Regino of Prüm

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Portrait of Abbot Regino von Prüm, engraved by Nicolas de Larmessin

Regino von Prüm (* around 840 probably in Altrip near Ludwigshafen am Rhein ; † 915 in Trier ) was a music theorist , canonist and historian . He was the seventh abbot of Prüm Abbey from 892 to 899 and had to deal in particular with the reconstruction of the abbey after the destruction by the Normans .


Regional monument Altrip

After joining and living in another monastery, he became abbot of the Prüm monastery in the Eifel from 892 to 899 . His concern was evidently the economic restoration of the imperial abbey, which had been badly damaged by the Norman incursions in 882 and 892 . During his tenure in 893 the Prümer Urbar was created , from today's perspective an important source of economic and social history of the Middle Ages and at the same time the first documentary mention of numerous places that belonged to the territory of the Prüm Abbey at that time.

In 899 he had to give up his office as abbot and retired to the imperial abbey of St. Maximin in Trier . Archbishop Radbod von Trier entrusted him with the reorganization of the St. Martin Abbey, which had been devastated by the Normans . In Trier, Regino wrote three works from 900 to 908 that identify him as a good pastor and author.

Regino was buried in the St. Maximin Monastery in Trier.

A memorial was dedicated to him in 1911 in his presumed birthplace of Altrip.


World chronicle

In Trier, Regino von Prüm wrote the world chronicle Chronicon published in 908 in 907 , possibly as a textbook for King Ludwig the Child , the last Carolingian of the East Franconian Empire . The chronicle extends from the birth of Christ to the year 906. The first book goes from the birth of Christ to 741, the second book is dedicated specifically to the early Carolingians, West Franconia and Lotharingia . In fact, he defined the early Middle Ages in this way , the culmination of which he saw in Charlemagne (Chronicle of 880). Until 814 Regino used works by older chroniclers such as Beda Venerabilis and Paulus Diaconus , which he revised for his work. From 814 to 870 he relied on uncertain traditions, but since then on his own perceptions. After 906 the chronicle was updated until 967 by a monk from St. Maximin in Trier, possibly Adalbert von Magdeburg .

Musical writings

In addition to the world chronicle, Regino wrote important musical writings in Trier such as As the the antiphons and responsories first time after keys ordering Tonar and music theory treatise De harmonica institutione .

Legal writings

His manual for episcopal visitations to the courts, De synodalibus causis et disciplinis ecclesiasticis , also deserves mention . It gained considerable supraregional importance through the introduction of the testimony of lay people in the process according to the model of secular law. Part of this work is the Canon episcopi , in which he turns against the belief in witches and in particular condemns women who worship the goddess Diana . For this he provided for a strict church sentence of at least one year.

Work editions

  • Regino, Chronik , in: Sources on the Carolingian Empire History, Part 3, edited by Reinhold Rau, (Freiherr vom Stein-Gedächtnisausgabe, Vol. 7), Darmstadt 1960, pp. 179–319.
  • The broadcasting manual of Regino von Prüm. edited and translated by Wilfried Hartmann, (Freiherr vom Stein-Gedächtnisausgabe, Vol. 42) Darmstadt 2004, ISBN 3-534-14341-8 .
  • Friedrich Kurz (Ed.): Scriptores rerum Germanicarum in usum scholarum separately in editi 50: Reginonis abbatis Prumiensis Chronicon cum continuatione Treverensi. Hanover 1890, pp. II – 196 ( Monumenta Germaniae Historica , digitized )


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