Au in the Hallertau

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the market Au in the Hallertau
Au in the Hallertau
Map of Germany, position of the market in Au in der Hallertau highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 33 '  N , 11 ° 45'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Upper Bavaria
County : Freising
Height : 452 m above sea level NHN
Area : 54.99 km 2
Residents: 6131 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 112 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 84072
Area code : 08752
License plate : FS
Community key : 09 1 78 116
Market structure: 42 parts of the community

Market administration address :
Untere Hauptstrasse 2
84072 Au in der Hallertau
Website :
First Mayor : Hans Sailer ( FW )
Location of the Au market in the Hallertau in the Freising district
Landkreis Dachau Landkreis Erding Landkreis Kelheim Landshut Landkreis Landshut Landkreis München Landkreis Pfaffenhofen an der Ilm Allershausen Attenkirchen Au in der Hallertau Eching (Landkreis Freising) Fahrenzhausen Freising Gammelsdorf Haag an der Amper Hallbergmoos Hörgertshausen Hohenkammer Kirchdorf an der Amper Kranzberg Langenbach (Oberbayern) Marzling Mauern Moosburg an der Isar Nandlstadt Neufahrn bei Freising Rudelzhausen Wang (Oberbayern) Wolfersdorf Paunzhausen Zollingmap
About this picture
Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / market
Town view from the west
Town view from the south
Obere Hauptstrasse to the north, in the background the parish church of St. Vitus

Au in der Hallertau (officially: Au idHallertau ) is a market in the north of the Upper Bavarian district of Freising in the southern area of ​​the Hallertau . Since hop growing has played an important role in the Auer municipal corridors for centuries, and Auer hops in particular have gained a worldwide reputation in Germany and beyond, the name of the village of Au is often supplemented with the name Herz im Hopfengau . This is to emphasize the central importance of the Au market within the Hallertau. The Au in der Hallertau market is spread out in a long valley basin on both sides of the Abens river . The townscape is dominated by stately town houses and the area is characterized by hop plants and forests.


Parish parts

There are 42 officially named parts of the municipality (the type of settlement is given in brackets ):

The municipality consists of eight districts (associated parts of the municipality in brackets):

  • Abens district (Abens, Hemhausen, Hirnkirchen, Herbersdorf, Trillhof, Grubanger, Holzhof, Piedendorf, Harham, Kranzberg, Mooshof and Neuhub)
  • Günzenhausen district (Günzenhausen, Halsberg, Seysdorf, Holzschmud and Rohrgg)
  • Haslach district (Haslach, Leitersdorf, Wolfersdorf, Kurzling and Königsgütler)
  • Osseltshausen district (Osseltshausen, Reith and Neuhub)
  • District Osterwaal (Osterwaal, Haarbach, Hofen, Kreiden and Schausgrub)
  • Reichertshausen district (Reichertshausen, Sindorf, Mösbuch, Holzmair and Dobl)
  • Rudertshausen district
  • Sillertshausen district (Sillertshausen and Held)

Neighboring communities

Au in der Hallertau borders on the following communities (clockwise, starting from the north): Rudelzhausen , Nandlstadt , Attenkirchen , Wolfersdorf , Schweitenkirchen , and Wolnzach .


History of the Au market

The area around Au was settled at an early stage, as evidenced by the Celtic ring wall system on the Schlossberg north of the market, which probably dates from the Hallstadt culture 650–400 BC. Is to be attributed to Chr.

The statement that Au was probably founded around the year 500 AD has not been scientifically proven. Although there are sources from many neighboring towns of the market that date from the 8th – 10th centuries. Dating back to the 14th century, Au first emerged with certainty in 1140: Wolvolt ze Owa (Wolvot von Au) bequeathed an estate to Weihenstephan Monastery in a deed of donation . Earlier assumptions about an older mention of Au are likely due to confusion with the frequently occurring place names (such as Au, Aw, Awe, Ouwe, ...). The Au family administered the Au dominion for the Weihenstephan monastery. It is certain, however, that in 1272 the Counts of Moosburg had Au as a fief and that there was a small castle there that remained in their hands until the family died out in 1281 (death of Kondrad IV the Younger). Heirs to the Moosburg family were the lords of Stein and Randegg, who in turn were inherited by the Counts of Abensberg in 1306 . On September 12, 1349, Count Ulrich III. von Abensberg for Au at Emperor Ludwig the Bavarian the right to market : … the right to encircle themselves with fences and ditches, also that they should have stick and gallows and a weekly market. After the death of Ulrich III. von Abensberg In 1385, Markt and Veste Au were sold to the Preysinger, Counts of Wolnzach , for 950 Hungarian guilders . 1448 Au by Friedrich III. awarded the coat of arms, which is still valid today.

