Comenius University Bratislava

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Comenius University Bratislava
founding June 27, 1919
place Bratislava , Slovakia
Rector Marek Števček
Students approx. 20,000
Comenius University building
The assembly hall of the Comenius University

The Comenius University in Bratislava , in Slovak Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave , is a university in Bratislava in Slovakia . It is not only the oldest Slovak-speaking university, but also the largest in the country with around 20,000 students.


The Universitas Istropolitana in Bratislava, founded in 1465 by Matthias Corvinus, is considered the historical forerunner of today's university . The Royal Hungarian Elisabeth University (Hungarian: Pozsonyi Magyar Királyi Erzsébet Tudomány Egyetem ), founded in 1912, should also be mentioned for the 20th century .

The Comenius University was founded by resolution of the Czechoslovak Parliament on June 27, 1919 as the 'Czechoslovak State University in Bratislava' (Slovak: Československá štátna univerzita ). In November 1919, Johann Amos Comenius was named as the namesake.

At the same time, the Hungarian Elisabeth University, which was still under construction, was closed, with the Hungarian law faculty being granted a transition period initially three years and later to two years.

The Comenius University began teaching in the academic year 1919/20, but initially only with one, the medical faculty. The Czech pathologist and internist Kristián Hynek was the first rector. At the beginning of the academic year 1921/22, the law and philosophy faculties were opened.

Initially, the university's professors came almost exclusively from the Czech half of the country, and lectures were held in Czech and Slovak. The question of the university's national orientation became a point of contention between the Czechoslovak government and the Slovak People's Party in the 1920s .

After the Munich Agreement in autumn 1938, the Comenius University was placed under the Ministry of Education of the autonomous Slovakia. Most of the Czech professors were dismissed. The university was now called the 'Slovak University'. After the establishment of the First Slovak Republic , Prime Minister Vojtech Tuka took over the post of rector in January 1940 . In the same year, the Faculty of Natural Sciences, which had been planned since 1919, was opened.

With the re-establishment of Czechoslovakia in 1945, the university was subjected to political cleansing. The criterion was initially the attitude towards the Tiso regime, and later and increasingly after 1948 the attitude towards the Communist Party. The university's new pedagogical faculty opened in 1947, and other departments followed later. Since 1954 the university has been called the 'Comenius University' again.

In 1990 the Protestant and Catholic theological faculties were integrated into the university, and two new faculties for management and for social and economic sciences were created.


The Comenius University is divided into 13 faculties .

  • Medical school
  • Medical Jessenius Faculty (in Martin )
  • Pharmaceutical Faculty
  • Law Faculty
  • Philosophical Faculty
  • Faculty of Science
  • Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Computer Science
  • Faculty of Sports Science
  • Pedagogical Faculty
  • Protestant Theological Faculty
  • Roman Catholic Theological Cyril and Methodius Faculty
  • Faculty of Management
  • Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences

See also


  • Hautová, Júlia (ed.): Comenius University 1919–1994 , Bratislava 1994.
  • Csáder, Viliam: História a súčasnosť Univerzity Komenského v Bratislave 1919–2000 , Bratislava 2000.

Web links

Commons : Comenius University Bratislava  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files