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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Elzach
Map of Germany, position of the city of Elzach highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 10 '  N , 8 ° 4'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Freiburg
County : Emmendingen
Height : 361 m above sea level NHN
Area : 75.28 km 2
Residents: 7242 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 96 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 79215
Area code : 07682
License plate : EM
Community key : 08 3 16 010

City administration address :
Hauptstrasse 69
79215 Elzach
Website : www.elzach.de
Mayor : Roland Tibi
Location of the city of Elzach in the district of Emmendingen
Frankreich Ortenaukreis Landkreis Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald Landkreis Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald Freiburg im Breisgau Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis Bahlingen am Kaiserstuhl Biederbach Biederbach Biederbach Denzlingen Elzach Emmendingen Endingen am Kaiserstuhl Forchheim (Kaiserstuhl) Freiamt (Schwarzwald) Gutach im Breisgau Herbolzheim Kenzingen Malterdingen Malterdingen Reute (Breisgau) Rheinhausen (Breisgau) Riegel am Kaiserstuhl Sasbach am Kaiserstuhl Sexau Simonswald Teningen Vörstetten Waldkirch Weisweil Winden im Elztal Wyhl am Kaiserstuhlmap
About this picture

Elzach is a town in the district of Emmendingen in Baden-Württemberg , approximately 26 kilometers northeast of Freiburg .



The city is located on the eastern edge of the Emmendingen district , where it borders on the Ortenau district and the Schwarzwald-Baar district . Topographically , the municipality is characterized by its location in the Elz valley around the Rohrhardsberg local mountain . It belongs to the Breisgau and is located on the edge of the Southern Black Forest Nature Park .

City structure

Elzach consists of the districts of Elzach, Prechtal, Oberprechtal, Yach and Katzenmoos .

  • The city of Elzach is part of the Elzach district.
  • The Katzenmoos district includes the village Katzenmoos, the hamlets Unterspitzenbach and Weinersberg, the Zinken Friedlinsbach, Halden, Hallersberg and Vitenloch, the farms Moserberg, Roßfedern and Steinmühle and the residential areas Dehnenbach, Morgenberg and Steinberg.
  • The Oberprechtal district includes the villages of Oberprechtal and Dorf, the hamlet of Vor dem Wittenbach, the Zinken Lampertsbach, the Hänsles, Michele and Schüßelebauern farms, Hinterprechtal, Im Grund and Landwasser and the residential area Im Loch.
  • The Prechtal district includes the hamlets of Eilet, Fis (ß) Nacht and Ladhof, the Zinken Bachere (partly to Biederbach ), Frischnau (partly to Biederbach), Heidenacker (partly to Biederbach), Leimental and Unterprechtal, the courtyards Herni (partly to Biederbach), Hernishof, Kud (tt) ershof, Reichenbach, Schloßhof (Schloßbauer), Schrahöfe and Wellishöfe and the residential areas Alte Halden, Bodenhäusle, Funi, Gustlet, Lürenberg, Neue Halden, Rittacker and Zinkle (Dorershof). In the district Prechtal lying Outbound (or renamed) village Heimburgerhof.
  • The Yach district includes the village of Dorf, the hamlet of Deckelsbach, the Zinkeninkengrund, the farms Farnrain and Untertal, Hinterer Zinken and Vorderer Zinken and the residential areas Fischersdobel, Gobert, Platzhäusle and Wüstloch.

In the districts apart from the district of Elzach, localities are set up within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code, each with their own local council , local chief as its chairman and each with their own administrative offices.


Elzach - Elzach-Fisnacht station (440 m)
Climate diagram
J F. M. A. M. J J A. S. O N D.
Temperature in ° Cprecipitation in mm
Source: [1]
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Elzach - Station Elzach-Fisnacht (440 m)
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 5.2 7.0 11.3 15.6 19.0 23.9 26.6 25.7 21.0 15.4 10.0 7.7 O 15.7
Min. Temperature (° C) -1.8 -1.1 1.1 3.6 7.8 12.0 13.8 12.9 9.1 5.6 2.0 0.0 O 5.5
Temperature (° C) 1.7 2.6 5.9 9.6 13.6 17.9 20.1 19.1 14.6 10.1 5.7 3.5 O 10.4
Precipitation ( mm ) 139 68 102 98 130 124 61 100 71 74 102 105 Σ 1,174
Rainy days ( d ) 19th 13 15th 14th 16 15th 12 12 11 12 14th 17th Σ 170
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Source: [2]


Until the 19th century

Elzach was first mentioned in a document on August 5, 1178. From the 13th century it was under the control of the Lords of Schwarzenberg , who granted it city ​​rights around 1290 . From the end of the 14th century, the Schwarzenberg rule was viewed as a fiefdom of the Habsburgs . In 1465 it passed to the von Rechberg family , later to the von Ehingen (1546) and von Reischach (1560) families , with the new masters mostly taking up residence in the Elzach City Palace . In 1567 Archduke Ferdinand of Austria bought the indebted Schwarzenberg estate for 28,000 guilders. The Habsburgs continued to give the rule as a fief to the von Fischer and von Greuth. From 1742 to 1805 the barons of Wittenbach had the fief. The respective noble families belonged to the Breisgau estates and the rulership was part of Upper Austria , which belonged to the Austrian Empire . From 1803 to 1806 Elzach was part of the short-lived Duchy of Modena-Breisgau . In 1806, the town with the Breisgau in Upper Austria came to the Electorate of Baden , which soon after became the Grand Duchy of Baden . From 1813 to 1819 it was the seat of a Baden district office .

Community merger

On January 1, 1974 the community Katzenmoos was incorporated into Elzach, the community Yach followed on July 1, 1974. Today's town of Elzach was formed on January 1, 1975 by the merger of the city of Elzach and the communities of Oberprechtal and Prechtal. Oberprechtal was only created on January 1, 1964 when nine residential spaces were separated from the Prechtal community.



Seven Rocks

Yach (about 1000 inhabitants) is located at the foot of the Rohrhardsberg, in a side valley of the upper Elz valley. In Yach there is the Siebenfelsen , a meter-high stone structure that apparently consists of seven stones lying on top of each other. Its origin is unclear.

Yach is the only place in Germany whose name begins with the letter "Y". The inhabitants of the Elz Valley pronounce the name like "Ëich". A name relationship therefore presumably exists with the Eyachtal in the northern Black Forest.



for the history see also the article Prechtal
Prechtal With approx. 2000 inhabitants, Prechtal is the most populous place after the core town of Elzach. Prechtal's name originates from the “broken” river course of the Elz, which makes a bend in the former Oberprechtal district. Prechtal is characterized by a dense network of clubs. There are various clubs for sport and leisure, whereby the RVC Prechtal particularly distinguished itself by participating in national championships in the youth field, as well as a team in the 2nd Bundesliga or a year in the 1st Bundesliga in club cycling.

In popular parlance, Prechtal is pronounced "splendid", hence the saying goes: "In splendor everything is right."



for the history see also the article Prechtal dominion

Church of the Coronation of Mary in Oberprechtal

Oberprechtal has around 1070 inhabitants. Since the beginning of the 10th century, almost the entire Elztal has belonged to the Waldkirch Monastery , a foundation of the Alemanni Duke Burchard II. In a letter of protection, Pope Alexander III. exhibited for the St. Margarethen Monastery in Waldkirch in 1178, the Prechtal is first mentioned as the Meiertum "Bregen".

In other documents from the Middle Ages, the place appears under the names Gebrech, Brech, Brecht and Precht. The name cannot be explained exactly, but probably comes from the fact that the Elz , which initially flows north, is clearly broken in today's Oberprechtal and the river now continues in a south-westerly direction.

Cat moss

Cat moss

The name Kozzenmuos appears for the first time in 1341 . There was likely mining in the area. Pingen and old mining dumps are evidence of this . In the 16th century the place was called Kotzenmoss . Until the municipality reform on January 1st 1974 Katzenmoos was an independent municipality.

The great-grandfather of the Archbishop of Freiburg, Stephan Burger, comes from Katzenmoos, but left the place in 1896.


City council

The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result with a turnout of 67.3% (2014: 57.4%):

FWG 43.8% 8 seats 2014: 45.6%, 8 seats
CDU 34.7% 6 seats 2014: 37.8%, 7 seats
SPD 21.5% 4 seats 2014: 16.7%, 3 seats

coat of arms

The blazon of the Elzach coat of arms reads: “In a split shield in front in green St. Nicholas in a silver robe with a red, silver-bordered miter, the silver crook in his right hand, a red book with three golden balls lying on it in his left, behind in silver a floating black three-mountain. "

For the first time, the city and church patron Saint Nicholas is used on a city seal hanging on a document from 1315. The black Dreiberg in the coat of arms can be traced back to the Schwarzenberg rule. Based on the seal from 1315, the General State Archives produced a coat of arms for Elzach in 1895. A short time later, however, it turned out that the seal, no matter how carefully it was engraved and how clean it was kept, could never provide clear impressions because the coat of arms was too overloaded and therefore did not allow an exact engraving.

