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Rorschach coat of arms
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton of St. GallenCanton of St. Gallen Canton of St. Gallen (SG)
Constituency : Rorschach
BFS no. : 3215i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 9400
Coordinates : 754 900  /  260 700 coordinates: 47 ° 28 '44 "  N , 9 ° 29' 38"  O ; CH1903:  seven hundred fifty-four thousand nine hundred  /  260700
Height : 400  m above sea level M.
Height range : 396–471 m above sea level M.
Area : 1.78  km²
Residents: 9441 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 5304 inhabitants per km²
Location of the municipality
Bodensee Unterer Burgweier Mannenweier Buebenweier Chrüzweier Wenigerweier Rütiweier Schlossweier Österreich Kanton Appenzell Ausserrhoden Kanton Appenzell Innerrhoden Kanton Appenzell Innerrhoden Kanton Appenzell Innerrhoden Wahlkreis St. Gallen Kanton Thurgau Kanton Thurgau Wahlkreis St. Gallen Wahlkreis Rheintal Berg SG Berg SG Goldach SG Mörschwil Rorschach Rorschacherberg Steinach SG Thal SG Tübach UntereggenMap of Rorschach
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Rorschach is a municipality on Lake Constance in the Swiss canton of St. Gallen .


Rorschach is located in eastern Switzerland on the southern shore of Lake Constance at the southernmost point of the lake, roughly opposite the mouth of the Argen and south of the German Lake Constance city of Friedrichshafen .

Rorschach is the center of an agglomeration with approx. 35,000 inhabitants, but with an area of ​​1.78 km² the city itself is one of the smallest in Switzerland.


Historic aerial photo by Walter Mittelholzer between 1918 and 1937

The history of Rorschach goes back to the Alemanni . The village 850 is documented for the first time in the description of the location inter Coldahun villam et Rorscachun situm 'located between the village of Goldach and Rorschach'. The name is a formation from Old High German rōr 'pipe, reed' and scahho 'single standing wood, Schachen '.

In the year 947 King Otto gave the abbot I. Graloh from the monastery of St. Gall the market , coin and customs law to Rorschach. Around the year 1000, Rorschach was a transit point for the great pilgrimages . In 1351, the imperial estate was pledged to Hermann von Breitenlandenberg for the first time under Emperor Charles IV . After various other pledges, the abbot of St. Gallen received the permission of Emperor Friedrich III in 1464 . to redeem the deposit.

In 1597 the monthly newspaper Annus Christi (also known as Historische relatio or Rorschacher monthly magazine ) was printed in Rorschach. It is believed to be the first newspaper in the world to appear periodically and also to contain essential features of a newspaper. It was discontinued after a year - probably due to financial difficulties or a lack of reader interest (150 copies).

The Jakobskapelle , a resting place for pilgrims , stood on today's Kronenplatz . It was canceled in 1833; Jacob's fountain was built as a reminder of this . Even today the angelus bell rings twice a day .

The "Badhütte" from 1924, a three-winged bathing establishment standing on concrete pillars in the water, is the only remaining structure of its kind on the Swiss shores of Lake Constance. It was built by the architect Köpplin.

In 2009–2013 the Würth Haus Rorschach (administration and training center with congress hall and the art museum “Forum Würth”) was built by the architects Gigon / Guyer in the “New Zealand” area on Churerstrasse . Reinhold Würth opened the house on April 20, 2013.

coat of arms

Description: In red, a golden, strictly bound grain sheaf accompanied by a silver overturned fish on each side. The fish symbolize fishing on Lake Constance, while the corn sheaf can be seen in connection with the historic corn house .


Merger plans

In 2007, Rorschach, Rorschacherberg and Goldach examined a merger to form a “city on the lake” with around 25,000 inhabitants, which would have resulted in one of the largest cities in the canton of St. Gallen. After a merger in Goldach proved to be politically unenforceable due to the lower tax rate , only a merger of Rorschach and Rorschacherberg was up for discussion, which was rejected by the citizens of Rorschacherberg at the end of 2008. In Rorschach, however, the merger was strongly supported, as it would have resulted in strong tax cuts.

In 2014, another fundamental vote was held on the merger of the three municipalities to form the “Stadt am See”. The aim of this vote was to give the municipal councils an order for an in-depth examination and to carry out a definitive vote on the merger within 2 years. Like the previous ones, this basic vote was clearly rejected by the communities of Goldach and Rorschacherberg and accepted by the city of Rorschach with a clear lead. As a result of this new decision, further measures for a merger were suspended and planned and partly existing collaborations by the city of Rorschach ended or put on hold.

Town twinning


The following secondary schools are located in Rorschach:


WÜRTH house in Rorschach

The museum in the Kornhaus at Rorschacher Hafen describes itself as an adventure museum for young and old . The exhibition spectrum ranges from prehistory, urban development, economy, industry, wildlife on Lake Constance to optics / illusion, scripts / symbols and math magic.

At the annual sand sculpture festival , invited artists of international origin build sculptures out of sand for a specified period of time on a theme that will be announced at the beginning of the festival. At the end of the festival, the best sculptures will be selected by the audience and an expert jury.

The Forum Würth was opened in 2013 (see history).


Industrialization began in Rorschach in the second half of the 19th century. The aluminum works AG Rorschach established together with Feldmühle AG (machine embroidery) and Conservenfabrik Rorschach (Roco canned products) the reputation of the industrial city.

