Shield wall

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Shield wall of Stahleck Castle

The highest and strongest castle wall is called a shield wall if it is clearly separated from the rest of the surrounding walls. The shield wall serves to secure the main attack side. If a shield wall extended over two or more sides, one also speaks of the high mantle or mantle wall .


A clear definitional delimitation from the mantle wall is often not possible. The construction of shield walls became common in the late 12th century and may be seen as a response to the increasing use of heavy siege engines like the Blide . The thickness of a shield wall could be up to twelve meters in extreme cases ( Neuscharfeneck Castle ). A battlement usually ran on the top of the wall , and the shield wall could be surrounded by two towers. In some cases, the curtain wall replaced the castle keep , such as in the Westerwald located Sporkenburg or at the Castle Alt-Eberstein near Baden-Baden . In other cases, for example at Liebenzell Castle , the keep was fitted in the middle of the shield wall.


  • Reinhard Friedrich: shield wall. In: Horst Wolfgang Böhme , Reinhard Friedrich, Barbara Schock-Werner (Hrsg.): Dictionary of castles, palaces and fortresses . Philipp Reclam, Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-15-010547-1 , pp. 228-230, doi: 10.11588 / arthistoricum.535 .
  • Alexander Antonow: Castles of southwest Germany in the 13th and 14th centuries - with special consideration of the shield wall . Konkordia publishing house, Bühl / Baden 1977, ISBN 3-7826-0040-1 .
  • Friedrich-Wilhelm Krahe: Castles of the German Middle Ages - floor plan lexicon . Special edition, Flechsig Verlag, Würzburg 2000, ISBN 3-88189-360-1 , pp. 34–36.
  • Friedrich-Wilhelm Krahe: Castles and residential towers of the German Middle Ages. Volume 1: Castles . Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 3-7995-0104-5 , pp. 33-36;

Web links

Commons : Shield Wall  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: shield wall  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations