Eduard Hlawitschka (born November 8, 1928 in Dubkowitz in the Bohemian Central Mountains , Czechoslovakia ) is a German historian . The focus of his research is the history of the early and high Middle Ages .
Eduard Hlawitschka is the son of a farmer (later a machinist). He studied at the universities of Rostock , Leipzig and Freiburg im Breisgau . When Gerd Tellenbach he received his doctorate in Freiburg 1956th He was a member of the "Freiburg Working Group" founded by Tellenbach for medieval personal research. From 1961 he was a research assistant at the University of Saarbrücken , where he completed his habilitation in 1966 with Ludwig Buisson and Eugen Meyer with the thesis Lotharingien and the Reich on the threshold of German history . From 1967 to 1969 he worked at the German Historical Institute in Rome .
In 1969 he was offered a professorship at the University of Düsseldorf . From 1975 until his retirement in 1994 he taught as professor of medieval history at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich , where he was in charge of the department of medieval history in Munich's historical studies from 1985.
Hlawitschka's dissertation was devoted to Carolingian politics in Italy. In doing so , he pointed out as their central measure the elimination of the entire ( Longobard ) ruling class of the Longobard Empire defeated by Charlemagne in 773/74 and their replacement by Northern Alpine followers as well as the appointment of many northern Alpine (Franconian, Alemannic, Bavarian and Burgundian) settlers in important places in the North and central Italy to. In connection with this, a prosopographical record of all office holders of Upper and Central Italy was created during the period from 774–962. His subsequent collaboration with Karl Schmid and Gerd Tellenbach on the edition of the Liber memorialis von Remiremont gave the impetus for the critical clarification of the abbess ranks of this Vosges monastery in the decades from the 7th to the 13th centuries.
His intensive preoccupation with the history of the Lorraine region also gave rise to his two habilitation theses, Lotharingia and the Empire on the Threshold of German History and The Beginnings of the House of Habsburg Lothringen. Genealogical research on the history of Lorraine and the empire in the 9th, 10th and 11th centuries .
After his appointment to the Düsseldorf Chair for Medieval History, which was newly established in 1969, the very profitable genealogical investigations in particular were able to be carried out with regard to the validity of the principles of the occupation of the throne in the Ottonian-Early German Empire - 'free choice of the candidate for the throne' - which is heavily disputed among medievalists Nobility or its 'determination according to inheritance or blood law criteria' - continue. It was shown that in the decades from King Heinrich I to the beginning of the investiture controversy, the principle of "the determination of the regent according to blood law" applied. For the two candidates for the throne of Margrave Ekkehard of Meißen and Duke Hermann II of Swabia in the year 1002 after the death of the young Emperor Otto III (previously listed as crown testimony for the validity of the free election idea) . This is because, as was the case for the successful Duke Heinrich of Bavaria, an inheritance background (albeit a more distant one than for Heinrich of Bavaria, the future Emperor Heinrich II ) - was shown. A protracted research dispute then developed over the evidence of the distant Ottonian blood of the second, Duke Hermann II of Swabia. Therefore, Hlawitschka discussed problems of the Conradin genealogy of the 10th century with Armin Wolf , Donald C. Jackman and Johannes Fried . The starting point of controversy was only in the 12th century in the Guelph house tradition ( Genealogia Welforum of 1125/26 [and Historia Welforum of 1167/74]) called "nobilissimus comes" Kuno of Öhningen. According to this late tradition, he was married to a "filia Otthonis Magni Imperatoris [Richlint nomine]". Equating Kuno with the Conradin Duke Konrad of Swabia would have been of great importance for the latter's son, Duke Hermann II of Swabia , because he would then have been able to refer to very close Ottonian descent. In the case of " Richlint ", which cannot be proven in contemporary sources , it was discussed whether she was a daughter or possibly a granddaughter of Emperor Otto the Great , or was merely a pompous fiction by a Guelph historian who had to contribute to increasing the reputation of the Guelphs (as alleged descendants of the imperial family). In 2003 Hlawitschka presented a “review of 25 years of research dispute”, and in 2008 he refuted the last attempts to save the so-called “Richlint thesis”.
In addition to many individual studies on European aristocratic families, Hlawitschka has devoted himself to the creation of a source-based reference work on the ancestors of the high medieval German kings, emperors and their wives, in which - as far as possible - the ancestors of the rulers and their wives go back five generations (= 63 ancestors) and some older hypotheses are critically examined. Since then, source-saturated pedigrees of 50 German rulers and their wives from the period 911–1250 have been available in three volumes. He also wrote a study book on the formation of the European states and peoples (840-1046) as well as reflections on local history.
In addition to numerous books, Hlawitschka has authored and edited more than 100 articles in scientific journals, commemorative journals and edited volumes.
Honors and memberships
He has received numerous honors and memberships for his research. He has been a full member of the Sudeten German Academy of Sciences and Arts since 1979, and was its president from 1990 to 1994. In 1987 he received the Sudeten German Culture Prize for Science. He was awarded the Prix de Liechtenstein in 1991 by the Confederation Internationale de Genealogie et d'Heraldique. In addition, he received the Golden Medal of the Comenius University in Bratislava in 1991 . The Heimatkreisverband Leitmeritz eV honored him in 2001 with the Ulrich von Eschenbach plaque. The University of Olomouc awarded him the Medal of Merit in 2006. The Sudeten German Academy of Sciences and Arts recognized him in 2008 with the "Pro meritis" medal.
The ancestors of the high medieval German kings, emperors and their wives. An annotated table work. 2006-2013;
- Volume 1 (in 2 sub-volumes): 911–1137 (= Monumenta Germaniae Historica . Aids. Vol. 25, 1 + 2). Hahn, Hannover 2006, ISBN 3-7752-1132-2 ;
- Volume 2: 1138–1197 (= Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Aids. Vol. 26). Hahn, Hannover 2009, ISBN 978-3-7752-1133-8 ;
- Volume 3: 1198–1250 (= Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Aids. Vol. 29). Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 2013, ISBN 978-3-447-10059-5 .
