Ferdinand Henry

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Ferdinand Henry

Ferdinand Leopold Joseph Carl Nicolaus Henry (born April 28, 1819 in Stettin ; † March 30, 1891 in Berlin ) was a senior Prussian military officer and from 1864 to 1884 Intendant (head of administration) of the Guard Corps .



Ferdinand Henry was the son of the Franco-Prussian War Commissioner Anton Christoph Henry (* November 9, 1785 - September 15, 1831 in Stettin) and his wife Anna Florentine, née Böhmer (* July 6, 1789 in Halberstadt ; † February 26, 1867 in Berlin).


From 1825 to 1830 Henry attended various private schools and from 1830 to 1832 the Friedrich Werdersche Gymnasium in Berlin.

In November 1831 the widow Florentine Henry made a request to King Friedrich Wilhelm III. with the request to increase her widow's pension, which, however, is refused. Thanks to the use of Duke Karl zu Mecklenburg , however, the king gave his consent to the admission of her son to the Cauer Institute in Charlottenburg , which Ferdinand visited from 1832 until it was dissolved in March 1834. When he had to leave, he received from the director of the institute, Ludwig Cauer, a handwritten certificate of departure with a seal and his signature on March 22, 1834 in Charlottenburg. It confirms to him that he has made good progress with praiseworthy zeal, in Latin with the translation of Caesar and Ovid , in Greek with the translation of Homer and the 2nd course of Jacobs Elementary Book. With good success and with independent insight he had done geometry and arithmetic , in French and the other subjects his achievements were satisfactory. He is shown satisfaction for his conduct and wished the best for his further well-being.

He returned to Berlin at Easter 1834 (Charlottenburg was an independent city at that time). He attended Friedrich Werdersche Gymnasium again for half a year. The education allowance granted by the king for an indefinite period was from then on administered by Ferdinand's guardian , Judicial Councilor Markstein. Whether the granting of the childcare allowance was linked to the expectation that the recipient would enter the civil service as a civil servant after completing his schooling or studies is not evident from the curriculum vitae or other documents. It can be assumed, however, that the former superiors of the deceased father or the patrons of the family suggested that the boy or his mother should follow the example of the father and take up the career of higher military official. In the same year u. a. a Privy Councilor Reichhelm to visit the Kölln High School in Berlin - "as a good preparatory school for the civil servant career" - which Ferdinand Michaelis entered on September 29, 1834 and in which he passed his Abitur four years later.

From 1838 on he studied law and political science at the University of Berlin . From April 1839 to April 1840 military service in the Guard Pioneer Department, where he qualified as a Landwehr officer. From Easter 1840 he studied at the University of Breslau . Already during his studies he was employed on a trial basis at the directorate of the VI. Army Corps accepted and sworn in on December 11, 1840. On March 17, 1842 he made his exams pro auscultatura in Breslau.

Immediately afterwards, on March 23rd, he was sworn in as auscultator at the Higher Regional Court in Breslau, 14 days later transferred to the Supreme Court , on April 27th, by order of the Prussian War Minister, transferred to the directorate of the Guard Corps, assigned to the Regional Court on May 25th and finally on December 15 for the last time to a civil judicial authority, the City Court of Berlin, until he ended his judicial career on July 7, 1843, the purpose of which was to give him an overview of the practical procedure in legal matters, if one takes into account the shortness of the time allotted to him. Even before the end of the same he was promoted to assistant director's office on June 6, 1843.

In addition, he was promoted to second lieutenant in the 20th Landwehr Regiment in 1844 . On October 16, 1845 he was appointed director trainee. He held this rank until his state examination in April 1848. On January 1, 1849, he was appointed as a regular director's assessor with an annual salary of 500 Prussian thalers, which increased to 550 thalers on April 1 of the same year.

From May 1849 to August 1850, Ferdinand Henry was appointed head of a mobile Prussian directorate department in Baden for the suppression of the republican uprisings (the aim of which was to enforce the imperial constitution ). For participating in this campaign he received the Red Eagle Order IV class, a commemorative coin donated by the Prussian king for military officials and a commemorative medal from the Grand Duke of Baden . For this mission he received a field salary of 800 thalers and a monthly field allowance of 25 thalers.

By the highest cabinet ordre he was appointed director's council in June 1854 and military director in June 1861 . Up until this point in time, his annual salary had increased from 650 to 1,800 thalers in 1850. In 1862 he left the Landwehr with the rank of captain .

In 1864 he was finally appointed director of the Guard Corps with whom he took part in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. His immediate superior was the commanding general of the Guard Corps Prince August von Württemberg , with whom he was good friends.

On December 21, 1871, the title and rank of Real Secret War Council and Council II. Class were awarded. Since then he has been entitled to use the title of Excellence . In 1873 there was a final increase in salary to 2,700 thalers, until he retired from civil service in June 1884 as the military director of the Guard Corps.

Ferdinand Henry died on March 30, 1891 in Berlin as a result of a stroke. The Vossische Zeitung wrote on April 1st:

“The day before yesterday at 10:15 am, the Real Secret War Council, Ferdinand Henry, who had been director of the Guard Corps for many years, suddenly died, which will certainly fill his many friends and acquaintances, who adored the amiable old gentleman, with true sympathy. In the summer of 1866, the director of the Prussian Guard Corps, Henry, took part in the Austro-Prussian war. "


Marie Henry, b. Sala, his wife

On May 12, 1849, he married Marie Sala of Italian descent (born March 23, 1830 in Berlin; † 1885 in Berlin due to consumption ), with whom he had four children:

  • Baptiste (born May 23, 1850 - † November 8, 1919), later a public prosecutor in Magdeburg
  • Ferdinand (born February 15, 1853 - † December 13, 1937 in Stettin )
  • Caesar (December 15, 1854 - December 20, 1856)
  • Elise, called Lieschen (born September 19, 1858 - † February 6, 1864)


In the course of his 45 years of service as a military official, Ferdinand Henry was recognized for his achievements and, since his appointment as Intendant of the Guard Corps in 1864 and the Privy Council of War in 1871, probably because of his high military rank, but also his integrity, a large number of both Prussian and Also awarded to foreign orders and decorations:


Manuscripts in the family's possession by Eckart Henry († 2003) and Brigit List, née Henry, based on the records and documents from the estate of Ferdinand Henry and his sons, which survived their flight from Stettin in 1945.