In 1463 Kaspar married Herr von Turn Barbara, the daughter of the last Preysinger, and so the Turn family came into the possession of Au. During the Landshut War of Succession , the place was looted and the castle destroyed in 1503. The castle was rebuilt in its current form as Schloss Au from 1554–1578. In 1560 the Hofmark Hettenkirchen (until 1752 near Au), the Hofmark Pfettrach in 1565 (until 1818 near Au) and attached to the rule of Au. A master brewer is mentioned for the first time in 1590, which is the oldest evidence of the Au Castle Brewery. During the Thirty Years' War , Au was sacked by the Swedes in 1633; only the lock remained intact. In 1642 the male line of Turner died out and the last daughter, Marianna Freifrau von Turn, married Johann Freiherrn von Fraunhofen . 1688–1689 the parish church of St. Vitus was rebuilt. As part of the War of the Spanish Succession , Hungarian hussars invaded Au in July 1704 and extorted war contributions of 5,000 guilders. Mauritia, the last baroness of Fraunhofen, married Count Philipp Joseph von Toerring-Seefeld in 1709 ; the Toerring-Seefeld remained lords of Au until 1735. By marrying the surviving daughter, the Counts of Preysing-Hohenaschau came into the possession of the Au dominion. In 1752 Au consisted of 97 properties; Osseltshausen, Günzenhausen, Wolfersdorf , Pfettrach, Hirnkirchen and Haslach also belonged to the Au dominion .

Michael Wening : Castle of the Counts of Törring and Markt Au, early 18th century.

In 1818 Au was appointed patrimonial court in the course of the 2nd municipal edict . The rule Au was abolished and emerged as Markt Au within the boundaries of the old market district. Au has always belonged to the Moosburg an der Isar regional court , which was in Lower Bavaria. In 1808 Au came to Upper Bavaria with the regional court; on August 8, 1857, Au was relocated to the Mainburg Regional Court and thus back to Lower Bavaria. In 1845 Au became its own seal district in the Hallertau and 227 quintals of hops were sealed. In 1864 Au had 760 inhabitants. In 1898 the first hop hall is built, which was expanded in 1928. From 1907 to 1909, the Langenbach – Enzelhausen line , known as the Hallertau Local Railway , was built and Au received its own station. The railway line was shut down at the end of 1970. Before the First World War, Au was home to 1,214 residents, 71 of whom lost their lives in the war. The years after the war, inflation and its economic worries weighed heavily on Au. However, there followed a hardly anticipated upturn. The second war of 1939–1945, however, again inflicted deep wounds in the economic life of the market, which were only gradually overcome. The hops became increasingly the main source of work and income for Au. On July 1, 1972, the Mainburg district was dissolved in the course of the regional reform in Bavaria and Au came to the Freising district and became Upper Bavarian. Numerous incorporations made Au with 54.99 km² the second largest municipality in the district in terms of area. In the state development program, the Au in der Hallertau market is designated as a small center.

Division of the community area

Lords of Au Castle

Development of the Au market


On July 1, 1972, the northern part of the previously independent municipality of Reichertshausen with the districts of Reichertshausen, Willertshausen and Sindorf and the former municipality of Rudertshausen were incorporated. On January 1, 1976, Osseltshausen voluntarily joined the Au market.

Günzenhausen , Haslach and Osterwaal followed on January 1, 1978 . Finally, on May 1, 1978, the incorporation of Abens (the merger of the previous communities of Hemhausen and Hirnkirchen to form the new Abens community on January 1, 1971) completed the series of incorporations.

After the district reform, the residents of Sillertshausen and Held (both parish of Attenkirchen) demanded that they be incorporated into Au. On January 1, 1982, the small area of Attenkirchen , which then had around 40 inhabitants, was ceded to Markt Au in der Hallertau.

Population development

Part of the municipality Au in der Hallertau

The following population information relates to the municipality of Au in der Hallertau within the respective boundaries.

