Viennese suburban theater
Wiener Vorstadttheater is the name given to the three private Viennese theaters outside the city wall (the later Vienna Ringstrasse ), which were opened in the course of the Josephine "freedom of spectacle" since 1776 and mainly maintained a repertoire of antics , melodramas , singspiels , pantomimes , which were considered Old Viennese Popular theater became known. Operettas were later performed there.
They counterbalanced and competed with the courtly theaters ( Burgtheater and Kärntnertortheater ) and were visited by the middle and lower classes of society, but - especially at the time of the Congress of Vienna - also by the aristocracy. Up until the March Revolution in 1848, they were exemplary for the bourgeois entertainment culture in the German-speaking area. Around the middle of the 19th century, however, they became more and more expensive, so that they became places of entertainment for wealthy citizens, while the "common people" visited the numerous new theaters and singspielhallen in Vienna's Prater (such as the Fürst Theater ) and in the suburbs .
Suburban theaters include:
- since 1781 the theater in the Leopoldstadt , rebuilt as Carltheater in 1847 , demolished in 1951
- from 1787 the Wiedner Theater in the Starhembergischen Freihaus ( Wieden ), from 1801 in the Theater an der Wien .
- since 1788 the theater in der Josefstadt
- Johann Hüttner : People are looking for their theater, theaters are looking for their audience: the dilemma of Vienna's popular theater in the second third of the 19th century . In: Jean-Marie Valentin (Ed.): The Austrian People's Theater in a European Context 1830–1880 . Lang, Bern 1988, ISBN 3-261-03708-3 , pp. 33-53 .