Victor Leopold Ehrenberg (born November 22, 1891 in Altona ; died January 25, 1976 in London ) was a German-British ancient historian of Jewish descent who emigrated to Great Britain due to National Socialist persecution.
Ehrenberg, nephew of the lawyer of the same name, Victor Ehrenberg , first studied architecture in Stuttgart after attending school in Kassel, and then from 1912 classical studies in Göttingen and Berlin. After four years of military service in World War I, he continued his studies in Tübingen, where he received his doctorate in 1920, and completed his habilitation in Frankfurt am Main in 1922.
In 1929 he was appointed to the chair of ancient history at the German University in Prague . Shortly before the German troops marched in, Ehrenberg and his family fled to Great Britain in February 1939, where he received various teaching assignments (including in Newcastle) during the Second World War. In 1946 he took over a professorship at the University of London after rejecting a chair in Munich because he did not want to return to Germany. Since 1958 he was a corresponding member of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences .
The focus of Ehrenberg's wide-ranging scientific work was in the area of Greek history. His best-known book dealt under the title Aristophanes and the People of Athens with the "Sociology of Old Attic Comedy".
- East and West. Studies on the historical problems of antiquity . Brno 1935.
- Alexander and the Greeks . Blackwell, Oxford 1938.
- The people of Aristophanes . Blackwell, Oxford 1943. German edition: Aristophanes and the people of Athens. A Sociology of the Old Attic Comedy . Artemis, Zurich and Stuttgart 1968.
- The state of the Greeks . 2nd expanded edition. Artemis, Zurich and Stuttgart 1965.
- Polis and Empire. Contributions to ancient history [collection of articles in honor of his 70th birthday] / ed. by Karl Friedrich Stroheker and Alexander John Graham . Artemis, Zurich 1965
- From Solon to Socrates. Greek history and civilization during the sixth and fifth centuries BC Methuen, London 1968 and reprints, ISBN 0-415-04024-8
- Werner Röder; Herbert A. Strauss (Ed.): International Biographical Dictionary of Central European Emigrés 1933–1945 . Volume 2.1. Munich: Saur, 1983 ISBN 3-598-10089-2 , p. 238
- Archive Bibliographia Judaica (editor), Renate Heuer (editor): Lexicon of German-Jewish authors . Volume 6: Dore – Fein. De Gruyter, Berlin a. a. 1998, ISBN 3-598-22686-1 , pp. 96-103.
- Wilhelm Sternfeld , Eva Tiedemann: German Exile Literature 1933-1945. A bio bibliography. Schneider, Heidelberg / Darmstadt 1962.
- Kai Brodersen : "To write history and to live history are two very different things". Victor Ehrenberg in Newcastle upon Tyne 1941–45. In the S. (Ed.): The ancient world outside of the classroom. Lit, Münster et al. 2003, ISBN 3-8258-6852-4 , pp. 165-168.
- Kay Ehling : “Maybe I will be able to visit Germany again one day.” A letter from Victor Ehrenberg dated February 20, 1947. In: Historia . Volume 53, 2004, pp. 121-128.
- Helmuth Schneider : Ehrenberg, Victor. In: Peter Kuhlmann , Helmuth Schneider (Hrsg.): History of the ancient sciences. Biographical Lexicon (= The New Pauly . Supplements. Volume 6). Metzler, Stuttgart / Weimar 2012, ISBN 978-3-476-02033-8 , Sp. 350–353.
- Members of the HAdW since it was founded in 1909. Victor Ehrenberg. Heidelberg Academy of Sciences, accessed on July 11, 2016 .
- Eva Ehrenberg. In: Lexicon of German-Jewish Authors , Volume 6, de Gruyter, Berlin 1998, pp. 81–83
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Ehrenberg, Victor Leopold|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German-British ancient historian|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 22, 1891|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Altona|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 25, 1976|
|Place of death||London|