Baden Christian Social People's Party

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Baden Christian Social People's Party (BCSV)
Leo Wohleb thumb.jpg
Party leader Leo Wohleb
founding December 16, 1945
Place of foundation Freiburg in Breisgau
resolution April 1947
Alignment Christian Democracy

The Baden Christian Social People's Party (BCSV) was a forerunner of the CDU in southern Baden .


The BCSV emerged from a group called the Christian Social People's Association around the Freiburg high school professor Leo Wohleb , which was joined by the dean Augenstein, Rudolf Moosbrugger and Egon Kahles , among others . The group saw itself as Christian, without being confessionally bound like the German Center Party of the Weimar Republic , and they advocated a united Baden, which in 1945 was divided by the victorious powers into a northern part occupied by the US and a southern part occupied by French . Ernst Föhr , who was chairman of the center in Baden before 1933 , advocated a new edition of the Center Party . However, the view quickly gained acceptance that one had to open up to the Protestant voters. Therefore, in the emerging group, particular care was taken to ensure that denominational proportional representation was adhered to.

When the French occupying power was the last of the victorious powers to allow the formation of parties in their occupied territory, this group was formed on December 16, 1945 in Freiburg im Breisgau, the Baden Christian Social People's Party, which received the official placet of the French in February 1946. In 1946 it became the strongest force in the local elections in Baden and even achieved an absolute majority. In the meantime, 700 local groups had already formed. However, the relationship with the CDU had to be clarified, i.e. the question of whether, like the CSU in Bavaria , one wanted to continue to act institutionally separately or to join the CDU. After heated discussion, it was decided in April 1947 to change the party name to CDU Baden , which was approved by the military government in November. Wohleb was re-elected chairman in May 1947 and a party program was adopted in which the (South) Baden CDU defined itself as a people 's party and no longer a purely bourgeois party and in which it, similar to the North Rhine-Westphalian CDU in Ahlener Program even advocated the socialization of key industries, a position that was soon abandoned. In the election to the Baden state parliament on May 18, 1947, the party achieved 55.9%, ahead of the Social Democrats (SPB) with 22.4%.

Despite the formation of the state of Baden-Wuerttemberg , the state association of the CDU in southern Baden existed until 1971, before it was absorbed into the state association of the CDU Baden-Wuerttemberg . It was only in that year that a uniform Baden-Württemberg regional association was founded. First chairman was the previous head of the South Baden CDU, Prime Minister Hans Filbinger .

Web links


  • Paul-Ludwig Weinacht , Tilman Mayer: Origin and development of Christian democracy in southern Baden. A Chronicle 1945-1981 , ed. v. District association of the CDU Südbaden, Sigmaringen 1983, ISBN 3-7995-4039-3
  • Byong-Chol Lee: Economic policy conception of the Christian Democrats in South Baden 1945 to 1952 , dissertation Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg im Breisgau 2000. (Contains a section on the founding history of the BCSV)