The current coat of arms was simplified to the current city coat of arms following a resolution by the Elzach municipal council and with a certificate from the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of the Interior in 1968. The colors of the coat of arms are kept in such a way that the city colors "white-green" (silver-green) adopted around 1948 can be derived from them according to the heraldic rule. These colors of the rear coat of arms field are taken from the coat of arms of the Lords of Schwarzenberg.

Mayor and mayor

  • 1638–1657: Hans Georg Sonner (mayor)
  • 1657–1657: Johann Georg Häberlin (Mayor)
  • 1869–1907: Georg Rapp (Mayor)
  • 1907–1927: Hermann Pfaff
  • 1927–1933: Adolf Rapp
  • 1933–1945: Emil Riegger ( NSDAP )
  • 1945–1955: Adolf Rapp (retired due to death)
  • 1955–1983: Erich Bayer (retired)
  • 1983–1991: Bernhard Apfel
  • 1991-2007: Michael Heitz ( SPD )
  • 2007–2012: Holger Krezer (SPD)
  • 2012 until today: Roland Günther Tibi (independent)

Town twinning

Elzach maintains a city ​​partnership with the following cities :

Economy and Infrastructure

Even today trade and industry are lively. In addition to butchers , bakeries , carpenters , service businesses and numerous retail outlets , there are still professions here that are no longer available in other cities and communities , such as linen weaving , turnery and rope making . The town mill has existed since 1606.

BDH clinic

The city Elzach is 750 hectares of the largest forest owner of the community , in the nature of the wood processing of the saw mills to wood carvers is widely represented. Gemstone cutting , slaughterhouses and textile trades can be found as well as goldsmiths , glass and metal processing .

In Elzach - as in the entire Elztal - the textile industry was of historical importance, although nothing has existed for a few years.

In the service sector, the clinics deserve special mention. The city of Elzach has a leading rehabilitation clinic for neurology in Germany , the BDH-Klinik Elzach with a wide range of services.

Elzach and the Oberprechtal district have the rating climatic health resort , which has brought lively tourism to the community .


The terminus of the Elztalbahn ( Freiburg - Denzlingen - Waldkirch - Elzach) is in Elzach . The Breisgau S-Bahn runs on the route today .

Federal highway 294 ( Bretten - Freiburg im Breisgau ) runs through the city, bypassing the city center since October 2012.

Culture and sights

Old town hall with local history museum (left) Gasthaus Hirschen-Post (right)
The folk costume of the Prechtal
Part of the famous Elzacher Fasnet , the beard schuttig, linden wood mask with snail hat


Today the local history museum is located in the old town hall.


Regular events

A lively club life can be observed in Elzach. Particularly noteworthy is the well-known, traditional Elzacher Fasnet with its main character, Elzacher Schuttig. In addition to the fools 'guilds from Rottweil , Oberndorf and Überlingen , the Elzach fools' guild belongs to the so-called four - league .

The Schuttig is a representation of the wild man. Typical of him are the Saublodere (= pig's bladders), the tricorn headed with snail shells, as well as the tough, malicious appearance of the figure.


  • The sports fans Elzach-Yach created on 1 July 2002 by a merger of SC Elzach and SV Yach. In 2008/09 and 2009/10 the first men's team played in the Association League South Baden , in all other seasons it belonged to the State League Season 2 of the South Baden Football Association (SBFV).
  • The sports community Prechtal / Oberprechtal was founded in 2010 as a game community of FC Prechtal and FSV Oberprechtal and entered in the register of associations in 2015 as a regular club. The first men's team has played in the Freiburg District League since the 2012/13 season and won the District Cup in 2012 and 2018.

sons and daughters of the town


Web links

Commons : Elzach  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Elzach  - travel guide
Wikisource: Topographia Sueviae: Elzach  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. ^ Freiburg administrative district . In: Landesarchivdirektion Baden-Württemberg (ed.): The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality . tape IV . Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 , p. 208-212 .
  3. ^ Franz Kreutter : History of the Imperial and Royal Western Austrian States , St. Blasien 1790, p. 252
  4. see Edmund von der Becke-Klüchtzner, Stamm-Tafeln des Nels des Großherzogthums Baden: a newly edited nobility book , Baden-Baden, 1886; Pp. 544–545 ( digitized version )
  5. City history on the homepage of the city of Elzach
  6. a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 511 .
  7. Deacon ordination in the St. Nikolauskirche in Elzach ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  8. Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office
  9. Emmendingen District's Register of Arms