- Konradin genealogy, illegitimate relatives' marriages and late Ttonian-early Salian occupation of the throne. A review of 25 years of research dispute (= Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Studies and Texts. Vol. 32). Hahn, Hannover 2003, ISBN 3-7752-5732-2 .
- with Ermengard Hlawitschka-Roth: Andechser Beginnings. Contributions to the early history of Andechs Monastery. Eos-Verlag, St. Ottilien 2000, ISBN 3-8306-7025-7 .
- Dubkowitz in the Bohemian Central Mountains. What is remembered - what is determined - what is experienced. A documentation. 3. Edition. Sudeten German Institute. Central archive and documentation center, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-933161-07-9 .
- Stirps regia. Research on royalty and ruling classes in the early Middle Ages. Selected essays. Lang, Frankfurt am Main et al. 1988, ISBN 3-631-41498-6 .
- Investigations on the changes to the throne in the first half of the 11th century and on the history of the nobility of southern Germany. At the same time clarifying research on "Kuno von Öhningen" (= lectures and research. Special vol. 35). Thorbecke, Sigmaringen 1987, ISBN 3-7995-6695-3 ( online ).
- From the Frankish Empire to the Formation of the European Community of States and Nations 840-1046. A study book. Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 1986, ISBN 3-534-03566-6 .
- The beginnings of the House of Habsburg-Lothringen. Genealogical studies of the history of Lorraine and the empire in the 9th, 10th and 11th centuries (= publications of the Commission for Saarland State History and Folk Research. Vol. 4, ). Minerva-Verlag Thinnes u. Nolte, Saarbrücken 1969.
- Lotharingia and the empire on the threshold of German history (= writings of the Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Vol. 21, ). Hiersemann, Stuttgart 1968.
- Studies on the abbess series of Remiremont (7th – 13th centuries) (= publications by the Institute for Regional Studies of the Saarland. Vol. 9, ). Institute for Regional Studies in Saarland, Saarbrücken 1963.
- Franconia, Alemanni, Bavaria and Burgundy in Northern Italy. (774-962). To understand the Franconian royal rule in Italy (= research on the history of the Upper Rhine region. Vol. 8, ). Alber, Freiburg (Breisgau) 1960 (at the same time: Freiburg (Breisgau), university, dissertation, 1956).
- Election of the king and succession to the throne in the Ottonian-Early German period (= ways of research . Vol. 178). Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 1971, ISBN 3-534-04166-6 .
- with Karl Schmid and Gerd Tellenbach: Liber memorialis von Remiremont (= MGH Libri memoriales. Vol. 1). 2 Teilbde., Weidmann, Dublin / Zurich 1970, reprint Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Munich 1981, ISBN 3-921575-88-5 .
- Writings of the Sudeten German Academy of Sciences and Arts. Vol. 8, Munich 1988; Vol. 13, Munich 1991; Vol. 20, Munich 1999; Vol. 23, Munich 2002; Vol. 26, Munich 2005; Vol. 29, Munich 2009, Vol. 32, Munich 2012, ed. each by E. Hlawitschka.
- Dr. Edvard Beneš and Central Europe. Verlag-Haus Sudetenland, Munich 1994.
- Munich Historical Studies, Department of Medieval History , ed. Vol. 3-6, 1985-1994, by E. Hlawitschka.
- Election of the king and succession to the throne in the Frankish-Carolingian period (= ways of research. Vol. 247). Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 1975, ISBN 3-534-04685-4 .
- Karl Schnith , Roland Pauler (Hrsg.): Festschrift for Eduard Hlawitschka on the 65th birthday (= Munich historical studies. Department of Medieval History. Vol. 5). Lassleben, Kallmünz 1993, ISBN 3-7847-4205-X .
- Wolfgang Weber : Biographical lexicon for historical studies in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. The chair holders for history from the beginnings of the subject up to 1970. 2nd edition, revised and supplemented by a foreword. Lang, Frankfurt am Main et al. 1987, ISBN 3-8204-1051-1 .
- Who is who? The German Who's Who. XLVII. Edition 2013/14, p. 462.
- Thomas Zotz : In honor of Eduard Hlawitschka: A laudation and a contribution about Swabia and Burgundy in the High Middle Ages. In: Writings of the Sudetendeutschen Akademie für Wissenschaft und Künste 38 (2019), pp. 87-101.
- Literature by and about Eduard Hlawitschka in the catalog of the German National Library
- Literature by and about Eduard Hlawitschka in the bibliographic database WorldCat
- Search for "Eduard Hlawitschka" in the German Digital Library
- Entry about Eduard Hlawitschka on the website of the Sudeten German Academy
- Publications by and about Eduard Hlawitschka in the Opac der Regesta Imperii
- See the entry of Eduard Hlawitschka's matriculation in the Rostock matriculation portal
- Karl Schmid: The Freiburg working group '. Gerd Tellenbach on his 70th birthday. In: Journal for the history of the Upper Rhine , Vol. 122 (1974), pp. 331–347.
- Eduard Hlawitschka: Konradiner genealogy, inadmissible relatives marriages and late Ttonian-early Salian occupation of the throne. A look back at 25 years of research disputes. Hanover 2003.
- Most recently Eduard Hlawitschka: Konradiner disputes. A field only for non-binding hypotheses, not also for plausibility arguments and logic proofs? In: Journal for Bavarian State History , Vol. 71 (2008), pp. 1–101.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German historian|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 8, 1928|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Dubkowitz , Czechoslovakia|