One of the resident companies is Zollern-Mimtec AG, part of the Zollern Group .

The Frisco-Findus AG , a manufacturer of ice cream had, prior to its acquisition by Nestle based in Rorschach. The company was considered a pioneer in the field of ice cream and launched the first ice cream ( called Glace in Switzerland ) on the market in 1960 . Today, Nestle's ice cream production is concentrated in Rorschach.

Two local breweries are located in Rorschach: the Kornhausbräu, founded in 2007, and the Löwengarten brewery, which has been in existence since 1871 and which has been part of the Schützengarten brewery since 2006 .

The family-owned dairy Fuchs has existed since 1883 and is therefore well known throughout the country. The dairy experienced a small international distribution as a supplier to the airline caterer LSG Sky Chefs / First Catering.


Panorama of the city of Rorschach
Main street in Rorschach

Rorschach has a train station and the stops Rorschach Hafen and Rorschach Stadt . The former was for a long time one of the most important of the Swiss Federal Railways , but has since lost a lot of its importance. The rail connections lead on the lake line to Schaffhausen , on the express train line to St. Gallen and via St. Margrethen to Chur ; the Rorschach-Heiden-Bergbahn offers connections to Heiden .

The Rorschacher Hafen has moorings for scheduled ships of the White Fleet and is the home port of the Rorschacher passenger ships .

Rorschach does not have its own motorway connection, the next connection points are in the area of ​​the municipalities of Thal and Goldach. Clarifications are in progress for a new motorway connection for the west of the city. The aim is to bring traffic directly from Rorschach and Rorschacherberg onto the autobahn and thus relieve the town centers of Goldach and Staad.


Rorschach bathing hut
  • Catholic parish church of Saints Columban and Constantius (rebuilt and expanded in a classicist style in 1782). Five-part bronze peal with striking notes a 0 –c 1 –d 1 –e 1 –g 1 (slightly warped striking note line).
  • Catholic Herz-Jesu-Kirche (1897, neo-Gothic), mostly referred to as a "youth church". Built at the end of the 19th century due to the large population (around 30% more than today). The closure was discussed in 2004: Although it has not yet taken place, there are no more services here (as of 2015). Since March 2015, ideas for converting the church into apartments and shops have been publicly discussed.
  • Reformed Church (1904), sacred building with castle-like architecture with a bell tower attached as a dome (with the four bronze bells f 0 –a 0 –c 1 –f 1 it houses one of the heaviest and deepest bells in Switzerland)
  • Jacob's Fountain (The fountain is the starting point of the Camino de Santiago to Santiago de Compostela .)
  • Kornhaus
  • Former Mariaberg monastery , built by Abbot Ulrich Rösch from 1487 to 1489 (today a college of education).
  • Badhütte on Thurgauer Straße: Bath in Lake Constance on stilts and accessible via a bridge - construction was made easier in 1923 by low water, the bath was opened for the 1924 bathing season.
  • The city ​​balcony , built in 2012, with its elevator and bridge, is an access to the residential area behind the main train station and at the same time a viewing platform.


Born in Rorschach

Died in Rorschach



Web links

Commons : Rorschach  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
  2. StiASG , Urk. III 184. Online at e-chartae , accessed on June 25, 2020.
  3. Lexicon of Swiss municipality names . Edited by the Center de Dialectologie at the University of Neuchâtel under the direction of Andres Kristol. Frauenfeld / Lausanne 2005, p. 756.
  4. a b Erhard Nietzschmann: The free ones in the country. Former German imperial villages and their coats of arms. Melchior, Wolfenbüttel 2013, ISBN 978-3-944289-16-8 , p. 66.
  5. Welcome to the Rorschach bathing hut. City of Rorschach, accessed on December 21, 2013 .
  6. ^ Community merger : New town on Lake Constance? Retrieved June 10, 2012 .
  7. No merger in the Rorschach region, Tagblatt Online, article from May 18, 2014
  8. Adventure World Museum in the Kornhaus
  9. 15th international sand sculpture festival. Sand Sculpture Festival Association, accessed December 21, 2013 .
  10. [1]
  11. 50 years of FRISCO. (PDF) Nestlé, April 15, 2010, accessed December 21, 2013 .
  12. ABOUT US. BRAUEREI SCHÜTZENGARTEN AG, accessed on December 21, 2013 .
  13. Fuchs yoghurt flies around the world , St. Galler Tagblatt, July 5, 2014
  14. Johannes Huber: Parish Church of St. Columban and Konstantius in Rorschach. (Swiss Art Guide, No. 574). Ed. Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1995.
  15. Pfarrblatt ( Memento of the original from April 13, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. the Catholic parish of Rorschach. Accessed April 13, 2015. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  16. Report on the organ of the Herz-Jesu-Kirche from 2011.
  17. ^ Article of the Catholic Media Center of March 24, 2015.
  18. Kornhaus ( Memento of the original from April 13, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. See & experience Rorschach at @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  19. Museum im Kornhaus on
  20. Alexander Pohle: The bath hut. In: 99 x Lake Constance as you haven't seen it yet. Bruckmann Verlag GmbH, Munich 2014. ISBN 978-3-7654-8303-5 . Pp. 83-84.