|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 48 ° 39 ' N , 9 ° 36' E
|Administrative region :||Stuttgart|
|Height :||411 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||10.95 km 2|
|Residents:||5197 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||475 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||73087|
|Area code :||07164|
|License plate :||GP|
|Community key :||08 1 17 012|
|LOCODE :||DE BBO|
|Community structure:||3 districts|
|Address of the
73087 Bad Boll
|Mayor :||Hans-Rudi Bührle|
|Location of the municipality of Bad Boll in the district of Göppingen|
Bad Boll (until May 31, 2007: Boll ) is a municipality in the district of Göppingen in Baden-Württemberg . It belongs to the Stuttgart region (until 1992 the Middle Neckar region ) and the peripheral zone of the European metropolitan region of Stuttgart .
Bad Boll is located on the northern edge of the Swabian Alb around ten kilometers south of Göppingen between the communities of Aichelberg , Dürnau , Gruibingen and Zell u. A . The Kornberg (779 m above sea level ), part of the Gruibingen district, lies in the southeast of Bad Boll . The community shares with Gruibingen the approx. 122 hectare nature reserve Teufelsloch-Kaltenwang to the south . To the south of the community is the Boller Heide mountain meadow, a popular excursion destination.
At the foot of the Swabian Alb, Bad Boll lies in the area of the Black Jura , especially the Posidonia slate . The area between Holzmaden and Boll forms one of the fossil-rich areas of this layer of the Jura . So was z. B. the first ichthyosaur found there in 1749. Many fossils that were discovered in Bad Boll have the addition of bollensis . Examples of this are e.g. B. in the Urwelt-Museum Hauff in Holzmaden or in the museum at the Löwentor in Stuttgart . The community is part of the Holzmaden excavation reserve that was established in 1979. Higher-lying areas of the municipal area are in the area of the Lower Brown Jura .
In the area of the Bad Boll district there are health-promoting sulfur thermal springs .
Bad Boll consists of the two districts of Boll with Bad Boll and Eckwälden. The latter place was incorporated in 1933. The districts are officially named by prefixing the name of the municipality and followed by the name of the districts connected by a hyphen. Occasionally, a distinction is made between the unofficial district of Sehningen, which has merged with the main town. Until May 31, 2007, the entire community was called Boll. Following the approval of the Baden-Württemberg Council of Ministers, the municipality has officially been known as "Bad Boll" since June 1, 2007.
Together with the communities of Aichelberg , Dürnau , Gammelshausen , Hattenhofen and Zell u. A. has been forming the Bad Boll local authority association since 1970 .
Division of space
According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2014.
The first written mention of the provost by Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa dates back to 1155.
The first human traces come from the time of Celtic settlement (approx. 700–200 BC) in the form of a facility (probably a refugee castle ) in the Bertaburg area on the Kornberg . Traces of Roman settlement in the form of a property were found in broken fragments in the area of the Bad Boll district. After the fall of the Limes in the third century, the area was settled by Alemanni and today's district of Sehningen was founded.
The first church was probably built around 800 AD, traces of which can be found in the crypt of today's collegiate church. In the first half of the 12th century Berta von Boll , who is said to have had her widow's seat on the Bertaburg , founded a provost's office, which was mentioned in a document in 1155. In this context, the collegiate church of St. Cyriakus was built on top of the previous church. From 1332 Count Ulrich von Württemberg († 1348) appears there as a provost.
In 1595 the sulfur and thermal springs were found in the area of the Bad Boll district. In 1596, today's Kurhaus was built in its first form by Heinrich Schickhardt .
19th and 20th centuries
From 1823 to 1825 the Kurhaus was rebuilt in its present form.
In 1945, the Evangelical Academy Bad Boll was founded as the first church academy in Germany .
