Folk dance

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Dancing couples performing a folk dance, 1952

Folk dances or folklore dances are dances that are danced at traditional folk festivals or in traditional societies. They occur in practically all cultures and form an inseparable unit together with folk music (not folk music ). In contrast to standard dances, the movements are not so strictly defined, which does not mean that they are danced completely informally.

The costume worn for dancing also differed significantly from everyday clothing in terms of jewelry , fabrics, headgear and ornaments . With the displacement of original folk music by pop music and the commercial standardization of folk festivals as well as easier access to a larger range of leisure activities, folk dances are less practiced; they are often still performed in regional groups or at special dance events such as Kathrein dance or Bal Folk as well as for tourists or at Traditional events danced.

Folk dances

In general, a distinction can be made between “real”, i.e. traditional folk dances, which have been handed down in notes and descriptions from ancient times, and so-called “folkloric dances”, which are based on modern choreography, which are often arranged with elements from ballet and a lot of theatrics include. Folkloric dance is considered to be equivalent to the folk music mentioned above.

Names of folk dances

Many dances tell a story. It is often about everyday things, such as the work of various trades, about bridal show or courtship and others. The names of the dances were derived from this (for example pottery dance , Hetlinger Bandriter , Kesselflicker (dance) , Kragelunder bridal dance ).

Other dances are named after the type of music, melody, or beat. The names of the individual dances are different from region to region and sometimes even interchangeable. Today the place of recording is often given ( Lunzer Boarisch )

Some dance names often have nothing to do with the current meaning of the word. For example, the name of Swedish, which has been handed down in Austria, is a corruption of the original name "Swabian Waltz". As with many other dance families, the Zwiefache has a wide variety of names and names that are common in different regions.

Folk dances according to origin

Dances in German-speaking countries

In December 2015, the Conference of Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs in Germany announced that the folk dance movement would be included as cultural forms in the nationwide directory of intangible cultural heritage . On March 11, 2016, the award took place within the meaning of the Convention for the Conservation of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO .

On March 16, 2011, the Austrian Folk Dance Movement was included in the list of intangible cultural heritage in Austria maintained by the Austrian Commission for UNESCO.

Low German folk dances

Dance group from Dithmarschen

Dances from the room where Low German is spoken:

This language area includes Schleswig-Holstein , Lower Saxony , Bremen , Hamburg , Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and parts of North Rhine-Westphalia . In addition, dances from Pomerania , West and East Prussia as well as the border regions of Thuringia and Hesse are also counted as part of the Low German folk dance .

The most common dance forms include:

  • Couple dances
  • Circle dances
  • Tempetes
  • Figaro
  • Row dances
  • Triplets
  • Two pair dances
  • Counter dances
  • Quadrilles
  • Bowling dances
  • Six and eight pair dances

Many of these dance forms and also entire dances are also widespread in other areas of Germany and in some cases beyond the German borders.

Alpine folk dances

Some dance families from Bavaria, Austria and the other Alpine countries, each with many subspecies, are:

Further simple dances are listed on the Austrian Basic Dance page .

See also: Austrian folk dance

European folk dances

Northern European folk dances

  • Schottis in Sweden, Reinlender in Norway, related to the Rhinelander
  • Halling in Norway
  • Pols in Norway
  • Hambo (Polska) in Sweden
  • Snurrebocks in Sweden
  • Engelska in Sweden
  • Gånglåt in Sweden

Irish-Scottish folk dances

Scottish Country Dance at the Highland Games in Mount Vernon , Washington, 2005

French folk dances

Region: Alsace
Region: North (Picardy / Flanders / Normandy)
  • Flanders
Region: West (Bretagne / Vendée / Poitou-Charentes)
Region: Aveyron
Region: Correze
Region: Center (Berry, Bourbonnais, Morvan, Nivernais, Auvergne)
  • Berry
  • Bourbonnais
  • Nivernais
  • Morvan
  • Auvergne
Region: Provence
Farandole . Painting by Hans Thoma , 1884
Region: Southwest (Gascogne / Béarn)
Region: Basque Country
Region: Catalonia

Italian folk dances

Spanish folk dances

Greek dances

Bulgarian folk dances

Romanian folk dances

More European folk dances

Folk dances from other parts of the world

Folk dances in Asia

Assyrian (also known as Aramaic or Chaldean ) folk dances

  • Bagiye
  • Sheikhani
  • Azia Tamma
  • Khigga
  • Hurse
Turkish folk dances
Regions of Turkey with their typical dance forms
Israeli folk dances
Japanese folk dances
Afghan folk dances

African folk dances

Sebiba , male dance of the Tuareg
Arab folk dances

North American folk dances

American folk dances

Canadian folk dances

  • Scatter promenade
  • La Bastringue

South American folk dances

Mexican folk dances

  • Las Chiapanecas
  • Corrido
  • Jesusita en Chi hua hua
  • Baila
  • Járabe
Brazilian folk dances
Bolivian folk dances

Chilean folk dances

  • Trastrasera
  • Sirilla
  • Resfalosa
  • Chachimbo
Peruvian folk dances
  • Marinera Norteña
  • Cuadro criollo (Vals criollo, Marinera Limeña, La Resbalosa)
  • Marinera Ayacuchana
  • Tondero
  • Huaylash
  • Valicha
  • Carnaval de Tinta
  • Carnaval de Arapa
  • Carnaval de Quota
  • Sicuris
  • Danza de tijeras
  • Negrillos
  • Pacasito
  • Landó
  • Festejo
  • Zamacueca
  • Alcatráz
  • Movido típico
  • Shapis
  • Son de los diablos
  • Caporales
  • Selvatica / Anaconda
  • Marinera Limeña

See also


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Press release of the Standing Conference
  2. Press release of the German UNESCO Commission , accessed on March 21, 2016
  3. ^ Austrian Unesco Commission