|Gottenheim – Riegel – Breisach|
|Route number :||9431 (Riegel – Breisach)
9432 (Gottenheim – Riegel)
|Course book section (DB) :||723 (Riegel – Breisach)
724 (Gottenheim – Endingen)
|Route length:||37.6 km|
|Gauge :||1435 mm ( standard gauge )|
|Route class :||C2|
|Power system :||15 kV, 16.7 Hz ~|
|Maximum slope :||8.5 ‰|
|Minimum radius :||190 m|
|Top speed:||80 km / h|
The Kaiserstuhlbahn is a non-federal branch line that circumnavigates the Kaiserstuhl east, north and west with the Gottenheim - Riegel Ort - Endingen am Kaiserstuhl and Riegel-Malterdingen –Endingen am Kaiserstuhl– Breisach routes . In Riegel-Malterdingen there is a connection to the Rheintalbahn and thus in the direction of Offenburg or Freiburg im Breisgau . In Gottenheim and Breisach there is a transition to the state railway line Freiburg – Breisach (Breisacher Bahn) , which opened in 1871 and runs on the southern edge of the Kaiserstuhl. The center of operations is the Endingen station, where the administration, the depot and vehicle hangars are located.
The Kaiserstuhlbahn is the last completely preserved and fully operational standard gauge line of the former Süddeutsche Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft (SEG) . Local passenger transport, freight transport and museum railway operations ( vines ) take place on the route . Some of the routes are also used by bus. Today, Endingen is the seat of the Breisgau – Kaiserstuhl public transport company. All local and freight traffic is operated on all non-electrified railway lines in the greater Freiburg area.
The sections of the route Gottenheim – Riegel am Kaiserstuhl Ort and Riegel-Malterdingen – Endingen were opened on December 15, 1894, and the rest of the Endingen – Breisach section followed on September 7, 1895. The builder was the Baden railway consortium under the railway entrepreneur Herrmann Bachstein , which brought the railway into the Süddeutsche Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft (SEG) on December 8, 1897 with effect from April 1, 1897 together with the Bregtal Railway and the Zell-Todtnauer Railway .
After the SEG had waived an extension of the license at the end of 1952 due to the high deficits of all its branch lines, the Kaiserstuhlbahn was taken over by the state of Baden-Württemberg with effect from January 1, 1953 and incorporated into the Mittelbadische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft AG (MEG) .
Rationalization and modernization of the line began under the MEG with the complete conversion to diesel operation, the introduction of train control operations and one-man operation for railcars. From the mid-1950s, bus transport developed into the second mainstay of passenger transport with high growth rates.
On October 1, 1971, MEG merged with the Südwestdeutsche Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft AG (SWEG) based in Lahr, which was renamed Südwestdeutsche Verkehrs-Aktiengesellschaft in 1984. As a result of the merger, the Münstertalbahn workshop in Sulzburg was given up and the maintenance of the vehicles was relocated to Endingen. In 1978 the museum steam train "Rebenbummler" started its regular operation.
The S-Bahn operation
Together with other companies, SWEG founded the Regio-Verkehrsverbund Freiburg (RVF) on January 1st, 1994 . The concept of the Breisgau S-Bahn envisaged integrated regular traffic with modern lightweight multiple units for the Freiburg – Breisach route as well as for the Kaiserstuhlbahn in order to better connect the Kaiserstuhl region to Freiburg. Regio-Shuttle RS1 as S5 run from Breisach to Riegel-Malterdingen every hour. From Endingen a. K. to Gottenheim an Alstom Coradia Continental (ET 1440) drives every 30 minutes as an S12.
In 1995, the SWEG founded the subsidiary Breisgau-S-Bahn GmbH (BSB) together with the Freiburger Verkehrs AG , each with a 50% share , which took over operations on the Breisacher Bahn in 1997 . The entire traffic around the Kaiserstuhl was now in the hands of SWEG. In 2002 the Elztalbahn was taken over by the BSB. For the routes of the Kaiserstuhlbahn, Breisacher Bahn, Elztalbahn and Münstertalbahn, a total of 21 regional railcars of the type Regio-Shuttle RS 1 were procured, all of which are stationed in Endingen.
A cooperation agreement between RVG and NVBW of March 11, 2009 includes the electrification of the S-Bahn network in the Freiburg area by 2018. The Breisach – Riegel am Kaiserstuhl and Riegel am Kaiserstuhl Ort – Gottenheim routes are also to be electrified. The symbolic groundbreaking ceremony took place in April 2017. On July 8, 2019 at 7 p.m., the overhead line was energized.
A mechanical interlocking of the type unit was operated in Gottenheim until January 2019 and also in Breisach until December 2019. Both stations are now remotely controlled from the electronic interlocking (ESTW) in Freiburg-Wiehre at the "Breisach" operator station.
From the timetable year 2020 should be every half hour in Gottenheim and hourly in Titisee winged be. Due to problems in Gottenheim after Endingen a. K. to be transferred. In addition, there is only one train every hour between Titisee and Seebrugg on Sundays. But trains are also repeatedly canceled, which is insufficiently communicated. For this reason, a modified, less complicated timetable concept will apply on line S1 from February 17, 2020, according to which the shuttle service between Gottenheim and Endingen a. K. remains; This means that the wings / coupling of the trains are no longer required in Gottenheim. The aim is to stabilize the timetable and ensure reliable operation. In June, those responsible then want to return to the old timetable concept.
