Max Ladner

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Max Ladner (born December 11, 1889 in Brixen , South Tyrol ; † October 23, 1963 in Zurich -Witikon) was a pioneer of Buddhism in Switzerland and in the German-speaking area. He was born in 1889 in Bressanone, South Tyrol and came before the First World War as a civil engineer in the Switzerland . Ladner came to Buddhism through Arthur Schopenhauer and Friedrich Nietzsche and was initially in Georg Grimm's Munich circle , with whom he later fell out. Together with Raoul von Muralt , he founded the Zurich Buddhist Community in 1942. He published numerous articles and books and from 1948 to 1961 published Die Einsicht , the most important German-language Buddhist magazine at the time. Max Ladner was in contact with leading Buddhist representatives of his time, such as Nyanatiloka , Nyanaponika and Lama Anagarika Govinda , the founder of the Arya Maitreya Mandala . He died in Zurich in 1963.


  • Max Ladner: Nietzsche and Buddhism. Critical Considerations by a Buddhist. Self-published, Zurich, 1933, 142 pp.
  • Max Ladner: The teaching of the Buddha. Rascher Verlag, Zurich, 1946, 52 pages, new edition 1999.
  • Max Ladner: Gotamo Buddha. His becoming, his teaching, his church. Represented on the basis of the Pali canon. Rascher Verlag, Zurich, 1948, 396 pp.
  • Max Ladner: Reality and Redemption. A world and inner view in the spirit of the Buddha. Verlag Christiani, Konstanz, 1952, 211 pp. ISBN 3-931095-12-6