The Boller Bad in the 17th century, copper engraving by Matthäus Merian
Boll, watercolor by General Eduard von Kallee
Source: Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office for data from 1970
|May 17, 1939||1529|
|September 13, 1950||2426|
|May 27, 1970||3692|
|December 31, 1983||4286|
|May 25, 1987||4161|
|December 31, 1990||4803|
|December 31, 1995||5093|
|December 31, 2000||5149|
|December 31, 2005||5270|
|December 31, 2010||5205|
|December 31, 2015||5110|
Bad Boll is the seat of the Bad Boll local authority association .
Bad Boll is a stronghold of the Greens, but they have not yet been able to provide a mayor. Hans-Rudi Bührle (independent or FWV) has been the incumbent mayor since 1996, who was re-elected in October 2012 for a third term of eight years.
His predecessors in office were Klaus Pavel (CDU) from 1984 to 1996 and Hans H. Pfeifer (SPD) from 1974 to 1983 .
The municipal council in Bad Boll has 14 members. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following final result. The municipal council consists of the elected voluntary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council.
|Parties and constituencies||
|GLB||Bad Boll Green List||41.24||6th||39.06||6th|
|UWV||Independent electoral association||21.19||3||31.35||4th|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||37.57||5||29.60||4th|
coat of arms
The blazon of the municipal coat of arms of Bad Boll reads: In green, a silver fountain basin covered with a lying black stag pole with rising silver water jets .
The fountain in the town's coat of arms indicates the town's sulfur bath. Below that, the stag bar indicates that it belongs to Württemberg. The coat of arms was awarded on January 25, 1961 by the Ministry of the Interior. The colors of the place are white-green.
There is a partnership with the city of Herrnhut in Saxony .
Culture and sights
The Protestant collegiate church of St. Cyriakus located in the center is a Romanesque three-nave flat-roofed pillar basilica from the 12th century that has been preserved in its pure form . In 1902, the composer Max Reger was married to Elsa von Bercken . Under the choir is a crypt of the previous church. The church has been a sight on Staufer Street since 1977 .
On the Kornberg, southeast of Bad Boll, there are depressions in the terrain, which are interpreted as the defensive ditches of an earlier Bertaburg , in which Berta von Boll is said to have had her widow's seat.
During the excavations for the thermal springs, fossils were also found in Bad Boll . Some of these are located in public buildings such as the town hall, the rehabilitation clinic (Kurhaus) or the school in Bad Boll. Outside of this, Boller fossils can also be found in the Urwelt Museum Hauff in Holzmaden and the Museum am Löwentor in Stuttgart.
The Day of German Unity has been open for sale in Bad Boll since 2000 . In 2005, on the occasion of the 850th anniversary of the first mention of the place in a certificate from Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa, his aunt Berta von Boll was emphasized and the play Frau Berta auf dem Bollen was performed. German Unity Day has been celebrated as Berta Day since 2010 . On this occasion, the Boll sculptor Alois Wild created a Berta column , which has been set up at the town hall every year since then.
In front of the collegiate church, a Staufer stele created by Markus Wolf was erected on October 3, 2013 , which commemorates the first mention of the place in a document from 1155 as well as Berta von Boll.
Staufer column by Markus Wolf (2013)
Infrastructure, structures and facilities
The oldest building is the collegiate church of St. Cyriakus as the parish church of the Protestant parish, a particularly well-preserved three-aisled Romanesque pillar basilica built in the 12th century over at least two previous buildings, the oldest parts of which date from the 10th and 11th centuries. Its construction, which probably originated from the Cyriakus monastery in Wiesensteig, was funded by Berta von Boll, the sister of the first Staufer king, Konrad III, who was born in 1090. She lived in the village as a widow in her later years. The collegiate church, impressive in its architectural clarity, served the villagers as a protective and fortified church. Some of the sculptural work is remarkable, such as the Romanesque deep baptismal font, reworked in 1902, the Gothic tracery windows and the stone pulpit on the central pillar on the north side with a vine relief on the banister, and finally the colored Baroque sound cover. As part of the church renovation in 1902, Christoph Blumhardt's collegiate church received two glass paintings (Moses and Christ) designed by Jakob Grünenwald in 1889 for the Kurhaus Boll . The Christ window in the choir was removed in 1957 in favor of the work Revelation by the well-known glass painter Hans Gottfried von Stockhausen , the Moses window remained in the north aisle.