Vehicle fleet and operation
As initial equipment, the Kaiserstuhlbahn received five tank locomotives No. 333–337 of the Prussian T3 design , 15 two-axle passenger cars with open stages and skylight roofs , 9 freight cars and three railway maintenance cars. Most of the freight wagons were later discontinued on the State Railways. Until the introduction of the air brake in the 1930s, all vehicles had lever-operated brakes . As an important link , the Riegeler Brewery in Riegel am Kaiserstuhl owned a large number of its own beer refrigerator trucks for shipping beer, all of which were used by the State Railroad as private freight cars. The only remaining Riegeler beer refrigerator truck has been preserved as a museum on the museum steam train Rebenbummler.
In 1927 the SEG introduced railcar traffic with internal combustion railcars at the Kaiserstuhl, making the SEG one of the first railways in Germany to use internal combustion railcars. In 1925, the SEG acquired a series of six multiple units No. T1 to T6 from Van der Zypen & Charlier , almost all of which also drove at least temporarily at the Kaiserstuhl and of which the T24 (T4) was preserved as a museum. The MAN T22 multiple unit was delivered in 1935 as a replacement for the burned-out T6 . In 1927, the Kaiserstuhlbahn received the brand-new four-coupling steam locomotives No. 384 and 385 from Henschel , which correspond to the Henschel catalog type Essen . Since 1978, locomotive 384 has served as the train locomotive for the museum steam train Rebenbummler , which consists entirely of former SEG vehicles from the Kaiserstuhlbahn and other SEG routes.
In 1948, three used steam locomotives of the Württembergische T 6 type were bought by the Federal Railroad , which were in use as No. 391, 393 and 394 at least until the middle of the decade. Locomotive 394 arrived at Europa-Park Rust in 1974 as a showpiece and has been preserved. After the transition to the MEG in 1953, the old rolling stock of the original equipment from 1894/95 was largely scrapped and replaced by more modern or modernized cars from other former SEG railways from Rheinhessen. All steam locomotives of the T3 design were scrapped in the 1950s. In 1956 the Krauss-Maffei ML 440 C diesel locomotive V44.01 was purchased . After buying several brand new MAN rail buses VT23, VT25 and VT27, the old T22 and T24 railcars were only needed as a reserve. From 1974 to 1985 the former DB narrow-gauge locomotive 252 902 (ex V 52 902) ex Mosbach – Mudau, converted to standard gauge, was in use at the Kaiserstuhl as V 46.01.
Today's fleet of the Kaiserstuhlbahn includes five regional shuttles , several NE 81 railcars and control cars , the MAN VT28 rail bus and the two V102 and 103 (D 75 B'B ') diesel locomotives from Kaelble-Gmeinder that were acquired for the Kaiserstuhlbahn in 1985 . 15 buses expand the range of vehicles for road traffic.
In 2014, SWEG invested in the renovation of the rail network.
- Gerd Wolff, Hans-Dieter Menges: German small and private railways. Volume 2: Bathing . EK-Verlag, Freiburg 1992, ISBN 3-88255-653-6 , p. 242-257 .
- Werner Müller-Rißmann, Rainer Humbach: The museum steam train Rebenbummler. Description and history. 3rd ext. and verb. Edition . Self-published by Eisenbahnfreunde Breisgau eV, Freiburg 2001, ISBN 978-3-9807900-0-0 .
- Rainer Humbach: Kaiserstuhlbahn, in: Secondary and narrow-gauge railways in Germany then and now. 78th supplementary edition . GeraMond Verlag, 2009, ISSN 0949-2143 .
- Franz Dannecker: Big money for local transport. In: Badische Zeitung. May 10, 2011, accessed August 30, 2011 .
- First groundbreaking for electrification of the Kaiserstuhlbahn. In: eurailpress.de. DVV Media Group GmbH, April 28, 2017, accessed on May 20, 2017 .
- Mario Schöneberg: The signal box at Gottenheim station is operated manually for the last time. Badische Zeitung, January 30, 2019, accessed on March 12, 2019 .
- Manfred Frietsch: S-Bahn between Endingen and Gottenheim continue to run only every hour. Badische Zeitung, December 20, 2019, accessed on December 29, 2019 .
- Manfred Frietsch & BZ editorial team: Disruptions in the Breisgau S-Bahn continue on the first day after the holidays. Badische Zeitung, January 7, 2020, accessed on January 9, 2020 .
- Breisgau-S-Bahn: Changed operating concept for more stability of train operations. Ministry of Transport Baden Württemberg, January 10, 2020, accessed on January 25, 2020 .
- Diary of the steam locomotive 384 of the Rebenbummler museum train at the Kaiserstuhl ( memento from September 7, 2012 in the web archive archive.today ) , accessed on January 24, 2010
- rangierdiesel.de: rangierdiesel.de - Krauss-Maffei - ML 440 C , accessed on January 24, 2010
- Gerhard Greß: Freiburg transport hub and its surroundings in the fifties and sixties . EK-Verlag, Freiburg 1997, ISBN 3-88255-263-8 , p. 68 ff.
- Sasbach: Kaiserstuhlbahn: Track construction around the clock - badische-zeitung.de. Retrieved March 17, 2014 .