Population development
year Residents
1809 527
1874 801
1885 1010
1907 1214
1910 1293
1919 1367
1925 1403
1933 1388
1939 1481
1946 1475
1950 2022
1955 1976
year Residents
1960 1936
1961 1939
1965 2013
1970 2126
1971 2159
1972 2424
1975 2428
1976 2588
1978 3718
1980 3826
1982 4234
1984 4305

Today's municipality of Au in the Hallertau

The following population information refers to today's area of ​​the municipality of Au in der Hallertau with the incorporated places.

year Residents
1840 2261
1871 2681
1900 3122
1925 3472
1939 3363
1950 4575
1961 3613
1970 3728
1982 4234
1984 4305
year Residents
1987 4137
1989 4508
1991 4495
1994 4912
1995 4965
1999 5250
2000 5209
2001 5320
2002 5461
2003 5467
year Residents
2004 5507
2005 5594
2006 5626
2007 5593
2008 5571
2009 5564
2010 5615
2011 5607
2012 5655
2013 5731
year Residents
2014 5773
2015 5858
2016 5944

Between 1988 and 2018 the market grew from 4,180 to 6,063 by 1,883 inhabitants or 45.1%.


Market council

The local elections in 2002, 2008, 2014 and 2020 led to the following allocation of seats in the municipal council . Since May 2014 three parties and groups have belonged to the municipal council :

Party / group of voters 2002 2008 2014 2020
CSU 8th 8th 5 7th
Green - - 4th 4th
Free voter community Au 12 12 11 9
total 20th 20th 20th 20th

The percentage was voted as follows:

Party / group of voters 2002 2008 2014 2020
CSU 37.6 41.8 27.6 34.3
SPD 2.9 - - -
Green - - 18.4 20.6
Free voter community Au 59.5 58.2 54.0 45.1
total 100 100 100 100


In 2020, Hans Sailer from the Au Free Voting Association was elected mayor with 54.8% of the vote. It is his first term in office.

coat of arms

Blazon : In green three two-to-one set silver heraldic roses with golden lugs and sepals.

History of the coat of arms: Documented as a Grinen Schilt and in it three roses, two at the top and one at the bottom with gels differentiated ( differentiated with yellow colors). The inscription of the coat of arms reads: = seal of the market in Au.

The three silver roses in the green field are taken from the coat of arms of the Counts of Moosburg and the Lords of Stein . The coat of arms was on September 9, 1448 the market Au by Emperor Friedrich III. awarded.


Most of the residents belong to the Catholic Church. Au has been a Catholic parish, Sankt Vitus , since the 11th century . The parish of Saint Bartholomew in Osterwaal forms a parish community with the parish of Au. The municipality is divided under canon law: The north with Au and Osterwaal belongs to the Abensberg-Mainburg deanery in the diocese of Regensburg. The remaining parts of the community, i.e. the parishes of Abens Mariä Birth and Reichertshausen St. Stephanus, belong to the dean's office in Freising in the Archdiocese of Munich and Freising. The following churches are available for the faithful in the parish of Au and Osterwaal: the parish church of St. Vitus, the cemetery chapel, the castle chapel of St. Karl Borromeo and the Maria Eich chapel in the Tannet forest in Au; Saint Bartholomew and the Maria-Hilf-Chapel in Osterwaal as well as the branch churches in Halsberg Sankt Margaretha , Haslach Sankt Johann Baptist , Osseltshausen Mariä Himmelfahrt and Rudertshausen St. Johannes. The Abens parish has the branch churches Hirnkirchen St. Peter and Paul, Piedendorf St. Nikolaus, Hemhausen and in Sillertshausen the chapel St. Anna. The parish Reichertshausen is looked after from Nandlstadt.

The Lutheran Christ Church has existed for Protestant Christians since 1963. Until 1993 Au belonged to the parish of Mainburg, from 1994 the parish became independent and also includes the places Attenkirchen, Au, Nandlstadt, Rudelzhausen , Wolfersdorf, Thalham, Tegernbach and Oberappersdorf. It is located in the dean's office in Freising and in the parish of Munich.

Culture and sights

music and dance

  • Besides violin music
  • Hanghena
  • Song board Au
  • Market chapel Au
  • Osseltshausener Schäffler dancers


  • Au Castle
  • Catholic Church of St. Vitus
  • Ring wall of the early Middle Ages


  • The Schwarz family farm museum in Sillertshausen am Grasl-Hof

Regular events

  • Auer weekly market (every Wednesday)
  • Holledauer Whitsun festival
  • Holledauer Fidel (about every ten years)
  • Carnival parade
  • New Year's concert by the Au market band
  • Sunday shopping with flea market (twice a year)
  • Market tours (every second and fourth Sunday of the month)
  • Kolping culture circle

Economy and Transport

Schlossbrauerei Au-Hallertau with castle in the background

The Au market has two industrial areas, "Au-West" and "Galgenberg". In addition to a brewery (Schlossbrauerei Au-Hallertau), there are mainly companies in the market that are involved in hop building technology (Stephan Maier Landtechnik), hop processing (HHV mbH) and hop marketing (Lupex GmbH). The company with the largest number of employees and turnover is CCV Deutschland GmbH (formerly EL-ME AG).

