf ( ) rises to the southeast of the A5 .
→ Main article: List of mountains and elevations of the Taunus
- Alexander Stahr, Birgit Bender: The Taunus - A journey through time . Stuttgart 2007, ISBN 978-3-510-65224-2
- Eugen Ernst: The Taunus - An L (i) worthwhile low mountain range . Frankfurt 2009, ISBN 978-3-7973-1146-7
- Alexander Stahr: The soils of the Taunus ridge. Development-Dissemination-Use-Endangerment . Munich 2014, ISBN 978-3-8993-7180-2
- Taunus & Gießen-Koblenzer Lahntal. Attention: Web link without return. Environmental Atlas Hessen of the Hessian State Office for Environment and Geology: The natural areas of Hesse and their main units
- Hessian Land Surveying Office: District map 1: 50,000 Wiesbaden - Rheingaukreis - Untertaunuskreis, 1969 edition