The Bad Boll Evangelical Academy , the first of its kind in Germany, with a conference center is located in the Bad Boll district . Another large conference center is the Seminaris Hotel Bad Boll.
There is also a spa and rehabilitation clinic in the Kurhaus that uses the thermal springs . At the southern end of the community there is an outdoor pool with three pools and a children's slide on a hillside.
In addition to Herrnhut and Zeist, Bad Boll is the seat of the directorate (church leadership) of the European continental province of the Moravian Brethren .
The Eckwälden district is the seat of the cosmetics and pharmaceuticals company Wala Heilmittel, founded by Rudolf Hauschka , as well as many other anthroposophical institutions.
In addition to the parish of the Evangelical Regional Church , belonging to the Protestant church district of Göppingen , and the Catholic Church, there is also a Moravian Brethren in Bad Boll as well as free churches , including the Evangelical Methodist Church and a New Apostolic Church .
Boll train station
On May 30, 1926, the Boll station was opened with a folk festival . Until the end of the 1980s, Boll was the terminus of the Voralbbahn , on which trains ran every hour to Göppingen station and back. The company was closed in 1989 for reasons of profitability . In the former station building ( 48 ° 38 ′ 35.2 ″ N , 9 ° 37 ′ 3.7 ″ E ), an eaves two-story building with a hipped roof , there is now a hotel. Extensive track systems, a goods shed and a vehicle scale were demolished in 2011. An interest group tries to resume traffic. Other plans include integration into a regional train.
The municipality of Bad Boll obtains its drinking water exclusively from the Uhinger water supply group. The Uhinger water supply group was founded in 1907 by the communities of Uhingen , Faurndau , Jebenhausen , Dürnau , Bezgenriet , Boll, Hattenhofen , Sparwiesen , Albershausen and Schlierbach . The water was collected between Uhingen and Faurndau and a pumping station was set up there. Today the association receives its water from the state water supply .
Long-distance cycle path
Bad Boll is located on the Swabian Alb Cycle Path , a long-distance cycle path that leads from Lake Constance to Nördlingen across the entire Swabian Alb.
Sons and daughters of the church
- Theodor Niemeyer (1857–1939), international lawyer
- Ernst Wall (1903–1985), prehistoric
- Rolf-Dieter Heuer (* 1948), physicist
- Martin Lillich (* 1955), jazz musician
- Martin Semmelrogge (* 1955), actor
- Philip Roller (* 1994), Thai national soccer player
Communicate with the community
- Berta von Boll (* around 1089, † around 1142), sister of King Conrad III. , Founder of the Boller Propstei
- Johann Christoph Blumhardt (1805–1880), theologian; worked in the district of Boll, died and buried there
- Christoph Friedrich Blumhardt (1842–1919), theologian; worked in the district of Boll, buried there
- Anna von Sprewitz (1847–1923), deaconess
- Elisabeth von Ardenne (1853–1952), archetype of Effi Briest , nurse in Eckwälden
- Max Reger (1873–1916), composer and conductor; married on December 7, 1902 in Boll
- Oskar Graf (1873–1958), painter; lived in Boll from the 1940s until his death
- Margarethe Hauschka (1896–1980), anthroposophic doctor, worked in Eckwälden and Boll
- Helmut Stellrecht (1898–1987), National Socialist politician and author, lived in Boll from 1960, died there
- Eberhard Müller (1906–1989), theologian; Founding director of the Evangelical Academy Bad Boll
- Margret Hofheinz-Döring (1910–1994), painter and graphic artist; last lived in Boll
- Bernhard Kempa (1920–2017), handball player and coach of Frisch Auf Göppingen ; lived in Bad Boll
- Günther C. Kirchberger (1928–2010), painter and artist; lived in Bad Boll from 1996 until his death
- Klaus Heider (1936–2013), artist; lived and worked in Bad Boll, among others
- Johann-Henrich Krummacher (1946–2008), Protestant clergyman, publicist and politician (Member of the Bundestag); was director of the Evangelical Academy Bad Boll from 1996 to 2005
- Hans H. Pfeifer (* 1948), politician (SPD); was mayor of Boll from 1974 to 1983
- Klaus Pavel (* 1953), politician (CDU); was mayor of Boll from 1984 to 1996
- Thomas Schlag (* 1965), theologian, was vicar of the Protestant parish from 1996 to 1999 and director of studies at the Evangelical Academy in Bad Boll from 2000 to 2004
- Municipality of Boll, Klaus Pavel, Walter Ziegler : Boll: village and bath on the Swabian Alb. Weissenhorn 1988.