The Hallertauer Hopfentour , a cycle path through the Hallertau, runs through the community.

Au in der Hallertau bypass on the B 301

The federal highway 301 led directly through the place. Since the 1980s, the market has been striving for a bypass . The start of construction seemed assured for 2008. In the late summer of 2008 it became known that the financial means would no longer be made available. In order to achieve a timely start of construction, Markt Au mobilized the national press, among other things, in order to secure the promised financing. Thanks to a grant from the State of Bavaria, construction began in mid-2009. The bypass has been open to traffic since mid-December 2011.

Rail transport

Au was connected to rail traffic via the Hallertau local railway from Langenbach to Enzelhausen . The route was closed in 1996 and is now available as a cycle path .

Public transport

The bus line 602 of the Munich Transport and Tariff Association runs on the Mainburg to Freising route (from there rail connection to Munich and Landshut).

Public facilities

Childcare and educational institutions

  • Kindergarten at Vogelhölzl
  • Kindergarten Maria de la Paz
  • Primary school Au
  • Realschule Au
  • Adult Education Center Au
  • Community library

Leisure and sports facilities

Picture gallery


  • Johann Schmid and Joseph Weiss: Au in der Hallertau - Chronicle of a market.
  • Johann Baptist Prechtl : History of the four markets Au, Wolnzach, Mainburg and Nandlstadt. Wölflesche Buchhandlung Freising, Datterer 1864.

Web links

Commons : Au in der Hallertau  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. ^ Markt Au id Hallertau: Greetings from the mayor. Retrieved May 16, 2020 .
  3. ^ Community Au in der Hallertau in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on September 12, 2019.
  5. ^ Johann B. Prechtl, History of the four markets in Au, Wolnzach, Mainburg and Nandlstadt, Wölflesche Buchhandlung Freising, 1864, p. 41
  6. Sebastian Hiereth, Historical Atlas of Bavaria, Series 1, Issue 1, p. 34, 1950
  7. ^ Johann B. Prechtl, History of the four markets in Au, Wolnzach, Mainburg and Nandlstadt, Wölflesche Buchhandlung Freising, 1864, p. 28
  8. Sebastian Hiereth, Historischer Atlas von Bayern, series 1, issue 1, p. 34 f., 1950
  9. ^ Johann B. Prechtl, History of the Four Markets Au, Wolnzach, Mainburg and Nandlstadt, Wölflesche Buchhandlung Freising, 1864, p. 57
  10. ^ Johann B. Prechtl, History of the four markets in Au, Wolnzach, Mainburg and Nandlstadt, Wölflesche Buchhandlung Freising, 1864, p. 69
  11. Sebastian Hiereth, Historical Atlas of Bavaria, Series 1, Book 1, p. 3, 1950
  13. ^ Johann B. Prechtl, History of the Four Markets Au, Wolnzach, Mainburg and Nandlstadt, Wölflesche Buchhandlung Freising, 1864, p. 88
  14. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 516 .
  15. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 574 f .
  16. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 464 .
  17. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 814 .
  18. ^ House of Bavarian History - Bavaria's municipalities. Retrieved September 18, 2019 .
  19. ^ Certificate of the Vienna Chancellery from Kaiser Friedrich, on the Monday after the birth of the Virgin Mary 1448 = 9 September 1448
  20. ^ House of Bavarian History - Bavaria's municipalities. Retrieved September 18, 2019 .
  21. Au idHallertau architectural monuments
  22. ^ Kolping family Au id Hallertau. Retrieved May 28, 2019 .
  23. ^ Kolping family Au id Hallertau. Retrieved May 28, 2019 .
  24. Hallertau Hop Tour Cycle Path. Hopfenland Hallertau Tourismus e. V., accessed on October 6, 2016 .
  25. ^ Road construction projects of the Freising State Building Authority, B 301 Au id Hallertau bypass
  26. ↑ Local bypass released: Free passage for the development of Au. In: Münchner Merkur from December 11, 2011