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Kirnburg - View of the Palas from the south

Kirnburg - View of the Palas from the south

Alternative name (s): Kürnburg, Kürnberg, Kvrinberc
Creation time : around 1200
Castle type : Höhenburg, spur location
Conservation status: ruin
Standing position : Nobles, clericals
Place: Herbolzheim -Bleichheim
Geographical location 48 ° 12 '15.5 "  N , 7 ° 50' 26.9"  E Coordinates: 48 ° 12 '15.5 "  N , 7 ° 50' 26.9"  E
Height: 382.5  m above sea level NHN
Kirnburg (Baden-Wuerttemberg)

The Kirnburg , also called Kürnburg or Kürnberg , is the ruin of a spur castle on a mountain spur of the Kirnberg 382.5  m above sea level. NHN about 500 meters east of the Bleichheim district of the city of Herbolzheim in the Emmendingen district in Baden-Württemberg .


Around 1200 Rudolf I von Üsenberg probably built the first oldest area of ​​the Kirnburg. 1219 the castle was mentioned as "castro nostro Kvrinberc" in the 13th century, the Lords of Üsenberg built the outer bailey from. In 1352 the castle and the associated rule went to Heinrich IV. Von Hachberg , who temporarily resided at the castle. Later, the castle and the rule of Kirnberg were pledged to regional noble families , such as the influential Freiburg noble family the Schnewlin-Landeck , the knights Martin Malterer and Konrad von Weinsberg and, from 1424, the bishops of Strasbourg , who expanded the castle one last time and according to the time fortified.

In 1372 the rule of Kürnberg fell to the Dukes Albrecht and Leopold of Austria when the Landgraviate of Breisgau was taken over . It remained with the Habsburgs and was awarded as a fief until the end of Upper Austria .

In 1515, a few years before the outbreak of the Peasant War , Wolf von Hürnheim zum Tuttenstein acquired the Kirnburg as a fief. After the castle was in poor condition at the beginning of the Thirty Years War , it was quickly conquered and razed by the troops of Duke Bernhard von Weimar, who passed through . From 1682 to 1967 the castle ruins were fiefdoms of the Counts of Kageneck and then came into the possession of the state of Baden-Württemberg.

In 1938 the ruin was uncovered and since 1978 security and restoration measures have been carried out to preserve it as a historical monument .


Gate and keep stump

On a castle area of ​​60 by 80 meters, the castle complex had a core castle with farm buildings, a palas on the north side and a 2.3 meter thick shield wall as well as an outer bailey in the west and a ditch in the south. The keep had a footprint of around 10 by 10 meters and a wall thickness of one meter.

Valuable stove tiles from the Strasbourg period (from 1424) have been preserved.


Web links

Commons : Kirnburg  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Map services of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation ( information )
  2. Construction started later than expected ( memento from June 5, 2019 in the Internet Archive ), Badische Zeitung , May 15, 2019.
  3. See