- Boll community, Klaus Pavel: Bad Boll: 1595–1995; from the ducal miracle bath to the health resort. Weissenhorn 1995.
- Christa Maria Reinert: In Boll, around Boll, and around Boll! A contemporary home book and picture book. Dischner, Eislingen / Fils 1993.
- Walther Günther: Bad Boll. History and present. Steinkopf, Stuttgart 1980, ISBN 3-7984-0382-1
- Eckhard Christof: Heimatbuch Eckwälden: a journey through the centuries; 1933-1983; 50 years of Eckwälden near Boll. Boll community, Eckwälden village community 1983.
- Claus Anshof: Boll - Dürnau - Gammelshausen: three villages, one parish; the historical development of the Catholic community. Boll 1981.
- ↑ State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- ↑ Main statutes of the Bad Boll community from May 10, 2001, last changed on December 8, 2005 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF file; 44 kB)
- ^ StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2007
- ↑ State Statistical Office, area since 1988 according to actual use for Bad Boll.
- ↑ a b Stauferstele Bad Boll on stauferstelen.net with historical background information, accessed on March 22, 2014
- ↑ a b c d Bad Boll community: Countess Berta von Boll ( Memento of the original from April 26, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF file; 1.9 MB)
- ↑ Biographical website on the person in the Baden-Württemberg state bibliography
- ↑ http://www.swp.de/geislingen/lokales/geislingen/buehrle-in-bad-boll-mit-90_7-prozent-wiedergewaehlt-10767566.html
- ↑ Election information for the municipal data center
- ↑ Straße der Staufer on stauferstelen.de. Retrieved July 12, 2016.
- ^ Ms Berta auf dem Bollen , accessed on October 6, 2013
- ↑ Two church leaders: Heidi Rapp, The Evangelical Collegiate Church of St. Cyriakus in Boll , ed. Ev. Parish of Boll, Salach o. J. (approx. 1980) and Tübingen 1995
- ^ Website of the Evangelical Church Community Bad Boll
- ^ Petra Scheible-Schober and Jürgen Helmbrecht: Jakob Grünenwald (1821-1896). A Swabian genre painter ; ed. Karl-Heinz Rueß; Publications of the Göppingen City Archives Volume 35, Göppingen / Weißenhorn 1996, p. 177
- ↑ Michael Ott: The history of the branch line Göppingen - Boll, Chapter 5: The opening in 1926, accessed on October 6, 2011
- ^ Hotel in Bad Boll train station: Pink Times , accessed on October 6, 2011
- ↑ Branch lines then and now: The former branch line Göppingen - Bad Boll "Boller Bähnle" ( Memento of the original from June 20, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed October 6, 2011
- ^ Website of the association Ein neue Zug im Kreis , accessed on October 6, 2011
- ↑ New chance