Party college "Karl Marx"

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Party School " Karl Marx " (PHS) was in the 1946 Soviet Occupation Zone , founded (SBZ) University , which the Central Committee of the SED was assumed. Operations ceased on June 30, 1990.


The PHS was the highest educational institution of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany , subordinate institutions for training the membership were the district party schools (BPS) and district party schools (KPS). Alternatively, students could also study at the party college of the CPSU in Moscow .

In the first year of its existence, from 1946 to the end of 1947, six-month courses were held. In 1947, general political and ideological training was expanded to include two-year courses for younger SED members and functionaries. Older, often relatively influential functionaries who were trained for new tasks attended half-yearly courses. Three quarters of all participants came from the Soviet Occupation Zone or the GDR , the rest were KPD functionaries from the western occupation zones, who often studied here under other names. In later years the corporate or residential party organizations delegated party members to one-year or three-year study. The direct or distance learning leading to the conclusion as a diploma social scientists .

Conference in the house at Köllnischen Park in 1957

The university was initially subordinated to the Department of Agitation and Propaganda of the Ministry for State Security , from 1983 to the cultural secretary in the Politburo Kurt Hager , who was considered the chief ideologist of the GDR after Ulbricht's disempowerment and the seizure of power by Erich Honecker . Hager also taught at the party college himself.

The headquarters of the PHS was initially in Liebenwalde , since 1948 in the Hakeburg in Kleinmachnow and from 1955 in Berlin-Mitte in Rungestrasse, in the house at Köllnischer Park . In 1971 the building complex received an extension along the street Am Köllnischen Park, which was mainly used for larger events. Around 1980, individual chairs were relocated to Kleinmachnow.

The training objective of the PHS was formulated as follows: "Training of qualified cadres in connection with theoretical research work and the production of training and other materials according to the instructions of the Central Secretariat". The party university was a state university with an entry in the university register of the GDR, which also had the right to doctorate and habilitation.

Around 25,000 SED members completed courses and courses. In addition, 2000 people from friendly parties and left-wing organizations from 67 countries studied at the Thälmann Institute (Institute for Foreign Studies), which was founded in 1963.

After the end of the SED dictatorship in the GDR, the university was liquidated in the summer of 1990 and the 150 professors, lecturers and assistants, the remaining students and about 300 other employees were dismissed.


  • History of the CPSU
  • Political Economy of Socialism
  • Political Economy of Capitalism
  • Doctrine of the Marxist-Leninist party, party life and the party structure
  • Economics of industry
  • Agricultural Policy and Agricultural Economics
  • Cultural policy of the SED
  • Marxist philosophy


Graduates (selection)

See also


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Wolfgang Leonhard: The revolution dismisses its children . 15th edition. Ullstein, 1976, p. 389-390 .
  2. Wolfgang Leonhard: In the crosshairs of the SED . In: Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte . tape 46 , no. 2 , 1998, p. 292 ( [PDF]).
  3. ^ The structure of the training system of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany. In Neues Deutschland of May 22, 1946, p. 2.
  4. On the work of the Thälmann Institute (Institute for Foreign Studies) of the SED party college , table of contents